GCSE Modern History/The Treaty of Versailles

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The Treaty of Versailles dealt with the defeated Germany.

War guilt[edit]

Germany had to agree that is was solely responsible for starting the war, and had to announce this publicly.

Reparations[edit]

It was agreed that Germany would have to pay reparations to pay back for the damage they had done to the Allies.

  • The exact amount of reparations, £6600 million, was agreed in 1921.
  • This was reduced by the Young Plan in 1929. If it was no they would not have finished paying until 1984.

Territories[edit]

The part of the treaty that dealt with territories was a complex one. The main points that were agreed were:

  • They lost large parts of land in Europe.
  • Their overseas colonies became mandates controlled by League of Nations. This meant that they were effectively controlled by Britain and France.
  • They could not unite with their former ally, Austria.

Armed forces[edit]

The following things were agreed:

  • The German army would be limited 100 000 men.
  • Conscription would be banned - all soldiers would have to be volunteers.
  • The army would have no tanks, submarines or aircraft
  • Their navy would be limited to 6 battleships.
  • No armed forces would be stationed in the Rhineland

League of Nations[edit]

The League of Nations would be set up amongst the allied countries to help maintain world peace. Germany, which was not considered a peaceful country at the time, would not be invited to join the League.