False Friends of the Slavist/Czech-Slovak

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Čeština — Slovenčina


Cz. hora
Slk. hora ‘mountain’
Slk. hora 1. hora ‘mountain’
2. les ‘forest’
map
Cz. horký
Slk. horúci ‘hot’
Slk. horký Cz. hořký ‘bitter’
map
Cz. chudý
Slk. chudobný ‘poor’
Slk. chudý Cz. hubený ‘slim’
map
Cz. sprostý
Slk. vulgárny ‘vulgar’
Slk. sprostý Cz. hloupý ‘stupid’
map
Cz. kapusta
Slk. kel ‘sprouts’
Slk. kapusta Cz. zelí ‘cabbage’
map
Cz. kouřit
Slk. fajčiť, dymiť ‘smoke’
Slk. kúriť Cz. topit ‘heat’
map
Cz. list
1. list ‘sheet of paper’
2. list ‘leaf’
Slk. list 1. list ‘sheet of paper’
2. list ‘leaf’
3. dopis ‘letter’
map
Cz. listopad
1. listopad ‘falling of leaves’
2. november ‘November’
Slk. listopad Cz. listopad ‘falling of leaves’
map
Cz. matka
1. matka ‘mother’
2. matica ‘nut (to screw on a bolt)’
Slk. matka Cz. matka ‘mother’
map
Cz. náhlý
Slk. náhly ‘sudden’
Slk. náhly 1. náhlý ‘sudden’
2. prudký, kvapný ‘vehement, hasty’
map
Cz. neděle
1. nedeľa ‘Sunday’
2. týždeň ‘week’
Slk. nedeľa Cz. neděle ‘Sunday’
map
Cz. pokoj
1. pokoj ‘quiet’
2. izba ‘room’
Slk. pokoj 1. pokoj ‘quiet’
2. mír ‘peace’
map
Cz. púpava
Slk. 1.krasovlas ‘Carlina (thistle)’
Slk. púpava Cz. 1.pampeliška ‘dandelion (Taraxacum)’
map
Cz. žito
Slk. žito, raž ‘rye’
Slk. žito 1. žito ‘rye’
2. pšenice ‘wheat’
map
Cz. vojna
Slk. vojenčina ‘military service’
Slk. vojna Cz. válka ‘war’
map
Cz. stávka
Slk. štrajk ‘strike (work stoppage)’
Slk. stávka Cz. sázka ‘bet’
map
Cz. spravit
Slk. opraviť ‘repair’
Slk. spraviť Cz. udělat ‘do’
map
Cz. pivnice
Slk. krčma ‘pub’
Slk. pivnica Cz. sklep ‘cellar’
map
Cz. drozd
Slk. drozd ‘thrush (all species)’
Slk. drozd Cz. kos ‘blackbird’
map
Cz. datel
Slk. tesár ‘dryocopus (woodpecker)’
Slk. ďateľ Cz. strakapoud ‘dendrocopos (different woodpecker)’
map
Cz. topit
Slk. 1. kúriť ‘heat’
2. topiť ‘melt’
3. topiť ‘to liquefy’
4. topiť 'drown'
Slk. topiť Cz. 1. topit ‘melt’
2. topit se ‘to liquefy’
3. topit 'drown'
map

For additional information on false friends, see the On-line hypertext bibliography by Daniel Bunčić and Ryszard Lipczuk.

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