Flora of New York/Orchidaceae & Hypoxidaceae

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Dioscoreales & Liliales
Flora of New York: Orchidaceae & Hypoxidaceae
Iridaceae & Xanthorrhoeaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Orchidaceae[edit]

The Orchidaceae (orchid family) has about 20 genera with close to 70 taxa growing outside of cultivation in New York.[1]

Subfamily Vanilloideae[edit]

Tribe Pogonieae[edit]

Orchidaceaesubfam. Vanilloideaetribe Pogonieae
Pogonia Pogonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Ker Gawl. (1816)

Arethusa ophioglossoides L.
Rose pogonia,
Snakemouth orchid
Native,
Likely secure
Pogonia ophioglossoides Orchi 25.jpg
Pogonia ophioglossoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
Isotria Fiveleaf orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Muhl. ex Willd.) Raf. (1808)

Arethusa verticillata
Pogonia verticillata
Large whorled pogonia Native,
Vulnerable
Isotria verticillata.jpg
Isotria verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (Pursh) Raf.

Arethusa medeoloides
Pogonia affinis
Small whorled pogonia Native,
Endangered
Isotria medeoloides NRCS-1.jpg
Isotria medeoloides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
  1. Orchidaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Subfamily Cypripedioideae[edit]

Orchidaceaesubfam. Cypripedioideaegenus Cypripedium
Cypripedium Lady's-slipper (pink) N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Aiton

1789. Cypripedium acaule  Aiton
1789. Fissipes acaulis  (Aiton) Small
Pink lady's-slipper,
Moccasin flower,
Stemless lady’s-slipper

Cypripède acaule,
Cypripède rose,
Sabot de la Vierge
Native,
Likely secure
Cypripedium acaule 5473494.jpg
Cypripedium acaule nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Walter
Showy lady's-slipper Native,
Vulnerable
Cypripedium reginae MLA.jpg
Cypripedium reginae nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 


BNA 

Images, wsp
 W.T.Aiton
Ram's head lady's slipper Native,
Threatened
Ram's-Head Lady's-Slipper (Cypripedium arietinum).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 


BNA 

Images, wsp
Cypripedium Lady's-slipper (yellow) N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Salisb.
var. makasin (Farw.) Sheviak

1918. C. pubescens var. makasin Farw.
1993. C. parviflorum var. makasin Sheviak
Northern yellow lady's slipper,
Greater yellow lady's slipper,
Small yellow lady's slipper

Cypripède mocassin
Native,
Likely secure
Cypripedium parviflorum Orchi 010.jpg
Cypripedium parviflorum var makasin nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Salisb.
var. pubescens (Willd.) O.W.Knight

1804. Cypripedium pubescens  Willd.
1906. C. parviflorum var. pubescens O.W.Knight
1938. C. calceolus var. pubescens Correll
Greater yellow lady's slipper,
Large yellow lady's slipper
Native,
Vulnerable
Cypripedium pubescens MLA.jpg
Cypripedium parviflorum var pubescens nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 


NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Salisb.
var. parviflorum

1791. Cypripedium parviflorum  Salisb.
1946. C. calceolus var. parviflorum Fernald
1968. C. calceolus ssp. parviflorum Hultén
Small yellow lady's-slipper Native,
Endangered
Cypripedium calceolus var parviflorum 15-eheep (5098056750).jpg
Cypripedium parviflorum var parviflorum nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NEW 

FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Willd.
Small white lady's slipper,
White lady's slipper
Native,
Endangered
Cypripedium candidum 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN



BNA 

Images, wsp
 A.M.Fuller

Cypripedium candidum ×
Cypripedium parviflorum
Hybrid lady's slipper Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Subfamily Epidendroideae[edit]

The Epidendroideae.

Tribe Neottieae[edit]

Orchidaceaesubfam. Epidendroideaetribe Neottieae
NeottiaGuett. 1750 Twayblade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Rich.

