► Addressability is the number of bits stored in each addressable location in memory.
► Application Software are programs that help one solve real-world problems.
► Arithmetic/Logic Unit (ALU) is the computer component that performs arithmetic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) and logical operations (a comparison of two values).
► Bus Width is the number of bits that can be transferred in parallel over the bus.
► Cache Memory is a type of small, high-speed memory used to hold frequently used data.
► Control Unit is the computer component that controls the actions of the other components so as to execute instructions in sequence.
► CPU Scheduling is the act of determining which process in memory is given access to the CPU so that it may execute.
► Input Unit is a device that accepts data to be stored in the memory.
► Instruction Register (IR) is the register that contains the instruction currently being executed.
► Memory Management is the act of keeping track of how and where programs are loaded in main memory.
► Motherboard is the main circuit board of a computer.
► Multiprogramming is the technique of keeping multiple programs in main memory at the same time, competing for the CPU.
► Operating System is system software that manages computer resources and provides an interface for system interaction.
► Output Unit is a device that prints or otherwise displays data stored in memory or makes a permanent copy of information stored in memory or another device.
► Pipelining is a technique that breaks an instruction into smaller steps that can be overlapped.
► Process is the dynamic representation of a program during execution.
► Process Management is the act of keeping tack of information for active processes.
► Program Counter (PC) is the register that contains the address of the next instruction to be executed.
► Register is a small storage area in the CPU used to store intermediate values or special data.
► System Software are programs that manage a computer system and interact with hardware.