Cucurbita

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Cucurbita

Cucurbits
Yellow squash DSC01080.jpg
Genus: Cucurbita
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Type: Vines
Pollination: Insects

Cucurbita is a genus in the gourd family Cucurbitaceae. It includes species grown for their fruit and edible seeds (the squashes, pumpkins and marrows, and the chilacayote), as well as gourds. Many North and Central American species are visited by specialist bees in the group Eucerini, especially the genera Peponapis and Xenoglossa, and these bees can be very important for fruit set.

Description[edit]

Vines, sometimes short, with large palmate leaves and tendrils. The flowers are large, orange, and unisexual, with both genders usually occurring on each plant. Fruits are large fleshy berries called pepos.

Growing conditions[edit]

Full sun, rich, moist, but well-drained soils.

Species[edit]

Maintenance[edit]

Monitoring for pests and diseases is crucial.

Propagation[edit]

By seed.

Pests and Diseases[edit]

Bacterial Wilt

Blight

Powdery Mildew

  • Erisyphe cichoracearum
  • Sphaerotheca fuliginea

Cucurbit Downy Mildew

  • Pseudoperonospora cubensis

Cucumber Scab

  • Cladosporium cucumerinum

Mosaic

Aphids

Hoppers

Whiteflies

Bugs

Thrips

Maggots

Beetles

Caterpillars

References[edit]

  • ITIS
  • Cranshaw, Whitney (2004). Garden Insects of North America: The Ultimate Guide to Backyard Bugs. Princeton University Press. pp. 590-591. 
  • Pippa Greenwood, Andrew Halstead, A.R. Chase, Daniel Gilrein (2000). American Horticultural Society Pests & Diseases: The Complete Guide to Preventing, Identifying, and Treating Plant Problems (First Edition ed.). Dorling Kindersley (DK) Publishing, inc.. pp. 120-121.