Hindi/Numbers

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Numbers[edit]

Cardinals[edit]

English Hindi Transliteration
Zero (0) शून्य (०) śunya/siphar
One (1) एक (१) ēk
Two (2) दो (२) do
Three (3) तीन (३) teen
Four (4) चार (४) chaār
Five (5) पांच (५) pānch
Six (6) छः (६) cha
Seven (7) सात (७) saāt
Eight (8) आठ (८) āṭh
Nine (9) नौ (९) nau
Ten (10) दस (१०) das
Eleven (11) ग्यारह (११) gyārah
Twelve (12) बारह (१२) bārah
Thirteen (13) तेरह (१३) tērah
Fourteen (14) चौदह (१४) chaudah
Fifteen (15) पंद्रह (१५) pandrah
Sixteen (16) सोलह (१६) solah
Seventeen (17) सत्रह (१७) satrah
Eighteen (18) अट्ठारह (१८) aṭṭhārah
Nineteen (19) उन्निस (१९) unnis
Twenty (20) बीस (२०) bees

Hindi cardinal numbers up to 100 have no specific standardization. Up to 20, the numbers are unique. After that each tenth number (such as 30, 40 etc) is unique. The rest of the numbers take the form of prefix of incremental digit and the base of preceding tenth number. However these prefixes and bases vary slightly and random manner. Although the pattern isn't regular, don't worry too much. They're just slightly different and with some practice you'd soon get the hang of it. Here are the numbers from 21 to 100. Try to follow them and find any similar pattern.

English Hindi Transliteration
Twenty one (21) इक्कीस (२१) ikkīs
Twenty two (22) बाईस (२२) bāīs
Twenty three (23) तेईस (२३) tēīs
Twenty four (24) चौबिस(२४) chaubīs
Twenty five (25) पच्चीस(२५) pachchīs
Twenty six (26) छब्बीस(२६) chabbīs
Twenty seven (27) सत्ताईस (२७) sattāīs
Twenty eight (28) अट्ठाईस (२८) aṭṭhāīs
Twenty nine (29) उनतीस (२९) unatīs
Thirty (30) तीस (३०) tīs
Thirty one (31) इकतीस (३१) ikatīs
Thirty two (32) बत्तीस (३२) battīs
Thirty three (33) तैंतीस (३३) taiṃtīs
Thirty four (34) चौंतीस (३४) chauṃtīs
Thirty five (35) पैंतीस (३५) paiṃtīs
Thirty six (36) छ्त्तीस (३६) chattīs
Thirty seven (37) सैंतीस (३७) saiṃtīs
Thirty eight (38) अड़तीस (३८) aṛatīs
Thirty nine (39) उनतालीस (३९) unchālīs
Forty (40) चालीस (४०) chālīs
Forty one (41) इकतालीस (४१) ikatālīs
Forty two (42) बयालीस (४२) bayālīs
Forty three (43) तैंतालीस (४३) taiṃtālīs
Forty four (44) चौवालीस (४४) chauṃtālīs
Forty five (45) पैंतालीस (४५) paiṃtālīs
Forty six (46) छियालीस (४६) chiyālīs
Forty seven (47) सैंतालीस (४७) saiṃtālīs
Forty eight (48) अड़तालीस (४८) aṛatālīs
Forty nine (49) उन्चास (४९) unacās
Fifty (50) पचास (५०) pacās
Fifty one (51) इक्यावन (५१) ikyāban
Fifty two (52) बावन (५२) bāvan
Fifty three (53) तिरेपन (५३) tirēpan
Fifty four (54) चउवन(५४) chauban
Fifty five (55) पचपन (५५) pachapan
Fifty six (56) छप्पन (५६) chappan
Fifty seven (57) सत्तावन (५७) sattāvan
Fifty eight (58) अट्ठावन (५८) aṭṭhāvan
Fifty nine (59) उनसठ (५९) unasaṭh
Sixty (60) साठ (६०) sāṭh
Sixty one (61) इकसठ (६१) ikasaṭh
Sixty two (62) बासठ (६२) bāsaṭh
Sixty three (63) तिरेसठ (६३) tirasaṭh
Sixty four (64) चौंसठ (६४) chauṃsaṭh
Sixty five (65) पैंसठ (६५) paiṃsaṭh
Sixty six (66) छियासठ (६६) chiyāsaṭh
Sixty seven (67) सड़सठ (६७) saṛasaṭh
Sixty eight (68) अड़सठ (६८) aṛasaṭh
Sixty nine (69) उनहत्तर (६९) unahattar
Seventy (70) सत्तर (७०) sattar
Seventy one (71) इकहत्तर (७१) ikahattar
Seventy two (72) बहत्तर (७२) bahattar
Seventy three (73) तिहत्तर (७३) tihattar
Seventy four (74) चौहत्तर (७४) chauhattar
Seventy five (75) पचहत्तर (७५) pachahattar
Seventy six (76) छिहत्तर (७६) chihattar
Seventy seven (77) सतहत्तर (७७) satahattar
Seventy eight (78) अठहत्तर (७८) aṭhahattar
Seventy nine (79) उन्यासी (७९) unāsī
Eighty (80) अस्सी (८०) assī
Eighty one (81) इक्यासी (८१) ikyāsī
Eighty two (82) बयासी (८२) bayāsī
Eighty three (83) तेरासी (८३) tirāsī
Eighty four (84) चौरासी (८४) chaurāsī
Eighty five (85) पिच्चासी (८५) pachāsī
Eighty six (86) छियासी (८६) chiyāsī
Eighty seven (87) सतासी (८७) satāsī
Eighty eight (88) अठासी (८८) aṭhāsī
Eighty nine (89) नवासी (८९) navāsī
Ninety (90) नब्बे (९०) nabbē
Ninety one (91) इक्यानवे (९१) ikyānabē
Ninety two (92) बानवे (९२) bānavē
Ninety three (93) तिरानवे (९३) tirānavē
Ninety four (94) चौरानवे (९४) chaurānavē
Ninety five (95) पचानवे (९५) pachānavē
Ninety six (96) छियानवे (९६) chiyānavē
Ninety seven (97) सत्तानवे (९७) sattānavē
Ninety eight (98) अट्ठानवे (९८) aṭṭhānavē
Ninety nine (99) निन्यानवे (९९) ninyānavē
(One) hundred (100) (एक) सौ (१००) (ēka) sau

Once you have got through the numbers 1-100 the rest of the numbers are regular. For example if we need seven hundred sixty seven it will be सात सौ सड़सठ (sāta sau saṛasaṭha).

Another point to be noted in Hindi in case of cardinal numbers is that Hindi (and all other Indic languages) often use quantities like lakh and crore which are less common in English speaking countries. The opposite is true for quantities like million, billion (We are talking about the US billion which is 1 followed by 9 zeros, not the UK billion which is 1 followed by 12 zeros!), zillion etc. Let's roll on to bigger quantities now!

English Hindi Transliteration
Two hundred (200) दो सौ (२००) do sau
Five hundred (500) पांच सौ (५००) pāncha sau
One thousand (1000) एक हज़ार / एक सहस्र ēka hazāra
Five thousand (5000) पांच हज़ार pāṃca hazāra
Ten thousand (10,000) दस हज़ार dasa hazāra
Hundred thousand/One lakh (100,000) एक लाख ēka lākha
One million/Ten lakh (1,000,000) दस लाख dasa lākha
Ten million/One crore (10,000,000) एक करोड़ ēka karoṛa
Hundred million/Ten crore (100,000,000) दस करोड़ dasa karoṛa
One billion (1,000,000,000) एक अरब ēka araba
Hundred billion (100,000,000,000) एक खरब ēka kharaba

Ordinals[edit]

Hindi ordinals are a piece of cake once you are thorough with the cardinals. Only the first six ordinals are unique.

English Hindi Transliteration
First (1st) पहला/प्रथम (१ला/१म) pahalā/prathama
Second (2nd) दूसरा/द्वितीय (२रा/२य) dusarā/dvitīya
Third (3rd) तीसरा/तृतीय (३रा/३य) tisarā/tr̥tīya
Fourth (4th) चौथा/चतुर्थ (४था/४र्थ) cauthā/caturtha
Fifth (5th) पांचवां/पंचम (५वां/५म) pāṃcavāṃ/paṃcama
Sixth (6th) छठा/षष्ठ (६ठा/६ष्ठ) chaṭhā/ṣaṣṭha
Seventh (7th) सातवां/सप्तम (७वां/७म) sātavāṃ/saptama
Eighth (8th) आठवां/अष्टम (८वां/८म) āṭhavāṃ/aṣṭama
Ninth (9th) नौवां/नवम (९वां/९म) nauvāṃ/navama
Tenth (10th) दसवां/दशम (१०वां/१०म) dasavāṃ/daśama
Fourteenth (14th) चौदहवां (१४वां) caudahavāṃ
Seventy eighth (78th) अठहत्तरवां (७८वां) aṭhahattaravāṃ
Hundredth (100th) सौवां (१००वां) sauvāṃ


shunya ek do teen char panch chhah saat aath nao das gyaarh 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

As you would have noticed by now that in Hindi 'वां' acts just like 'th' in English which you can add to the end of cardinal numbers to form the corresponding ordinal numbers. If you're wondering about the irregularities of the second options, then let us just tell you that they are the Sanskrit ordinal numbers that are used often in Hindi. You just have to remember ten of them (for they sometimes appear in texts/speeches). After ten, any ordinal numbers you would encounter would be most likely in the general form of ordinal number+vāṃ

Note :- As we mentioned before that the Hindi cardinal numbers are not standardized and several variants exist for the same number. For example सड़सठ and सरसठ are both correct for representing sixty seven. All of these variant forms could be considered correct, however for maintaining uniformity throughout this wikibook we'd be using the forms that are mentioned in this text which is also advocated by the Central Hindi Directorate, Government of India, Ministry of Education and Social Welfare (BGMH, pp. 64-5)