GCSE Modern History/The Treaty of Versailles

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The Treaty of Versailles dealt with the defeated Germany.

War guilt[edit]

Germany had to agree that is was solely responsible for starting the war, and had to announce this publicly.


It was agreed that Germany would have to pay reparations to pay back for the damage they had done to the Allies.

  • The exact amount of reparations, £6600 million, was agreed in 1921.
  • This was reduced by the Young Plan in 1929. If it was no they would not have finished paying until 1984.


The part of the treaty that dealt with territories was a complex one. The main points that were agreed were:

  • They lost large parts of land in Europe.
  • Their overseas colonies became mandates controlled by League of Nations. This meant that they were effectively controlled by Britain and France.
  • They could not unite with their former ally, Austria.

Armed forces[edit]

The following things were agreed:

  • The German army would be limited 100 000 men.
  • Conscription would be banned - all soldiers would have to be volunteers.
  • The army would have no tanks, submarines or aircraft
  • Their navy would be limited to 6 battleships.
  • No armed forces would be stationed in the Rhineland

League of Nations[edit]

The League of Nations would be set up amongst the allied countries to help maintain world peace. Germany, which was not considered a peaceful country at the time, would not be invited to join the League.