Harmonica/Harmonica Layouts and Alternate Tunings

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Layout of diatonic harmonicas[edit]

Major Key of C/Crossharp key of G[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |C |E |G |C |E |G |C |E |G |C |
draw: |D |G |B |D |F |A |B |D |F |A |
       -----------------------------

Major Key of Db/Crossharp Key of Ab[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |Db|F |Ab|Db|F |Ab|Db|F |Ab|Db|
draw: |Eb|Ab|C |Eb|Gb|Bb|C |Eb|Gb|Bb|
       -----------------------------

Major Key of D/Crossharp Key of A[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |D |F#|A |D |F#|A |D |F#|A |D |
draw: |E |A |C#|E |G |B |C#|E |G |B |
       -----------------------------

Major Key of Eb/Crossharp Key of Bb[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |Eb|G |Bb|Eb|G |Bb|Eb|G| Bb|Eb|
draw: |F |Bb|D |F |Ab|C |D |F| Ab|C|
       -----------------------------

Major Key of E/Crossharp Key of B[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |E |G#|B |E |G#|B |E |G#|B |E |
draw: |F#|B |D#|F#|A |C#|D#|F#|A |C#|
       -----------------------------


Major Key of F/Crossharp Key of C[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |F |A |C |F |A |C |F |A |C |F |
draw: |G |C |E |G |Bb|D |E |G |Bb|D |
       -----------------------------

Major Key of F#/Crossharp Key of C#[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |F#|A#|C#|F#|A#|C#|F#|A#|C#|F#|
draw: |G#|C#|F |G#|B |D#|F |G#|B |D#|
       -----------------------------

Major Key of G/Crossharp Key of D[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |G |B |D |G |B |D |G |B |D |G |
draw: |A |D |F#|A |C |E |F#|A |C |E |
       -----------------------------

Major Key of Ab/Crossharp Key of Eb[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |Ab|C |Eb|Ab|C |Eb|Ab|C |Eb|Ab|
draw: |Bb|Eb|G |Bb|Db|F |G |Bb|Db|F |
       -----------------------------

Major Key of A/Crossharp Key of E[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |A |C#|E |A |C#|E |A |C#|E |A |
draw: |B |E |G#|B |D |F#|G#|B |D |F#|
       -----------------------------

Major Key of Bb/Crossharp Key of F[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |Bb|D |F |Bb|D |F |Bb|D |F |Bb|
draw: |C |F |A |C |Eb|G |A |C |Eb|G |
       -----------------------------

Major Key of B/Crossharp Key of F#[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |B |D#|F#|B |D#|F#|B |D#|F#|B |
draw: |C#|F#|A#|C#|E |G#|A#|C#|E |G#|
       -----------------------------

Layout of chromatic harmonicas[edit]

12-hole chromatic, key of C[edit]

        1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12
       -----------------------------------
blow: |C |E |G |C |C |E |G |C |C |E |G |C |  key out
draw: |d |f |a |b |d |f |a |b |d |f |a |b |
       -----------------------------------
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ----------------------------------- blow: |C#|F |G#|C#|C#|F |G#|C#|C#|F |G#|C#| key in draw: |d#|f#|a#|c |d#|f#|a#|c |d#|f#|a#|c | -----------------------------------

12-hole chromatic, key of G[edit]

        1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12
       -----------------------------------
blow: |G |B |D |G |G |B |D |G |G |B |D |G |  key out
draw: |a |c |e |f#|a |c |e |f#|a |c |e |f#|
       -----------------------------------
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ----------------------------------- blow: |G#|C |D#|G#|G#|C |D#|G#|G#|C |D#|G#| key in draw: |a#|c#|f |g |a#|c#|f |g |a#|c#|f |g | -----------------------------------

12-hole chromatic, key of F[edit]

        1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12
       -----------------------------------
blow: |F |A |C |F |F |A |C |F |F |A |C |F |  key out
draw: |G |Bb|D |E |G |Bb|D |E |G |Bb|D |E |
       -----------------------------------
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ----------------------------------- blow: |Gb|Bb|Db|Gb|Gb|Bb|Db|Gb|Gb|Bb|Db|Gb| key in draw: |ab|b |eb|f |ab|b |eb|f |ab|b |eb|f | -----------------------------------

12-hole chromatic, key of B[edit]

        1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12
       -----------------------------------
blow: |B |Eb|Gb|B |B |Eb|Gb|B |B |Eb|Gb|B |  key out
draw: |db|e |ab|bb|db|e |ab|bb|db|e |ab|bb|
       -----------------------------------
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ----------------------------------- blow: |C |E |G |C |C |E |G |C |C |E |G |C | key in draw: |d |f |a |b |d |f |a |b |d |f |a |b | -----------------------------------

Note: becomes Irish Tuning if the key position are switched

14-hole chromatic, key of C[edit]

       `1 `2  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12
       -----------------------------------------
blow: |G |C |C |E |G |C |C |E |G |C |C |E |G |C |  key out
draw: |a |b |d |f |a |b |d |f |a |b |d |f |a |b |
      ------------------------------------------
`1 `2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ----------------------------------------- blow: |G#|C#|C#|F |G#|C#|C#|F |G#|C#|C#|F |G#|C#| key in draw: |a#|c |d#|f#|a#|c |d#|f#|a#|c |d#|f#|a#|c | -----------------------------------------