1753. Ophrys cordata  L.
1813. Listera cordata  (L.) R.Br.
1818. Neottia cordata  (L.) Rich.
1825. Distomaea cordata  (L.) Spenner
1867. Pollinirhiza cordata  (L.) Dulac
1891. Diphryllum cordatum  (L.) Kuntze
Broadlipped twayblade,
Heart-leaved twayblade

Listère à feuilles cordées,
Listère à feuilles en coeur
Native,
Vulnerable
Listera cordata - Flickr 003.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngListera cordata 1044.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Raf.) Baumbach

1840. Listera australis  Lindl.
1852. Neottia australis  (Lindl.) Rchb.f.
1891. Diphryllum australe  Kuntze
1905. Ophrys australis  (Lindl.) House
1913. Bifolium australe  (Lindl.) Nieuwl.
2009. Neottia bifolia  (Raf.) Baumbach
Southern twayblade

Listère australe
Native,
Endangered
Neottia bifolia (as Ophrys australis) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Wiegand) Szlach.

1899. Listera auriculata  Wiegand
1905. Ophrys auriculata  House
1913. Bifolium auriculatum  Nieuwl.
1995. Neottia auriculata  Szlach.
Auricled twayblade

Listère auriculée
Native,
Endangered
Neottia auriculata (as Ophrys auriculata) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.

IPN
Images, wsp
 (Sw.) Rich.

1800. Epipactis convallarioides  Sw.
1817. Neottia convallarioides  Rich.
1818. Listera convallarioides  Nutt.
1823. Listera convallarioides  Nutt. ex Elliott
1905. Ophrys convallarioides  W.Wight ex House
1828. Listera eschscholziana  Cham. & Schltdl.
1840. Neottia eschscholziana  Steud.
Broad-leaved twayblade,
Broad-lip twayblade

Listère faux-muguet
Native,
Endangered
Listeraconvallarioides.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Case) Baumbach

Neottia auriculata ×
Neottia convallarioides

1964. Listera × veltmanii  Case
2009. Neottia × veltmanii   Baumbach
Veltman's twayblade,
Veltman's listera,
Hybrid of
 Auricled twayblade &
 Broad-leaved twayblade

Listère de Veltman
Native,
No reports

Perennial
Nymap.svg

USDA-NN]
NEW Can
ITIS



Images, wsp
Epipactis Helleborine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) Crantz
Broad-leaved helleborine,
Eastern helleborine
Introduced
Epipactis helleborine 250606.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 (L.) Crantz
Marsh orchid Introduced,
Impersistent
Epipactis palustris 003.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-00

ITIS



Images, wsp

Tribe Triphoreae[edit]

Orchidaceaesubfam. Epidendroideaetribe Triphoreae
Triphora Noddingcaps N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. trianthophora
Nodding pogonia,
Threebirds
Native,
Threatened
Triphora trianthophora - N.L.Britton, Man. Fl. N. States.jpg
Triphora trianthophora ssp trianthophora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Tribe Arethuseae[edit]

Orchidaceaesubfam. Epidendroideaetribe Arethuseae
Calopogon Grass pink N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
var. tuberosus
Tuberous grass-pink Native,
Likely secure
Calopogon tuberosus - Flickr 003.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Arethusa Dragon's mouth N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Dragon's mouth,
Swamp pink
Native,
Threatened
Arethusa bulbosa, Waterloo, Mich.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngDragon's mouth Orchid, Western Pond.jpg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Tribe Malaxideae[edit]

Orchidaceaesubfam. Epidendroideaetribe Malaxideae
Liparis Wide-lip orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Loesel's twayblade,
Fen orchid
Native,
Likely secure
Liparis loeselii detail.jpeg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Brown widelip orchid,
Lily-leaved twayblade
Native,
Endangered
Liparis liliifolia - Flickr 003 (1).jpg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Malaxis Adder's-mouth orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (L.) Sw.
var. brachypoda

Malaxis brachypoda
White adder's-mouth orchid,
North American white adder’s-mouth
Native,
Likely secure
Malaxis monophyllos plant270603.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngMalaxis monophyllos flowers280603.jpg

USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
 Michx.
Green adder's-mouth Native,
Likely secure
Malaxis unifolia (as Microstylis ophioglossoides) - Edwards vol 15 pl 1290 (1829).jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Fernald
Bayard's adder's-mouth orchid,
Bayard’s malaxis
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Tribe Maxillarieae[edit]

Orchidaceaesubfam. Epidendroideaetribe Maxillarieae
Corallorhiza Coral root N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 (Raf.) Raf.
var. maculata

