Flora of New York/Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae

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Lamiales 3
Flora of New York: Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae
Carduoideae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Aquifoliales[edit]

The order Aquifoliales ...

Family Aquifoliaceae[edit]

The Aquifoliaceae (holly family) ...

Genus Ilex[edit]
Aquifoliaceaegenus Ilex
Ilex Holly N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
(L.) M.Powell, Savol. & S.Andrews 2000

1753. Vaccinium mucronatum  L.
1901. Nemopanthus mucronatus  Loes.
2000. Ilex mucronata  M.Powell et al.
Mountain holly,
Catberry

Némopanthe mucroné,
Faux houx
Native,
Secure
Ilex mucronata flowers NB RT 4x3.jpg
Ilex mucronata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 (L.) A.Gray 1856

1753. Prinos verticillatus  L.
1856. Ilex verticillata  A.Gray
1912. Ilex fastigiata  E.P.Bicknell
1921. Ilex verticillata var. fastigiata
Common winterberry,
Virginia winterberry,
Black holly,
Black alder

Houx verticillé
Native,
Secure
Ilex verticillata fruits and foliage 1.JPG
Ilex verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Torr. & A.Gray 1848

1848. Ilex montana  Torr. & A.Gray
1856. Ilex monticola  A.Gray
1870. Ilex amelanchier var. monticola
1964. Ilex ambigua var. montana
1977. Ilex ambigua var. monticola
1983. Ilex ambigua ssp. montana
Mountain holly,
Mountain winterberry,
Big-leaved holly
Native,
Likely secure
Ilex montana.jpg
Ilex montana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 (L.) A.Gray 1856

1753. Prinos glaber  L.
1856. Ilex glabra  A.Gray
Inkberry, ink-berry,
Gallberry,
Winter-berry,
Evergreen winterberry,
Appalachian-tea
Native,
Likely secure
Ilex glabra 1120531.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngIlex glabra 1120532.jpg
Ilex glabra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 (Pursh) A.Gray 1856

1813. Prinos laevigatus  Pursh
1856. Ilex laevigata  A.Gray
Smooth winterberry,
Smooth winterberry holly
Native,
Vulnerable
Ilex laevigata 1480225 4x3.jpg
Ilex laevigata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Ait.
var. opaca
American holly Native,
Vulnerable
Ilex opaca American holly flowers 4x3.jpg
Ilex opaca var opaca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N0
NEW 


NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Thunb. 1784

1865. Celastrus adenophyllus  Miq.
Japanese holly,
Box-leaf holly

Houx crénelé
Introduced from
 Asia,
Somewhat invasive,
NYIS: 48%[1]
Ilex crenata.JPG
Ilex crenata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L. 1753
English holly

Houx commun
Introduced,
from Eurasia,
northern Africa
Ilex aquifolium Holly.jpg
Nymap.svg

USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS


Note [2]
Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentIlex crenata: Low (48).
  2. Although Ilex aquifolium is not listed as naturalized in New York or most of the Northeast, it is listed as present in "forests and borders of swamps in areas of habitation" in the adjacent state of Massachusetts,[1] and it is cultivated in suitable parts of New York as an ornamental tree.

Order Asterales[edit]

Family Campanulaceae[edit]

Subamily Campanuloideae[edit]

Genus Campanula[edit]
Campanulaceae – subfam. Campanuloideae – tribe Campanuleae – genus Campanula[1]
Campanula Bellflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 Pursh

 (=) C. aparinoides var. grandiflora 
 (=) C. aparinoides var. uliginosa 
 (=) C. uliginosa Rydb. 
Marsh bellflower Native,
Secure
Campanula aparinoides.jpg
Campanula aparinoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L.

 (=) C. alaskana 
 (=) C. dubia 
 (=) C. gieseckiana 
 (=) C. groenlandica ... etc. 
American harebell,
Bluebell bellflower
Native,
Likely secure
Harebells1.JPG
Campanula rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L.

 (=) C. rapunculoides var. ucranica 
Creeping bellflower,
Rampion bellflower
Introduced
Campanula rapunculoides kurekellukas 02 estonia.JPG
Campanula rapunculoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 L.
Bats in the belfry,
Nettle-leaved bellflower
Introduced
Campanula trachelium02.JPG
Campanula trachelium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-




Images
 L.

