Flora of New York/Orchidales

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Nartheciales, Dioscoreales, Liliales
Flora of New York: Orchidales
Iridales, Typhales, Xyridales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Orchidaceae[edit]

The Orchidaceae (orchid family) has about 20 genera with close to 70 taxa growing outside of cultivation in New York.[1]

Subfamily Vanilloideae[edit]

Tribe Pogonieae[edit]

Orchidaceae – subfam. Vanilloideae
Pogonia Pogonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Ker Gawl. (1816)

 (=) Arethusa ophioglossoides L. 
Rose pogonia,
Snakemouth orchid,
Pogonie langue-de-serpent
Native,
Likely secure
Pogonia ophioglossoides Orchi 25.jpg
Pogonia ophioglossoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
Isotria Fiveleaf orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Muhl. ex Willd.) Raf. (1808)

 (=) Arethusa verticillata 
 (=) Pogonia verticillata 
Large whorled pogonia Native,
Vulnerable
Isotria verticillata.jpg
Isotria verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN
DEC-4[2]




Images
 (Pursh) Raf.
 (=) Arethusa medeoloides  
 (=) Pogonia affinis 
Small whorled pogonia Native,
Endangered
Isotria medeoloides NRCS-1.jpg
Isotria medeoloides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN
DEC-1[3]




Images

Subfamily Cypripedioideae[edit]

Orchidaceae – subfam. Cypripedioideae
Cypripedium Lady's-slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Aiton (1789)

 (=) Fissipes acaulis (Aiton) Small 
Moccasin flower,
Pink lady's-slipper,
Pink moccasin-flower,
Small pink lady’s-slipper,
Stemless lady’s-slipper
Native,
Likely secure
Pinkslipper.jpg
Cypripedium acaule NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
 Salisb.
var. makasin
Northern yellow lady's slipper,
Greater yellow lady's slipper
Native,
Likely secure
Cypripedium parviflorum Orchi 010.jpg
NYFA-4




Images
var. pubescens
Greater yellow lady's slipper,
Large yellow lady's slipper
Native,
Vulnerable
Cypripedium parviflorum Orchi 006.jpg
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN




Images
var. parviflorum
Small yellow lady's-slipper Native,
Endangered
Bunch of yellow lady slippers.jpg
NYFA-Z




Images
 Walter
Showy lady's-slipper Native,
Vulnerable
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN




Images
 W.T.Aiton
Ram's head lady's slipper Native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN




Images
 Muhl. ex Willd.
Small white lady's slipper,
White lady's slipper
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
 A.M.Fuller
[ candidum × parviflorum ]
Lady's slipper Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images

Subfamily Epidendroideae[edit]

The Epidendroideae.

Tribe Neottieae[edit]

Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Neottieae
Listera Twayblade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) R.Br.
var. cordata
Broadlipped twayblade,
Heart-leaved twayblade
Native,
Vulnerable
Listera cordata - Flickr 003.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngListera cordata 1044.JPG
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN




Images
 Lindl.

 (=) Neottia australis 
 (=) Ophrys australis 
Southern twayblade Native,
Endangered
Listera australis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1-2
NRCS-NN




Images
 Wiegand

 (=) Neottia auriculata 
 (=) Ophrys auriculata 
Auricled twayblade Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
(Sw.) Nutt. ex Elliott
Broad-leaved twayblade Native,
Endangered
Listeraconvallarioides.jpg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
Epipactis Helleborine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) Crantz
Broad-leaved helleborine,
Eastern helleborine
Introduced
Epipactis helleborine 250606.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ITIS
FNA 

Images
 (L.) Crantz
Marsh orchid Introduced,
Impersistent
Epipactis palustris 003.JPG
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-00

ITIS


Images

Tribe Triphoreae[edit]

Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Triphoreae
Triphora Noddingcaps N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. trianthophora
Nodding pogonia,
Threebirds
Native,
Threatened
Triphora trianthophora - N.L.Britton, Man. Fl. N. States.jpg
Triphora trianthophora ssp trianthophora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN




Images

Tribe Arethuseae[edit]

Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Arethuseae
Calopogon Grass pink N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
var. tuberosus
Tuberous grass-pink Native,
Likely secure
Calopogon tuberosus - Flickr 003.jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
Arethusa Dragon's mouth N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Dragon's mouth,
Swamp pink
Native,
Threatened
Arethusa bulbosa, Waterloo, Mich.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngDragon's mouth Orchid, Western Pond.jpg
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN




Images

Tribe Malaxideae[edit]

Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Malaxideae
Liparis Wide-lip orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Loesel's twayblade,
Fen orchid
Native,
Likely secure
Liparis loeselii detail.jpeg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
Brown widelip orchid,
Lily-leaved twayblade,
Large twayblade,
Mauve sleekwort
Native,
Endangered
Liparis liliifolia - Flickr 003 (1).jpg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
Malaxis Adder's-mouth orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (L.) Sw.
var. brachypoda

 (=) Malaxis brachypoda 
White adder's-mouth orchid,
North American white adder’s-mouth
Native,
Likely secure
Malaxis monophyllos plant270603.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngMalaxis monophyllos flowers280603.jpg

NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
 Michx.
Green adder's-mouth Native,
Likely secure
Malaxis unifolia (as Microstylis ophioglossoides) - Edwards vol 15 pl 1290 (1829).jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
 Fernald
Bayard's adder's-mouth orchid,
Bayard’s malaxis
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images

Tribe Maxillarieae[edit]

Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Maxillarieae
Corallorhiza Coral root N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 (Raf.) Raf.
var. maculata

 (=) Corallorhiza multiflora 
Spotted coralroot,
Summer coralroot
Native,
Likely secure
Corallorhiza maculata 0897.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngCorallorhiza maculata 0905.JPG
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
Northern coral-root Native,
Likely secure
Corallorrhiza trifida 02 mg-k.jpg
NYFA-4




Images
var. odontorhiza
Autumn coralroot Native,
Likely secure
Corallorhiza odontorhiza BB-1913.png
NYFA-4




Images
var. pringlei
Autumn coralroot Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z




Images
var. striata
Striped coral-root Native,
Endangered
Corallorhiza striata 5-eheep (5098054996).jpg
NYFA-1




Images
Aplectrum Adam and Eve N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt. (1818)

 (=) Cymbidium hyemale Muhl. ex Willd. 
Adam and Eve,
Putty root
Native,
Endangered
Aplectrum hyemale leaf closeup.JPG
NYFA-1

ITIS
FNA 

Images

Tribe Calypsoeae[edit]

Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Calypsoeae
Calypso Fairy slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Oakes
var. americana (R.Br.) Luer

 (=) Cytherea bulbosa (L.) House p.p. 
Fairy slipper Native,
Endangered
Calypso bulbosa - Flickr 005.jpg
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN




Images
Tipularia Tipularia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Pursh) Nutt.
Cranefly orchid,
Crippled cranefly
Native,
Endangered
Cranefly orchid.JPG
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0




Images

Subfamily Orchidoideae[edit]

Tribe Orchideae[edit]

Genus Coeloglossum[edit]
Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus Coeloglossum
Coeloglossum Frog orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Hartm.

 (=) Dactylorhiza viridis 
Longbract frog orchid,
Long-bract green orchis
Native,
Likely secure
Epipactis.jjd.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngFrog Orchid (Dactylorhiza viridis) - geograph.org.uk - 1362799.jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
Genus Galearis[edit]
Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus Galearis
GalearisRaf. Galearis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Raf.

1753. Orchis spectabilis  L.
1826. Habenaria spectabilis  Spreng.
1833. Galearis spectabilis  Raf.
1901. Galeorchis spectabilis  Rydb.
Showy orchid,
Showy orchis
Native,
Likely secure
Showy Orchis (4750581627).jpg
Galearis spectabilis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

Images
Amerorchis Amerorchis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Banks ex Pursh) Hultén

1814. Orchis rotundifolia  Banks ex Pursh
1966. Ponerorchis rotundifolia  Soó
1968. Amerorchis rotundifolia  Hultén
2009. Galearis rotundifolia  R.M.Bateman
Round-leaved orchis Native,
Likely extirpated
Amerorchis rotundifolia.jpg
Amerorchis rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN

ITIS
FNA 

Images
Genus Platanthera[edit]
Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus Platanthera
Platanthera Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 Sheviak
Northern green orchid Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
var. blephariglottis
White fringed orchis Native,
Likely secure
White fringed orchid.jpg
NYFA-4




Images
Small green woodland orchid Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4




Images
var. dilatata
Bog-candle,
White bog-orchid
Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4




Images
var. herbiola
Pale green orchid Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4




Images
Large purple fringed orchis,
Greater purple fringed orchid
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera grandiflora.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera grandiflora (as Habenaria fimbriata) - Bot. Reg. 5 pl.405 (1819).jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
Yellow fringed orchid Native,
Endangered
Platanthera ciliaris FWS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera ciliaris - Flickr 003.jpg
NYFA-1




Images
Yellow crested orchis Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1




Images
Hooker's orchid Native





Images
Huron green orchid Native





Images
Green fringed orchis Native





Images
Eastern prairie white fringed orchid Native





Images
Greater round-leaved orchid Native





Images
Small northern bog-orchid Native





Images
Large round-leaved orchid Native





Images
Lesser purple fringed orchid Native





Images
Native





Images
Native





Images
Native





Images
Native





Images

Tribe Cranichideae[edit]

Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Cranichideae
Goodyera Rattlesnake plantain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Willd.) R.Br.
Downy rattlesnake-plantain Native,
Likely secure
Goodyera pubescens - Flickr 003.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSmall white orchid blossoms on stems growing from basal leaf plants.jpg
NYFA-4-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 (L.) R.Br.
Dwarf rattlesnake-plantain,
Lesser rattlesnake-plantain
Native,
Likely secure
Goodyera-repens-mgk1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngGoodyera-repens-mgk6.jpg
Goodyera repens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 Lodd.
Checkered rattlesnake plantain Native,
Likely secure
Goodyera tesselata BB-1913.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
Spiranthes Ladies' tresses N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
var. casei
Case's ladies'-tresses Native





Images
Nodding ladies'-tresses Native





Images
var. gracilis
Southern slender ladies'-tresses Native





Images
var. lacera
Northern slender ladies'-tresses Native





Images
Shining ladies'-tresses,
Wide-leaved ladies'-tresses
Native





Images
Yellow nodding ladies'-tresses Native





Images
Hooded ladies'-tresses Native





Images
Little ladies'-tresses Native





Images
Twisted ladies'-tresses Native





Images

Family Hypoxidaceae[edit]

The Hypoxidaceae[1]

Hypoxidaceae
Hypoxis Star grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Coville
Common goldstar,
Eastern yellow stargrass
Native,
Secure
Hypoxis villosa (hirsuta) - Common star-grass DSC07948 C.JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
  1. Hypoxidaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.