Corallorhiza multiflora
Spotted coralroot,
Summer coralroot
Native,
Likely secure
Corallorhiza maculata 0897.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngCorallorhiza maculata 0905.JPG
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Early coralroot,
Northern coral-root
Native,
Likely secure
Corallorrhiza trifida 02 mg-k.jpg
NYFA-4





Images, wsp
var. odontorhiza
Autumn coralroot Native,
Likely secure
Corallorhiza odontorhiza BB-1913.png
NYFA-4





Images, wsp
var. pringlei
Autumn coralroot Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z





Images, wsp
var. striata
Striped coral-root Native,
Endangered
Corallorhiza striata 5-eheep (5098054996).jpg
NYFA-1





Images, wsp
Aplectrum Adam and Eve N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt. (1818)

Cymbidium hyemale Muhl. ex Willd.
Adam and Eve,
Putty root
Native,
Endangered
Aplectrum hyemale leaf closeup.JPG
NYFA-1

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp

Tribe Calypsoeae[edit]

Orchidaceaesubfam. Epidendroideaetribe Calypsoeae
Calypso Fairy slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Oakes
var. americana (R.Br.) Luer

Cytherea bulbosa (L.) House p.p.
Fairy slipper Native,
Endangered
Calypso bulbosa - Flickr 005.jpg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Tipularia Tipularia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Pursh) Nutt.
Cranefly orchid,
Crippled cranefly
Native,
Endangered
Cranefly orchid.JPG
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp

Subfamily Orchidoideae[edit]

Tribe Orchideae[edit]

Genus Coeloglossum[edit]
Orchidaceaesubfam. Orchidoideaetribe Orchideaegenus Coeloglossum
Coeloglossum Frog orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Hartm.

Dactylorhiza viridis
Longbract frog orchid,
Long-bract green orchis
Native,
Likely secure
Epipactis.jjd.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngFrog Orchid (Dactylorhiza viridis) - geograph.org.uk - 1362799.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Galearis[edit]
Orchidaceaesubfam. Orchidoideaetribe Orchideaegenus Galearis
GalearisRaf. Galearis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Raf.

1753. Orchis spectabilis  L.
1826. Habenaria spectabilis  Spreng.
1833. Galearis spectabilis  Raf.
1901. Galeorchis spectabilis  Rydb.
Showy orchid,
Showy orchis
Native,
Likely secure
Showy Orchis (4750581627).jpg
Galearis spectabilis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Amerorchis Amerorchis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Banks ex Pursh) Hultén

1814. Orchis rotundifolia  Banks ex Pursh
1966. Ponerorchis rotundifolia  Soó
1968. Amerorchis rotundifolia  Hultén
2009. Galearis rotundifolia  R.M.Bateman
Round-leaved orchis Native,
Likely extirpated
Amerorchis rotundifolia.jpg
Amerorchis rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Genus Platanthera[edit]

The grouping used here for the Platanthera species is based primarily on Charles L. Argue (2012) The Pollination Biology of North American Orchids: Volume 1. pp. 81-179.

Platanthera: Limnorchis group[edit]
Orchidaceaesubfam. Orchidoideaetribe Orchideaegenus PlatantheraLimnorchis group
PlatantheraLimnorchis group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 Sheviak

1753. Orchis hyperborea  L. s.l.p.p.
1813. Habenaria hyperborea  (L.) R.Br. s.l.p.p.
1835. Platanthera hyperborea  (L.) Lindl. s.l.p.p.
1900. Limnorchis hyperborea  (L.) Rydb. s.l.p.p.
1999. Platanthera aquilonis  Sheviak
2008. Limnorchis aquilonis  Rebrist. & Elven
Northern green orchid,
Tall northern green orchid,
North wind bog-orchid,
Eagle rein orchid,
Sheviak's bog orchid

Platanthère du Nord
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Platanthera aquilonis 1216011.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera aquilonis 1216010.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
var. dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex L.C.Beck

1814. Orchis dilatata  Pursh
1825. Habenaria dilatata  (Pursh) Hook.
1833. Platanthera dilatata  Lindl. ex L.C.Beck
1839. P. dilatata var. angustifolia Hook.
1901. Limnorchis dilatata  (Pursh) Rydb.
Bog-candle,
Scent-bottle,
White bog-orchid,
White northern bog-orchid,
Tall white bog orchid

Platanthère dilatée
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Platanthera dilatata - Flickr 003.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngTall White Northern Bog Orchid (3818287656).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.

