Flora of New York/Typhaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Xyridaceae

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Iridales
Flora of New York: Typhaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Xyridaceae
Juncaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Typhaceae[edit]

The Typhaceae (cattail or bullrush family) naturally contains the genus Typha, which was the sole genus until the APG III system added the genus Sparganium (bur-reeds) in 2009 by merging the similar family Sparganiaceae into Typhaceae.

Subfamily Sparganioideae[edit]

This genus was previously included alone in the family Sparganiaceae.

Typhaceae – subfam. Sparganioideae
Sparganium Bur-reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
Nutt. (1818)
American bur-reed,
American burreed,
Rubanier d’Amérique
Native,
Secure
Sparganium americanum NRCS-2.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngBB-0163 Sparganium americanum.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Unbranched bur-reed Native,
Secure
Sparganium.emersum.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSparganiumEmersum.jpg
Nymap.svg





Images
Large bur-reed,
Giant burreed
Native,
Secure
Sparganium eurycarpum 5474907.jpg
Nymap.svg





Images
(Engelm.) Morong (1888)

 (=) S. lucidum Fernald & Eames 
Branching bur-reed,
Branched burreed,
Rubanier rameux
Native,
Vulnerable
BB-0162 Sparganium androcladum.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngBB-0164 Sparganium lucidum.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Michx. (1803)

 (=) S. multipedunculatum 
 (=) S. emersum var. angustifolium 
 (=) S. emersum var. multipedunculatum 
Narrowleaf bur-reed,
Narrow-leaved bur-reed,
Floating bur-reed,
Rubanier à feuilles étroites
Native,
Vulnerable
BB-0170 Sparganium angustifolium.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngSparganium angustifolium2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Floating bur-reed Native,
Vulnerable
Sparganium fluctuans 5499164.jpg
Nymap.svg





Images
Small bur-reed Native,
Threatened
Nymap.svg





Images

Subfamily Typhoideae[edit]

Typhaceae – subfam. Typhoideae
Typha Cat-tail N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Typha latifolia  L.
1808. Typha elatior  Raf. nom. illeg.
1832. Typha crassa  Raf.
1900. T. latifolia ssp. eulatifolia Graebn.
1940. T. latifolia var. typica Rothm.
Broad-leaved cattail,
Common cattail

Quenouille à feuilles larges,
Massette à larges feuilles,
Typha à feuilles larges
Native,
Secure
Girona 009.JPG
Typha latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 L.

1753. Typha angustifolia  L.
1949. Typha foveolata  Pobed.
1972. Typha pontica  V.M.Klokov & Krasnova
Narrow-leaved cattail

Quenouille à feuilles étroites,
Massette à feuilles étroites,
Typha à feuilles étroites
Native,
Introduced,
Note[1]
Typha angustifolia.jpeg
Typha angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-MN
WW
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 Godr. (pro sp.)
[ T. angustifolia × T. latifolia ]

1844. Typha glauca  Godr.
1886. T. latifolia var. elongata Dudley
1924. T. angustifolia var. elongata Wiegand
Blue cattail,
Hybrid narrow-leaved cattail &
    broad-leaved cattail

Quenouille glauque
Introduced,
Invasive
Typha angustifolia3.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngTypha latifolia 7831.jpg
Typha × glauca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X5
NRCS-NN
UW
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

Images
  1. Typha angustifolia is only native to salt marshes, but has spread elsewhere, probably along salted roadways.

Family Eriocaulaceae[edit]

The Eriocaulaceae (pipewort family).[1]

Subfamily Eriocauloideae[edit]

Eriocaulaceae – subfam. Eriocauloideae
Eriocaulon Pipewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Hill) Druce

1769. Cespa aquatica  Hill
1776. Eriocaulon septangulare  With.
1778. Nasmythia articulata  Hudson
1833. Eriocaulon pumilum  Raf.
1835. Nasmythia septangularis  Mart.
1891. Eriocaulon articulatum  Morong
1909. Eriocaulon aquaticum  Druce
Sevenangle pipewort,
Seven-angled pipewort,
Ériocaulon aquatique
Native,
Secure
Eriocaulon aquaticum 6884.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS


Images
 B.L.Rob. 1903
Parker's pipewort,
Estuary pipewort,
Ériocaulon de Parker
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-NN

ARS 
FNA 

Images
  1. Eriocaulaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Xyridaceae[edit]

The Xyridaceae (yellow-eyed grass family).[1]

Subfamily Xyridoideae[edit]

Xyridaceae – subfam. Xyridoideae
Xyris Yellow-eyed grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Ries (1892)
Northern yelloweyed grass,
Northern yellow-eyed grass,
Xyris de montagne
Native,
Secure
Xyris montana BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN


FNA 

Images
 Chapm. (1860)
var. difformis

 (=) Xyris elata Chapman 
Bog yellow-eyed grass,
Carolina yellow-eyed grass,
Xyris difforme
Native,
Likely secure
Xyris difformis NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngXyris difformis NRCS-2.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN


FNA 

Images
 Smith (1819)

 (=) Kotsjelottia flexuosa 
 (=) Xyris bulbosa 
Twisted yellow-eyed-grass Native,
Vulnerable
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-N0

ITIS
FNA 

Images
 Nash (1895)

 (=) X. caroliniana var. olneyi 
 (=) X. congdonii Small 
Small's yellow-eyed grass Native,
Threatened
Xyris smalliana.jpg
NYFA-2
NRCS-N0

ITIS
FNA 

Images
 E.P.Bicknell
ex L.M.Campb. (2011)
Bog yelloweyed grass Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN




Note [2]
Images
  1. Xyridaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. NYFA includes Xyris bracteicaulis as a newly described species, but NRCS lists it as a synonym of Xyris difformis.