16-hole chromatic, key of C[edit]

       `1 `2 `3 `4  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12
       -----------------------------------------------
blow: |C |E |G |C |C |E |G |C |C |E |G |C |C |E |G |C |  key out
draw: |d |f |a |b |d |f |a |b |d |f |a |b |d |f |a |b |
       -----------------------------------------------
`1 `2 `3 `4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ----------------------------------------------- blow: |C#|F |G#|C#|C#|F |G#|C#|C#|F |G#|C#|C#|F |G#|C#| key in draw: |d#|f#|a#|c |d#|f#|a#|c |d#|f#|a#|c |d#|f#|a#|c | -----------------------------------------------

Layout of alternate tuning, diatonic harmonicas, Key of C based[edit]

Country tune[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |C |E |G |C |E |G |C |E |G |C |
draw: |D |G |B |D |F#|A |B |D |F |A |
       -----------------------------

Natural Minor, Crossharp Key of G[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10
       -----------------------------
blow: |C |Eb|G |C |Eb|G |C |Eb|G |C |
draw: |D |G |Bb|D |F |A |Bb|D |F |A |
       -----------------------------

Harmonic Minor[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10
       -----------------------------
blow: |C |Eb|G |C |Eb|G |C |Eb|G |C |
draw: |D |G |B |D |F |Ab|B |D |F |Ab|
       -----------------------------

Melody Maker, Crossharp Key of G[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10
       -----------------------------
blow: |C |E |A |C |E |G |C |E |G |C |
draw: |D |G |B |D |F#|A |B |D |F#|A |
       -----------------------------

Melody Maker, Crossharp Key of C[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10
       -----------------------------
blow: |F |A |D |F |A |C |F |A |C |F |
draw: |G |C |E |G |B |D |E |G |B |D |
       -----------------------------

Augmented Spanish[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10
       -----------------------------
blow: |C |E |G#|C |E |G#|C |E |G#|C |
draw: |Eb|G |B |Eb|G |B |Eb|G |B |Eb|
       -----------------------------

Paddy Richter tuning (Brendan Power)[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |C |E |A |C |E |G |C |E |G |C |
draw: |D |G |B |D |F |A |B |D |F |A |
       -----------------------------

Spiral Tuning (Circular Tuning)[edit]

       1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10
       -----------------------------
blow: |C |E |G |B |D |F |A |C |E |G |
draw: |D |F |A |C |E |G |B |D |F |A |
       -----------------------------

Optimized Blues Tuning[edit]

               1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10
              ----------------------------------------
blow:         |Bb |Db |F  |Ab |Bb |Db |F  |Ab |Bb |Db |
1 drawbend:   |   |D  |   |A  |   |D  |   |A  |   |D  |
1/2 drawbend: |B  |Eb |Gb |Bb |B  |Eb |Gb |Bb |B  |Eb |
draw:         |C  |E  |G  |B  |C  |E  |G  |B  |C  |E  |
              ----------------------------------------

Layout of alternate tuning, chromatic harmonicas, Key of C based[edit]

Bebop tuning[edit]

       `1 `2 `3 `4  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12
       -----------------------------------------------
blow: |C |E |G |Bb|C |E |G |Bb|C |E |G |Bb|C |E |G |Bb|  key out
draw: |d |f |a |b |d |f |a |b |d |f |a |b |d |f |a |b |
       -----------------------------------------------
`1 `2 `3 `4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ----------------------------------------------- blow: |C#|F |G#|B |C#|F |G#|B |C#|F |G#|B |C#|F |G#|B | key in draw: |d#|f#|a#|c |d#|f#|a#|c |d#|f#|a#|c |d#|f#|a#|c | -----------------------------------------------

Classical tuning[edit]

       `1 `2 `3 `4  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12
       -----------------------------------------------
blow: |C |E |G |B |C |E |G |B |C |E |G |B |C |E |G |B |  key out
draw: |d |f |a |c |d |f |a |c |d |f |a |c |d |f |a |c |
       -----------------------------------------------
`1 `2 `3 `4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ----------------------------------------------- blow: |C#|F |G#|C |C#|F |G#|C |C#|F |G#|C |C#|F |G#|C | key in draw: |d#|f#|a#|c#|d#|f#|a#|c#|d#|f#|a#|c#|d#|f#|a#|c#| -----------------------------------------------

See also[edit]

Harmonica
Getting started: Why should I Play Harmonica? | Types of harmonica | Anatomy of a Harmonica | Harmonica Purchasing guide
Playing the harmonica: Basic Holding and Playing a Harmonica | Tablature | Basic Chords | Bending
Additional techniques: Advance Chords | Advance techniques | Self accompaniment
General harmonica theory: Chromatic Harmonica | Positions | Tremelo | Ensemble Playing | Music Style | Learning Songs | Improvising | Recording | Playing with Amp
Cleaning and maintainence: Basic Maintainence and Care | Advance Maintainence |Harmonica Modifications |Tuning
Appendices: Harmonica Layouts and Alternate Tunings| Harmonica Positions Chart | Blues | Writing Songs