HSC Geography/People and Economic Activity

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global economic activity[edit]

a description of the nature, spatial patterns and future directions of ONE economic activity in a global context. The economic activity selected can be from a wide range of activities such as wheat farming, hydroponics, viticulture, textiles, tourism, advertising, retailing, wholesaling, information technologies, financial and business services industries[edit]

  • factors explaining the nature, spatial patterns and future directions of the selected economic activity such as
    • biophysical: climate, soils, topography, site
    • ecological: sustainability and resource use
    • economic: competitive advantage, consumer demand, mobility of labor and capital
    • sociocultural: tradition, changing lifestyles, labor participation rates
    • organizational: ownership, decision making and control
    • technological: transportation, information transmission and flows, biotechnology
    • political: quotas, tariffs, compacts, agreements
  • the environmental, social and economic impacts of the economic activity such as pollution, resource depletion, labor exploitation, cultural integration, provision of infrastructure, job creation, transfer pricing.

Tourism as an Economic Activity[edit]

Nature of Tourism
 Defining Tourism
 Forms of Tourism
  International Tourism
  Domestic Tourism
The Global Pattern of Tourism
Factors Affecting Tourism
 The Biophysical and Built Environment
 Technological Change
 Social Influences
 Economic Factors
 Cultural Influences
 Political Influences
The Relationship Between Production and Consumption
 The Changing Nature of the Production Process
  Internationalization of Tourism
  Organizational Developments
  Changing Consumer Products and Markets
The Impacts of Changing Patterns of Consumption
 The Evolving Tourism Product
  Package Tours
  Small Group Tours
  Individual Travel
  Adventure Travel
  Cultural and Environmental Travel
  Rural Tourism
 Growing Market Diversity
Changes in Ownership, Decision-Making and Control
 Increasing the Scale of Production
 Horizontal and Vertical Integration
 Transnational Operations
 Data Gathering and Industry Support
Technological Change
 Consumer Choice
 Transport Technologies
  Aircraft
  Land Transport
  Sea Transport
  Keeping Track of People and Possessions
  Enhancing the Tourist's experience
Political and Economic Factors
 The Changing Political and Economic Environment
 The Nature of Government Involvement
  Tourism Promotion
  Facilitating Visitor Entry
  Transport Policy
  Regulation and Control
  General Economic Policy
Issues Surrounding the Future of Tourism as an Economic Activity
 Tourism and the Environment
 Social Impacts of Tourism
What of the Future?

local case study[edit]

  • a geographical study of an economic enterprise operating at a local scale. The business could be an individual enterprise, firm or company such as a family farm, a mine or mining corporation, a hotel, chain of hotels, heritage or tourist site. The case study should explore
    • the nature of the economic enterprise
    • locational factors
    • ecological dimensions including environmental constraints, climate, and human impacts on the environment such as pollution and ecological sustainability
    • internal and external linkages and flows of people, goods, services and ideas
    • effects of global changes in the economic activity on the enterprise.