 (=) C. persicifolia var. alba 
Peachleaf bellflower,
Peach-leaved bellflower
Introduced
Campanula persicifolia J1.JPG
Campanula persicifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 L.
Clustered bellflower,
Dane's blood
Introduced
Campanulaceae - Campanula glomerata-1.JPG
Campanula glomerata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 L.
Rambling bellflower,
Spreading bellflower
Introduced,
Impersistent
Campanula patula W.jpg
Campanula patula NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
  1. Roquet et. al. 2008: "Natural Delineation, Molecular Phylogeny and Floral Evolution in Campanula." Systematic Botany 33(1): 203-217.
Genus Campanulastrum[edit]
Campanulaceae – subfam. Campanuloideae – tribe Campanuleae – genus Campanulastrum
Campanulastrum Bellflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Small (1903)

 (=) Campanula americana L. (1753) 
Tall bellflower Native,
Endangered
Campanulastrum americanum.jpg
Campanulastrum americanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
Genus Triodanis[edit]
Campanulaceae – subfam. Campanuloideae – tribe Campanuleae – genus Triodanis
Triodanis Venus' looking glass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Nieuwl.
ssp. perfoliata

 (=) Legousia perfoliata 
 (=) Specularia perfoliata 
Clasping Venus' looking-glass,
Claspingleaf Venus' looking-glass
Native,
Secure
Specularia perfoliata 1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngSpecularia perfoliata 2.jpg
Triodanis perfoliata ssp perfoliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
(L.) Nieuwl.
ssp. biflora

 (=) Specularia biflora 
 (=) T. biflora 
Small Venus' looking-glass Introduced,
US South native
Triodanis perfoliata biflora BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngSpecularia perfoliata 3.jpg
Triodanis perfoliata ssp biflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-N




Images
Genus Jasione[edit]
Campanulaceae – subfam. Campanuloideae – tribe Campanuleae – genus Jasione
Jasione Jasione N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Sheepbit,
Sheep's-bit
Introduced
Jasione montana.jpeg
Jasione montana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
Genus Platycodon[edit]
Campanulaceae – subfam. Campanuloideae – tribe Campanuleae – genus Platycodon
Platycodon Platycodon N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Jacq.) A.DC.

 (=) P. grandiflorum orth. var. 
Balloon-flower,
Chinese bellflower
Introduced,
No specimens
Flowers 5231.jpg
Platycodon grandiflorus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X0
NRCS-X0




Images

Subamily Lobelioideae[edit]

Genus Lobelia[edit]
Campanulaceae – subfam. Lobelioideae – tribe Lobelieae – genus Lobelia
Lobelia Cardinal flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.
Indian-tobacco Native,
Secure
Lobelia inflata 001.JPG
Lobelia inflata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L.
Brook lobelia,
Kalm's lobelia,
Ontario lobelia
Native,
Secure
Lobelia kalmii.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngLobelia kalmii MVW-1923.png
Lobelia kalmii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L.
Great blue lobelia Native,
Secure
Lobelia wielka Lobelia siphilitica 01.jpg
Lobelia siphilitica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 Lam.

 (=) Lobelia bracteata 
 (=) Lobelia hirtella 
 (=) Lobelia leptostachys 
Palespike lobelia,
Pale-spiked lobelia
Native,
Secure
Lobelia spicata raceme.jpg
Lobelia spicata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L.

 (=) Lobelia fulgens 
 (=) Lobelia splendens 
Cardinalflower,
Cardinal flower
Native,
Likely secure
Lobelia cardinalis 003.JPG
Lobelia cardinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L.
Dortmann's cardinalflower,
Water lobelia
Native,
Likely secure
Bobiecinskie male lobelia.jpg
Lobelia dortmanna NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
 Schult.
Nuttall's lobelia Native,
Vulnerable
Lobelia nuttallii 2.JPG
Lobelia nuttallii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
NRCS-N0




Images

Family Menyanthaceae[edit]

The Menyanthaceae is a family of aquatic and wetland plants.

Menyanthaceae
Menyanthes Buckbean N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Bog buckbean Native,
Likely secure
MenyanthesTrifoliata.jpg
Menyanthes trifoliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-N




Images
Nymphoides Floatingheart N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Floating-heart Native,
Vulnerable
Nymphoides cordata 7066.jpg
Nymphoides cordata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-N




Images
Yellow floating-heart Introduced
Nymphoides peltata1.jpg
Nymphoides peltata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X




Images