Flora of New York/Dioscoreales & Liliales

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Potamogetonales
Flora of New York: Dioscoreales & Liliales
Orchidaceae & Hypoxidaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Dioscoreales[edit]

The order Dioscoreales contains only a few taxa that are native or naturalized in New York.

Family Nartheciaceae[edit]

The Nartheciaceae Fr. ex Bjurzon has also been placed in the order Nartheciales Reveal & Zomlefer, Novon 8: 176. 15 Jul 1998. It contains a single species that is native to New York.[1]

Nartheciaceae
Aletris Colic root N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Aletris farinosa  L.
Unicorn root,
White colicroot,
White stargrass,
White-tubed colicroot
Native,
Threatened
Aletris farinosa CBM-34.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngColic root flower.jpg
Aletris farinosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
  1. Nartheciaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Dioscoreaceae[edit]

The Dioscoreaceae (yam family).[1]

Subfamily Dioscoreoideae[edit]

Dioscoreaceaesubfam. Dioscoreoideae
Dioscorea Yam N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Yellow yam,
Wild yam,
Yam root,
Colic root
Native,
Secure
Wild yam in woods - young plants.jpg
Dioscorea villosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N





Images, wsp
 Turcz.

 auct. Dioscorea oppositifolia  non L.
1837. Dioscorea polystachya  Turcz.
1854. Dioscorea batatas  Decne.
Chinese yam,
Cinnamon vine,
Air potato
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 78%[2]
Dioscorea polystachya UGA1237002.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngDioscorea polystachya UGA2307129.jpg
Dioscorea polystachya nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW 




Images, wsp
  1. Dioscoreaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentDioscorea polystachya: High (78).

Order Liliales[edit]

The Liliales...

Family Colchicaceae[edit]

The Colchicaceae.[1]

Tribe Uvularieae[edit]

Genus Uvularia[edit]
Colchicaceaetribe Uvularieaegenus Uvularia
Uvularia Bellwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

1753. Uvularia sessilifolia  L.
1879. Oakesia sessilifolia  (L.) S.Watson
1903. Oakesiella sessilifolia  (L.) Small
Sessile-leaved bellwort,
Straw-lily,
Wild-oats

Uvulaire à feuilles sessiles
Native,
Secure
Uvularia sessilifolia 001.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Sm.

1804. Uvularia grandiflora  Sm.
Largeflower bellwort,
Large-flowered bellwort

Uvulaire grandiflore
Native,
Secure
Uvularia grandiflora1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE 
IPN
Images, wsp
 L.
Perfoliate bellwort,
Straw-bell
Native,
Secure
Uvularia perfoliata.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 


Images, wsp

1803. Uvularia puberula  Michx.
1879. Oakesia puberula  (Michx.) S.Watson
1903. Oakesiella puberula  (Michx.) Small
1939. Uvularia pudica  (Walter) Fernald
Mountain bellwort,
Pine barren bellwort
Native,
Endangered
Uvularia puberula BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0


FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
  1. Colchicaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Tribe Colchiceae[edit]

Colchicaceaetribe Colchiceae
Colchicum Colchicum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Autumn crocus,
Common autumn-crocus,
Meadow-saffron
Introduced
20120918Herbstzeitlose Hockenheim2.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Family Melanthiaceae[edit]

The Melanthiaceae.[1]

Tribe Melanthieae[edit]

Melanthiaceaetribe Melanthieae
Veratrum False hellebore N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 Aiton (1789)
American false-hellebore Native,
Secure
Veratrum veride2.JPG
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
(L.) W.T.Aiton

1753. Melanthium virginicum  L.
1813. Veratrum virginicum  W.T.Aiton
1898. Melanthium dispersum  Small
Virginia bunchflower Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Veratrum virginicum NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngVeratrum virginicum (as Melanthium virginicum) BB-1913.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0

ARS 



Images, wsp
(Walter) Zimmerman ex Zomlefer. (2012)

V. latifolium (Desr.) Zomlefer (1997)
Melanthium latifolium Desr. (1797)
Melanthium hybridum Walter (1788)
Crisped bunchflower,
Slender bunchflower
Native,
Extirpated
Veratrum hybridum (as Melanthium latifolium) BB-1913.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
AnticleaMichx. Death camas N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Pursh) Rydb.
var. glaucus

Anticlea chlorantha
Zigadenus elegans ssp. glaucus
Zigadenus elegans var. glaucus
Zigadenus glaucus
Mountain deathcamas,
Mountain death camas,
White camas
Native,
Threatened
Anticlea elegans NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngAnticlea elegans BB-1913.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN


FNA 


Images, wsp
Amianthium Fly poison N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Walter) A.Gray
Fly-poison Native,
Likely extirpated
Amianthium muscitoxicum (homeredwardprice) 004.jpg
Amianthium muscitoxicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0


FNA 


Images, wsp
Stenanthium Featherbells N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(A.Gray) Zomlefer & Judd (2002)

1856. Zigadenus leimanthoides  A.Gray
(=) Oceanorus leimanthoides
2002. S. leimanthoides  Zomlefer & Judd
Death-camas,
Pine barren deathcamas
Native,
Extirpated
Stenanthium leimanthoides BB-1913.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N





Images, wsp
  1. Melanthiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Tribe Heloniadeae[edit]

Melanthiaceaetribe Heloniadeae
Helonias Helonias N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)
Swamp pink Native,
Extirpated
Helonias bullata 002.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngHelonias bullata 001.JPG
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp

Tribe Chionographideae[edit]

Melanthiaceaetribe Chionographideae
Chamaelirium Chamaelirium N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) A.Gray (1848)
Blazing-star,
Devil's-bit,
Fairy-wand,
Rattlesnake-root
Native,
Endangered
Chamaelirium luteum BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngChamaelirium luteum - false unicorn - desc-flowering heads closed.jpg
NYFA-1-2





Images, wsp

Tribe Parideae[edit]

Genus Trillium[edit]
Melanthiaceaetribe Parideaegenus Trillium
Trillium Trillium N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 L. (1753)
Birthwort,
Red trillium,
Stinking Willie,
Wake robin
Native,
Secure
Trillium erectum.JPG
Trillium erectum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Large-flowered trillium,
White trillium,
Great white trillium,
White wake-robin
Native,
Secure
White Trillium Trillium grandiflorum Flower 2613px.jpg
Trillium grandiflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Willd. (1801)

T. erythrocarpum Michx.
Painted lady,
Painted trillium
Native,
Secure
Trillium undulatum 01.jpg
Trillium undulatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Nodding trillium,
Whip-poor-will flower
Native,
Vulnerable
Nodding trillium flower -SC woodlot- 2.JPG
Trillium cernuum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Raf. (1840)
Bent trillium,
Declined trillium,
Nodding trillium,
Nodding wakerobin
Native,
Endangered
Trillium flexipes 02.jpg
Trillium flexipes NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Sessile trillium,
Toad trillium,
Toadshade
Native,
Endangered
Trillium sessile.JPG
Trillium sessile NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Beck (1826)
Green trillium,
Wood trillium,
Wood wakerobin
Native,
Unranked
Trillium viride BB-1913.png
Trillium viride NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U
USDA-N0


FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 (Muhl.) Harb. (1901)

(=)
(=) T. sessile var. luteum
(=) T. veride var. luteum
Yellow wakerobin,
Yellow trillium,
Yellow toadshade,
Wax trillium
Introduced,
US South native
Trillium luteum 2.jpg
Trillium luteum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-0
USDA-NX



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Family Smilacaceae[edit]

The Smilacaceae.[1]

Smilacaceae
Smilax Greenbrier N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L. (1753)

Nemexia herbacea (L.) Small
Carrion-flower,
Jacob’s-ladder,
Smooth carrionflower,
Smooth herbaceous greenbrier
Native,
Secure
Smilax herbacea.png
Smilax herbacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Raf. (1840)

Smilax tamnoides L. (1753)
Smilax grandifolia Buckley
Bristly greenbrier Native,
Secure
Fort Custer Plant.JPG
Smilax hispida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Common catbrier,
Common greenbrier,
Horse-brier, bull-brier,
Round-leaved greenbrier
Native,
Secure
Smilax rotundifolia 1.JPG
Smilax rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png






Images, wsp
Sawbrier,
Wild sarsaparilla
Native,
Secure
Smilax glauca 7.JPG
Smilax glauca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Bamboo vine,
False China-root
Native,
Endangered
Smilax pseudochina L. - bamboo vine SMPS.jpg
Smilax pseudochina NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Downy carrion-flower,
Jacob's-ladder
Native,
Endangered
Smilax pulverulenta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1





Images, wsp
 Hook.

Nemexia lasioneura
S. herbacea var. lasioneura
Blue Ridge carrion-flower Native,
No recent reports
Smilax lasioneura NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-H?
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
  1. Smilacaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Liliaceae[edit]

The Liliaceae.[1]

Subfamily Calochortoideae[edit]

Liliaceaesubfam. Calochortoideae
StreptopusMichx. 1803 Twisted stalk N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Aiton) Reveal

1789. Uvularia lanceolata  Aiton
1803. Streptopus roseus  Michx.
1901. Streptopus curvipes  Vail
1906. Streptopus longipes  Fernald
1993. Streptopus lanceolatus  Reveal
Rosy twisted-stalk,
Rose mandarin,
Twistedstalk,
Lance-leaved twistedstalk
Native,
Secure
Streptopus lanceolatus 01.jpg
Streptopus lanceolatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) DC.

