Hindi/Family relations

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Family relation names in Hindi are very specific to the speaker. For example there are different names for your uncles such as your father's brother and your mother's brother. Since these vary a bit from place to place, the following are some standard examples. The listed words are the names that one would use to refer to a relative of a specified relation, not the generic word for an uncle for example. This is because there are often different words to express a maternal relation and a paternal one. The same occurs for elder family members vs younger ones.

Note the polite word जी (jii or ji) is often added as a suffix to names to denote respect. It is very common to use when referring to or especially addressing an elder, and sometimes for others depending on customs or the situation.

The transliteration from the devanagari is in ITRANS form, which allows for perfect transliteration, meaning accurate representation of the characters in a different script. Commonly if the transliterated form is written for casual usage, a simpler approximation is used, such as spelling the doubled vowels with just one and not bothering to use the correct capitalized forms to denote the retrolflex vs dental consonants. For example दादाजी would often be spelled dadaji instead of the more precise transliteration daadaajii, and similarly बेटी would often be written as beti instead of beTii. These simpler cases are ambiguous, but if the context is known, the correct spelling and pronunciation can be inferred.

Family relations[edit]

  • Son's wife (daughter-in-law) — (बहु, bahu)
  • Father — पिता (pitaa) or much less formally बाप (baap)
  • Mother — माता (maataa) or less formally माँ
  • Paternal Grandfather — दादा (daadaa)
  • Paternal Grandmother — दादी (dadi)
  • Maternal Grandfather — नाना (naanaa)
  • Maternal Grandmother — नानी sister in -law

— भाभी (bhabhi-ji)

  • Elder Brother — भैया (bhaiyaa) or दादा (daadaa) or (bhaisahib)
  • Younger Brother — छोटा भाई (Chota bhaii)
  • Sister — बहिन (bahin) or बहन (behen)
  • Sister's husband — बहनोई (bahanoii)
  • Elder Sister — दीदी (diidii) or जीजी (jiijii) or (behen-jif)
  • Brother In Law — जीजा (jija)
  • Younger Sister — छोटी बहिन (Choti behen)
  • Son — बेटा (beta) or पुत्र (putra)
  • Daughter — बेटी (betii) or पुत्री (putrii)
  • Daughter's husband (son-in-law) — दामाद (daamaad, also jamaii)
  • Grandson (son's son) — पोता (potaa)
  • Granddaughter (son's daughter) — पोती (potii)
  • Grandson (daughter's son) — नाती (naatii) or नवासा (navaasaa)or दोहिता (dohita)
  • Granddaughter (daughter's daughter) — नातिन (naatin) or नवासी (navaasii) or दोहिति (dohiti)
  • Husband — पति (pathi)
  • Wife — पत्नी (patnii)
  • Mother in Law — (saas)
  • Father in Law ——- Husband Father — (sasur)

Aunts and Uncles[edit]

  • Father's elder brother (uncle) — ताऊ (taauu) or ताया (taya)
  • Father's elder brother's wife (aunt) — ताई (tai)
  • Father's younger brother (uncle) — चाचा (chacha)
  • Father's younger brother's wife (aunt) — चाची (chachii)
  • Father's sister (aunt) — बुआ (bua) or फूफी (phuuphii)
  • Father's sister's husband फूफा (phupha)
  • Mother's brother — मामा (mama)or मामू (mamu)
  • Mother's brother's wife — मामी (mami) or माई (mai)
  • Mother's sister — मौसी (mausii) or ख़ाला (khala) comment: Khala is used in urdu dominated areas
  • Mother's sister's husband — मौसा (mausaa)
  • Brother's son (nephew) — भतीजा (bhatijaa)
  • Sister's son (nephew) — भान्जा (bhanja)
  • Brother's daughter (niece) — भतीजी (bhatiiji)
  • Sister's daughter (niece) — भान्जी (bhanji)
  • Husband's elder brother's daughter — jitotee (jitotee)
  • Husband's elder brother's son — jitot (jitot)
  • Husband's elder brother — Jeth
  • Husband's younger brother — Devar
  • Elder brother's wife — (bhabhi)or bhahujayi
  • younger brother's wife — (bahu),bhayo
  • wife's sister — (saali)
  • wife's brother — (saala)
  • wife's brother's wife — salhaj
  • husband's sister's husband — nandoi
  • Fianceé —-मंगेतर (mangéthar)
  • Wife's sister's husband — saadu
  • Husband's elder brother's wife— Jetani
  • Husband's younger brother's wife— Devarani
  • Mother's sister son's wife- Deur

Friends[edit]

  • Friend — मित्र (mitra) or दोस्त (dost)
  • Companion — साथी saathi
  • Female friend of a female — सहेली (sahelii)
  • Neighbour — पड़ोसी (pa.dhosii) or हमसाया (hamsaayaa)
  • Female neighbour — पड़ोsन (pa.dhosin)
  • Traveling companion — हमसफ़र humsafar
  • Pal, buddy, friend — यार yaar(mitr)

Teachers and Students[edit]

  • Teacher — गुरु (guru) or अध्यापक (adhyaapak)
  • Teacher (A female teacher) — अध्यापिका (adhyaapikaa)
  • Headmaster — हेडमास्टर (hedmaasTar) or प्रधानाचार्य (pradhaanaachaarya)
  • Student — छ।तृ(Chaatr) or विद्यार्थी (vidyaarthii)
  • Graduate — स्नातक (snaatak)

References[edit]

  • McGregor, R.S, ed. The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, Oxford university press. 1993
  • Snell, Rupert Teach yourself Hindi: A complete guide for beginners. Lincolnwood, IL : NTC Publishing Group, 1992. ISBN 0-8442-3863-5