History of Western Theatre: 17th Century to Now/Spanish Post-WWII

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In the Spanish post World War II period, several playwrights emerged, including Alfonso Sastre (1926-?), author of "Ana Kleiber" (Anna Kleiber, 1955) and Jerónimo López Mozo (1942-?), author of "Eloides" (1996).

Alfonso Sastre described the unhappy love affair of a philosophy student and a woman who does not know what she wants

"Anna Kleiber"[edit]

"Anna Kleiber". Time: 1920-1940s. Place: Spain, Germany.

Alfred, a philosophy student, accosts Anna, an actress who appears ready to drown herself by jumping from a bridge. He convinces her to follow him. Although disgusted, she had copulated with an impresario named Charles, "just to see how low I could sink," she says. Though she warns Alfred against her, they live together for eight days, then suddenly she leaves, a letter behind stating only this: "I have come to love you so much that I can't keep on with you." Nevertheless, he succeeds in finding her in an acting company. Charles shows up a little later, and makes ambiguous comments on her personality, until, unable to tolerate this, Alfred fights with him, each bearing a knife, and stabs him, at which point the prompter arrives and proposes to take care of the matter provided he join the Nazie party, Charles being a Jew and so worth killing. With Alfred fled away to Berlin, Anna takes to drink and is fired from an acting company. Alfred succeeds in finding her again by chance in a public park, but then war is declared and he must go away again. To his surprise, she is glad of it, since the interlude offers her the occasion to live more intensely rather than the vapid way she has carried on so far. Instead, with Alfred away to war, Anna takes to a derelict aimless life. When he returns, she admits the waiting bored her. Even together, she still shows signs of apathy and Alfred quickly grows tired of it. She wants to be punished, but he is unable to provide even that, until, goaded, he strikes her with a poker and is arrested. They eventually write to each other, but just when they are about to live together again, she has a heart attack in a hotel and dies.


"Eloides". Time: 1990s. Place: Spain.

Sanchez announces to his employee, Eloides, that since his own son has just obtained a license to drive a truck, he will no longer be needed. Incensed, Eloides drops the bottle-filled case he was carrying. When Sanchez tells him he will deduct the cost of the broken bottles from his salary, Eloides strikes the truck with an iron bar till it catches fire. He is arrested but released while the court debates the case. His wife, Lola, does not wish him back until he finds a job again, so that he heads for his parents' house. Because he is likely to go to jail, his friend, Roman, advises him to escape for Madrid and loans him money for that purpose. As he is about to board a train, Eloides sees Sanchez' accountant sitting inside and pulls back in fear of being seen. Although suspecting that Roman plans to take his place beside his wife, Eloides arrives at Madrid on foot, but he is unable to find a job there. At an abandoned train station, he meets Luis, a vagrant who earns handouts by playing classical music on his violin and who harbors him at his lodging inside the station itself. At a handout place for vagrants, Eloides is upset on hearing a white man insult a black one and overturns a table over him. With no place to go, he washes himself at a public fountain and scrounges for food in trashbins even after a fellow vagrant has gone through it. Still hungry, he swallows communion wafers until a curate advances towards him with a sword taken from a statue of St. Michael to hurry him out of the church. He returns to Luis' room to offer him two bottles of wine stolen from the church. While drinking with his friend, Eloides swallows too plentifully, becomes sick, and vomits. While Luis is sleeping, Eloides is at the point of stealing his friend's coat and violin when he is discovered. Luis fights over his violin and is able to keep it, but Eloides takes away all his money, explaining that he intends to pay him back once he makes a profit by buying tickets for various events and selling them at a higher price. But when he lines up for soccer tickets, thugs beat him up and steal his money. He avenges himself on the ringleader by stabbing him to death. He is soon arrested and given a six-year sentence. Wearied at the thought of returning to a vagrant life so soon, he strangles his defense lawyer to death.