IPN
Images, wsp
 (Nutt.) Lindl.

1818. Orchis huronensis  Nutt.
1826. Platanthera huronensis  (Nutt.) Spreng.
1835. Habenaria huronensis  (Nutt.) Lindl.
1901. Limnorchis × media  Rydb.
1904. Habenaria × media  (Rydb.) G.G.Niles
1923. H. hyperborea var. huronensis Farw.
1975. Platanthera × media  (Rydb.) Luer
1975. P. hyperborea var. huronensis Luer
Huron green orchid,
Lake Huron green orchid,
Lake Huron green bog-orchid,
Fragrant green orchid,
Intermediate bog orchid,
Northern green bog orchid

Platanthère du lac Huron
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera huronensis - Flickr 003 (1).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatantherahuronensis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Platanthera aquilonis × dilatata

Platanthera aquilonis ×
Platanthera dilatata
Hybrid of
 Northern green orchid &
 Bog-candle
Native,
Not reported

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D





Images, wsp
Platanthera dilatata × huronensis

Platanthera dilatata ×
Platanthera huronensis
Hybrid of
 Bog-candle &
 Huron green orchid
Native,
Not reported

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D





Images, wsp
Platanthera: Flava group[edit]
Orchidaceaesubfam. Orchidoideaetribe Orchideaegenus PlatantheraFlava group
PlatantheraFlava group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 (L.) Lindl.
var. herbiola (R.Br.) Luer

1813. Habenaria herbiola  R.Br.
1943. Habenaria flava
   var.
herbiola (R.Br.) Ames & Correll
1975. Platanthera flava
   var.
herbiola (R.Br.) Luer
Palegreen orchid,
Pale green orchid,
Northern tubercled bog-orchid
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera flava var herbiola 1003081 2x3.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera flava var herbiola 1003083 2x3.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Platanthera: Platanthera group[edit]

Platanthera obtusata is pollinated by mosquitoes.[1]

Orchidaceaesubfam. Orchidoideaetribe Orchideaegenus PlatantheraPlatanthera group
PlatantheraPlatanthera group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 (Pursh) Lindl.

1814. Orchis orbiculata  Pursh
1826. Habenaria orbiculata  (Pursh) Torr.
1835. Platanthera menziesii  Lindl.
1835. Platanthera orbiculata  (Pursh) Lindl.
1901. Lysias orbiculata  (Pursh) Rydb.
1950. H. orbiculata var. lehorsii Fernald
1950. H. orbiculata var. menziesii Fernald
1977. P. orbiculata var. lehorsii W.J.Schrenk
Large round-leaved orchid,
Lesser roundleaved orchid,
Lesser roundleaved rein orchid,
Small roundleaved orchid

Platanthère à feuilles orbiculaires,
Habénaire à feuilles orbiculaires
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera orbiculata WFNY-035.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
(Goldie) P.M.Brown

1822. Habenaria macrophylla  Goldie
1906. Lysias macrophylla  (Goldie) House
1967. H. orbiculata var. macrophylla B.Boivin
1975. P. orbiculata var. macrophylla Luer
1988. Platanthera macrophylla  P.M.Brown
Greater round-leaved orchid,
Large-leaved bog-orchid,
Dinner plate orchid,
Goldie's round-leaved orchid

Platanthère à grandes feuilles,
Habénaire à grandes feuilles
Native,
Likely secure
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
(Banks ex Pursh) Lindl.

1814. Orchis obtusata  Banks ex Pursh
1823. Habenaria obtusata  Richardson
1835. Platanthera obtusata  Lindl.
1900. Lysiella obtusata  Rydb.
1926. H. obtusata var. collectanea Fernald
Small northern bog-orchid,
Blunt-leaved orchid,
Blunt-leaved bog-orchid,
One-leaved rein orchid

Platanthère à feuille obtuse,
Habénaire à feuille obtuse
Native,
Likely secure
One-leaf Rein Orchid Full (7833385264).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera obtusata - Flickr 003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Hooker's orchid Native,
Endangered
Platanthera hookeri 2-eheep (5098051558).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera hookeri 3-eheep (5098051574).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Platanthera: Lacera group[edit]
Orchidaceaesubfam. Orchidoideaetribe Orchideaegenus PlatantheraLacera group
PlatantheraLacera group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 (Bigelow) Lindl.
Large purple fringed orchis,
Greater purple fringed orchid
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera grandiflora.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera grandiflora (as Habenaria fimbriata) - Bot. Reg. 5 pl.405 (1819).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 (Michx.) G. Don
Green fringed bog-orchid,
Green fringed orchis
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera lacera habit.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 


Images, wsp
 (L.) Lindl.

