History of Western Theatre: 17th Century to Now/East European Post-WWII
Of notable interest in the East European theatre after WWII is the Polish playwright Sławomir Mrożek (1930-?) and his family saga, "Tango" (1964).
"Tango". Time: 1960s. Place: Poland.
Arthur is angry at seeing his great-uncle, Eugene, play cards instead of writing his memoirs. To punish him, he places a bird-cage over his head. He also commands his grandmother, Eugenia, to lie inside a coffin with lit candles beside it. Arthur next scolds his father, Stomil, for walking about with his pyjama bottom improperly buttoned up, but he ignores him. The father reminds him it is thanks to his generation that he is so free, but Arthur regrets such freedom, "in this brothel where nothing works because everyone can do whatever he pleases". But to Stomil, "every man is entitled to his own kind of happiness". Arthur continues on this theme with Eugene: "Don't you realize that, precisely because everything is possible, nothing is possible anymore?" The loss of tradition and convention have made revolt impossible. Sonsidering himself an artist, Stomil presents to the family a puppet-play on Adam and Eve. After a few exchanges, the lights go out and a gun-shot is heard, with the result that he is the only one amused. Arthur challenges his father by announcing that a suppposed friend of the family, Eddie, sleeps with his wife, Eleanor. But after Stomil proposes to shoot him, Arthur discovers his father playing cards with both. Having failed to do anything with his father, Arthur next attempts to turn the clock back by convincing Ala to marry him. She hesitates but finally accepts. He asks for Eugenia's blessing, but she hesitates. When her brother, Eugene, glad of this turn of events, threatens to shoot her unless she does, she finally yields. On the wedding day, there is a newly discovered order in the household, though Stomil remains doubtful, saying to Eugene: "Formalism will never free you from chaos." Eleanor is also glad of this turn of events, still enthusiastic about Eddie acting as both her servant and her lover. But at the last moment, Arthur no longer wants to go through with the ceremony, empty of any meaning, still looking for an idea to build an entire life on. A sick Eugenia enters the coffin a second time, but this time to die. This gives Arthur the idea that death is the best idea of all. He begins by condemning Eugene to death and is about to enforce it when Eddie strikes him from behind and kills him. In view of the family's weakness to decide on anything, it is now Eddie's turn to command. To celebrate the coming of a new family order based on the old, he dances a tango with Eugene.