Flora of New York/Typhaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Xyridaceae

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Ammaryllidaceae & Asparagaceae
Flora of New York: Typhaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Xyridaceae
Juncaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Typhaceae[edit]

The Typhaceae (cattail or bullrush family) naturally contains the genus Typha, which was the sole genus until the APG III system added the genus Sparganium (bur-reeds) in 2009 by merging the similar family Sparganiaceae into Typhaceae.

Subfamily Sparganioideae[edit]

This genus was previously included alone in the family Sparganiaceae.

Typhaceaesubfam. Sparganioideae
Sparganium Bur-reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
Nutt. (1818)
American bur-reed,
American burreed

Rubanier d’Amérique
Native,
Secure
Sparganium americanum NRCS-2.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngBB-0163 Sparganium americanum.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
Unbranched bur-reed Native,
Secure
Sparganium.emersum.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSparganiumEmersum.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Large bur-reed,
Giant burreed
Native,
Secure
Sparganium eurycarpum 5474907.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
(Engelm.) Morong (1888)

S. lucidum Fernald & Eames
Branching bur-reed,
Branched burreed

Rubanier rameux
Native,
Vulnerable
BB-0162 Sparganium androcladum.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngBB-0164 Sparganium lucidum.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
Michx. (1803)

S. multipedunculatum
S. emersum var. angustifolium
S. emersum var. multipedunculatum
Narrowleaf bur-reed,
Narrow-leaved bur-reed,
Floating bur-reed

Rubanier à feuilles étroites
Native,
Vulnerable
BB-0170 Sparganium angustifolium.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngSparganium angustifolium2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
Floating bur-reed Native,
Vulnerable
Sparganium fluctuans 5499164.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Small bur-reed Native,
Threatened
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

Subfamily Typhoideae[edit]

Typhaceaesubfam. Typhoideae
Typha Cat-tail N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Typha latifolia  L.
1808. Typha elatior  Raf. nom. illeg.
1832. Typha crassa  Raf.
1900. T. latifolia ssp. eulatifolia Graebn.
1940. T. latifolia var. typica Rothm.
Broad-leaved cattail,
Common cattail

Quenouille à feuilles larges,
Massette à larges feuilles,
Typha à feuilles larges
Native,
Secure
Girona 009.JPG
Typha latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Typha angustifolia  L.
1949. Typha foveolata  Pobed.
1972. Typha pontica  V.M.Klokov & Krasnova
Narrow-leaved cattail

Quenouille à feuilles étroites,
Massette à feuilles étroites,
Typha à feuilles étroites
Native,
Introduced,
Note[1]
Typha angustifolia.jpeg
Typha angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-MN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
 Godr. (pro sp.)
[ T. angustifolia × T. latifolia ]

1844. Typha glauca  Godr.
1886. T. latifolia var. elongata Dudley
1924. T. angustifolia var. elongata Wiegand
Blue cattail,
Hybrid narrow-leaved cattail &
    broad-leaved cattail

Quenouille glauque
Introduced,
Invasive
Typha angustifolia3.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngTypha latifolia 7831.jpg
Typha × glauca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. Typha angustifolia is only native to salt marshes, but has spread elsewhere, probably along salted roadways.

Family Eriocaulaceae[edit]

The Eriocaulaceae (pipewort family).[1]

Subfamily Eriocauloideae[edit]

Eriocaulaceaesubfam. Eriocauloideae
Eriocaulon Pipewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Hill) Druce

1769. Cespa aquatica  Hill
1776. Eriocaulon septangulare  With.
1778. Nasmythia articulata  Hudson
1803. Eriocaulon pellucidum  Michx.
1833. Eriocaulon pumilum  Raf.
1835. Nasmythia septangularis  Mart.
1891. Eriocaulon articulatum  Morong
1909. Eriocaulon aquaticum  Druce
Sevenangle pipewort,
Seven-angled pipewort

Ériocaulon aquatique
Native,
Secure
Eriocaulon aquaticum 6884.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 B.L.Rob. 1903
Parker's pipewort,
Estuary pipewort

Ériocaulon de Parker
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
  1. Eriocaulaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Xyridaceae[edit]

The Xyridaceae (yellow-eyed grass family).[1]

Subfamily Xyridoideae[edit]

Xyridaceaesubfam. Xyridoideae
Xyris Yellow-eyed grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Ries (1892)
Northern yelloweyed grass,
Northern yellow-eyed grass

Xyris de montagne
Native,
Secure
Xyris montana BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


FNA 


Images, wsp
 Chapm. (1860)
var. difformis

Xyris elata Chapman
Bog yellow-eyed grass,
Carolina yellow-eyed grass,
Southern yellow-eyed grass

Xyris difforme
Native,
Likely secure
Xyris difformis NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngXyris difformis NRCS-2.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN


FNA 


Images, wsp
 Smith (1819)

Kotsjelottia flexuosa
Xyris bulbosa
Twisted yellow-eyed-grass Native,
Vulnerable
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N0


FNA 


Images, wsp
 Nash (1895)

X. caroliniana var. olneyi
X. congdonii Small
Small's yellow-eyed grass Native,
Threatened
Xyris smalliana.jpg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0


FNA 


Images, wsp
 E.P.Bicknell
ex L.M.Campb. (2011)
Bog yelloweyed grass Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN




Note [2]
Images, wsp
  1. Xyridaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. NYFA includes Xyris bracteicaulis as a newly described species, but NRCS lists it as a synonym of Xyris difformis.