1753. Orchis psycodes  L.
1835. Platanthera psycodes  (L.) Llindl.
Lesser purple fringed orchid,
Lesser purple fringed bog-orchid
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera psycodes.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 


Images, wsp
 (Nutt.) Lindl.

1835. Orchis leucophaea  Nutt.
1835. Platanthera leucophaea  Lindl.
1867. Habenaria leucophaea  A.Gray
Eastern prairie
  white fringed orchid,
Eastern prairie
  white fringed bog-orchid
Native,
Endangered
Platanthera leucophaea FWS 8252.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera leucophaea.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Platanthera lacera ×
Platanthera psycodes
Fringed orchid,
Hybrid of
 Green fringed orchis &
 Lesser purple fringed orchid
Native,
Not listed
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
P.M.Catling & Brownell

Platanthera lacera ×
Platanthera leucophaea
Fringed orchid,
Hybrid of
 Green fringed orchis &
 Eastern prairie
   white fringed orchid
Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-0N
Can
ITIS



Images, wsp
 P.M.Brown

Platanthera grandiflora ×
Platanthera lacera
Hybrid of
 Large purple fringed orchis &
 Green fringed bog-orchid
Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D
NEW 




Images, wsp
Platanthera: Blephariglottis group[edit]
Orchidaceaesubfam. Orchidoideaetribe Orchideaegenus PlatantheraBlephariglottis group
PlatantheraBlephariglottis group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
var. blephariglottis
White fringed orchis

Platanthère à gorge frangée,
Habénaire à gorge frangée,
Habénaire frangée blanche
Native,
Likely secure
White fringed orchid.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4


FNA 


Images, wsp
Small green woodland orchid Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera clavellata 5497991.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera clavellata 5499155.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4





Images, wsp
Yellow fringed orchid,
Orange fringed orchid
Native,
Endangered
Platanthera ciliaris FWS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera ciliaris - Flickr 003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1





Images, wsp
Yellow crested orchis Native,
Endangered
Orange yellow crested orchid platanthera cristata blossoms on stem.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngYellow crested orchid orange flower with dark background platanthera cristata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1





Images, wsp

Platanthera blephariglottis ×
Platanthera ciliaris
Fringed orchid,
Hybrid of
 White fringed orchid &
 Yellow fringed orchid
Native
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

Platanthera blephariglottis ×
Platanthera cristata
Fringed orchid,
Hybrid of
 White fringed orchid &
 Yellow crested orchis
Native
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
 F.W.Case

Platanthera blephariglottis ×
Platanthera clavellata
Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D





Images, wsp

Tribe Cranichideae[edit]

Genus Goodyera[edit]
Orchidaceaesubfam. Orchidoideaetribe Cranichideaegenus Goodyera
Goodyera Rattlesnake plantain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Willd.) R.Br.
Downy rattlesnake-plantain Native,
Likely secure
Goodyera pubescens - Flickr 003.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSmall white orchid blossoms on stems growing from basal leaf plants.jpg
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (L.) R.Br.
Dwarf rattlesnake-plantain,
Lesser rattlesnake-plantain
Native,
Likely secure
Goodyera-repens-mgk1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngGoodyera-repens-mgk6.jpg
Goodyera repens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Lodd.
Checkered rattlesnake plantain Native,
Likely secure
Goodyera tesselata BB-1913.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Raf.

(=) Goodyera oblongifolia  Raf.
Western rattlesnake plantain,
Giant rattlesnake plantain
Native,
Unranked
Goodyera oblongifolia 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D
NEW 




Images, wsp
Genus Spiranthes[edit]
Orchidaceaesubfam. Orchidoideaetribe Cranichideaegenus Spiranthes
Spiranthes Ladies' tresses N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 (H.H.Eaton) Ames

1832. Neottia lucida  H.H.Eaton
1833. Spiranthes plantaginea  (Raf.) Raf.
1905. Ibidium plantagineum  (Raf.) House
1908. Spiranthes lucida  (H.H.Eaton) Ames
Shining ladies'-tresses,
Wide-leaved ladies'-tresses

Spiranthe lustrée
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Spiranthes lucida (as Ibidium plantagineum) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Rydb.) Rydb.

1901. Gyrostachys ochroleuca  Rydb.
1905. S. cernua var. ochroleuca Ames
1932. Spiranthes ochroleuca  Rydb.
1941. Spiranthes × steigeri  Correll
Yellow nodding ladies'-tresses,
Yellow ladies'-tresses

Spiranthe jaunâtre
Native,
Secure
Spiranthes ochroleuca Orchi 02.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSpiranthes ochroleuca Orchi 06.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) Rich.

1753. Ophrys cernua  L.
1800. Neottia cernua  (L.) Willd.
1817. Spiranthes cernua  (L.) Rich.
1891. Gyrostachys cernua  (L.) Kuntze
1905. Ibidium cernuum  (L.) House
1913. Triorchis cernua  (L.) Nieuwl.
Nodding lady's tresses,
Nodding ladies'-tresses

Spiranthe penchée,
Spiranthe cernuée
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Spiranthes cernua0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Cham.

1828. Spiranthes romanzoffiana  Cham.
1900. Gyrostachys stricta  Rydb.
1905. Ibidium strictum  House
1909. Spiranthes stricta  A.Nelson
Hooded ladies'-tresses,
Irish lady's-tresses

Spiranthe de Romanzoff
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Spiranthes romanzoffiana NRCS-001.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSpiranthes romanzoffiana (as Ibidium strictum) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA 
IPN
Images, wsp
 (Raf.) Raf.
var. lacera

1818. Neottia lacera  Raf.
1833. Spiranthes lacera  Raf.
Northern slender ladies'-tresses,
Northern slender lady's tresses

Spiranthe découpée,
Spiranthe lacérée
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Spiranthes lacera var gracilis NRCS-001 2x3.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSpiranthes lacera var gracilis (as Ibidium beckii) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 (Raf.) Raf.
var. gracilis (Bigelow) Luer

1824. Neottia gracilis  Bigelow
1833. Spiranthes gracilis  (Bigelow) L.C.Beck
1840. Spiranthes beckii  Lindl.
1905. Ibidium gracile  (Bigelow) House
1906. Ibidium beckii  House
1975. S. lacera var. gracilis (Bigelow) Luer
Southern slender ladies'-tresses,
Slender lady's tresses

Spiranthe grêle,
Spiranthe gracile
Native,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Catling & Cruise
var. casei

1974. Spiranthes casei  Catling & Cruise
1981. S. casei var. casei Catling (autonym)
auct.. Spiranthes × intermedia non Ames
auct.. Spiranthes vernalis
   non Engelm & A.Gray
Case's ladies'-tresses

Spiranthe de Case
Native,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Raf.

1833. Spiranthes tuberosa  Raf.
1904. Spiranthes grayi  Ames
1867. Spiranthes simplex  A.Gray
1946. Spiranthes tuberosa
   var.
grayi (Ames) Fernald
Little ladies'-tresses,
Little lady's tresses

Spiranthe
Native,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Engelm. & A.Gray

1845. Spiranthes vernalis  Engelm. & A.Gray
1891. Gyrostachys vernalis  Kuntze
1905. Ibidium vernale  House
1908. Spiranthes sinensis  (Pers.) Ames
Twisted ladies'-tresses,
Spring ladies'-tresses,
Spring lady's tresses,
Upland ladiestresses

Spiranthe
Native,
Endangered

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Spiranthes vernalis-001.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSpiranthes vernalis (as Ibidium vernale) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Catling & Sheviak

Spiranthes lacera var. lacera ×
Spiranthes romanzoffiana
Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg



FNA 


Images, wsp
 P.M.Brown

Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis ×
Spiranthes tuberosa
Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
 Ames

Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis ×
Spiranthes vernalis
Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

Family Hypoxidaceae[edit]

The Hypoxidaceae[1]

Hypoxidaceae
Hypoxis Star grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Coville
Common goldstar,
Eastern yellow stargrass
Native,
Secure
Hypoxis villosa (hirsuta) - Common star-grass DSC07948 C.JPG
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
  1. Hypoxidaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.