1753. Uvularia amplexifolia  L.
1805. Streptopus amplexifolius  (L.) DC.
1906. Convallaria amplexifolia  E.H.L.Krause
1933. Tortipes amplexifolius  (L.) Small
Claspleaf twistedstalk,
Clasping-leaved
  twistedstalk,
Liverberry,
White mandarin,
White twisted-stalk
Native,
Likely secure
Streptopus amplexifolius 13.JPG
Streptopus amplexifolius NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-MN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Streptopus × oreopolus
 Fernald (pro sp.)

Streptopus amplexifolius ×
Streptopus lanceolatus

1906. Streptopus oreopolus  Fernald
1935. S. amplexifolius var. oreopolus Fassett
Mandarin,
Twisted stalk
Native,
Unranked
Streptopus amplexifolius 5000.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngStreptopus lanceolatus 6008.JPG
Streptopus × oreopolus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW 

Trop.


Images, wsp
Prosartes Fairy bells N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Michx.) D. Don (1839)

Disporum lanuginosum
Streptopus lanuginosus
Hairy mandarin,
Yellow fairybells,
Yellow mandarin
Native,
Likely secure
Prosartes lanuginosa (as Disporum lanuginosum) BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngYellow Fairybells (4751215894).jpg
Prosartes lanuginosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4?
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (Buckley) A.Gray

1843. Streptopus maculatus  Buckley
1844. Prosartes maculata  A.Gray
1888. Disporum maculatum  Britton
1923. Disporum cahnae  Farwell
1935. Disporum schaffneri  Moldenke
Yellow mandarin,
Nodding mandarin,
Spotted mandarin
Introduced,
N. America native
Prosartes maculata flower 002.jpg
Prosartes maculata nymap.svg
NYFA-cult.
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. Liliaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Subfamily Medeoloideae[edit]

Liliaceaesubfam. Medeoloideae
Medeola Indian cucumber N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Medeola virginiana  L.
Indian cucumber,
Indian cucumber-root

Médéole de Virginie,
Concombre sauvage,
Jarnotte
Native,
Secure
Medeola virginiana 4055.JPG
Medeola virginiana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 


Images, wsp
Clintonia Blue bead N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Ait.) Raf. (1832)

Dracaena borealis Ait.
Bluebead, blue-bead lily,
Yellow clintonia,
Corn-lily,
Clinton lily
Native,
Secure
NLW DeerLake2 tango7174.jpg
Clintonia borealis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(Michx.) Morong (1894)

Clintonia alleghaniensis
Convallaria umbellulata
Xeniatrum umbellulatum
White clintonia,
Speckled wood-lily,
Clinton's lily
Native,
Rare
Clintonia umbellulata FWS-4x3.jpg
Clintonia umbellulata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Subfamily Lilioideae[edit]

Tribe Tulipeae[edit]

Liliaceaesubfam. Lilioideaetribe Tulipeae
Tulipa Tulip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)
Wild tulip Introduced,
No specimens
Tulipa sylvestris (flower).jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp

Tribe Lilieae[edit]

Genus Erythronium[edit]
Liliaceaesubfam. Lilioideaetribe Lilieaegenus Erythronium
Erythronium Fawn lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Ker Gawl. (1808)
ssp. americanum
Dogtooth violet,
Yellow trout-lily
Native,
Secure
Erythronium americanum - Heron Rookery65.jpg
Erythronium americanum ssp americanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-



BNA 

Images, wsp
 Nutt. (1818)
White fawnlily,
White trout-lily
Native,
Likely secure
Erythronium albidum NRCS-2.jpg
Erythronium albidum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4





Images, wsp
Genus Lilium[edit]
Liliaceaesubfam. Lilioideaetribe Lilieaegenus Lilium
Lilium Lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.
ssp. canadense
Canada lily,
Yellow Canada lily
Native,
Secure
CanadaLily.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. editorum

L. canadense var. editorum
L. canadense var. rubrum
Red Canada lily Native,
Endangered
Lilium canadense ssp editorum FWS-4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 L.
Wood lily Native,
Likely secure
LiliumPhiladelphicumVarAndinumDarmCrook8.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L. (1762)
Turk’s-cap lily Native,
Likely secure
Lilium superbum FWS-4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Farw.

L. canadense ssp. michiganense
L. canadense var. umbelliferum
Michigan lily Native,
Endangered
Lilium michiganense Madison.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Lance-leaved tiger lily Introduced
Lilia tygrysia.JPG
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp