Esperanto/Appendix/Table of word endings

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Noun endings[edit]

Ending Plurality Case
-o Singular Nominative
-oj Plural Nominative
-on Singular Accusative
-ojn Plural Accusative

Adjective endings[edit]

Ending Plurality Case
-a Singular Nominative
-aj Plural Nominative
-an Singular Accusative
-ajn Plural Accusative

Adverb endings[edit]

Ending Description Example
-e Adverb rapide = quickly

Verb endings[edit]

Ending Description Example
-i Infinitive paroli = to speak
-as Present tense parolas = speak
-is Past tense parolis = spoke
-os Future tense parolos = will speak
-us Conditional tense parolus = were to speak
-u Imperative parolu = speak!

Participle affixes[edit]

Ending Tense Voice Example
-ant- Present Active paganto = a person who is paying
-int- Past Active paginta = a person who has paid
-ont- Future Active pagonta = a person who will pay
-at- Present Passive pagato = a person being paid
-it- Past Passive pagita = a person who was paid
-ot- Future Passive pagota = a person who will be paid