Esperanto/Appendix/Table of correlatives

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Table of Correlatives[edit]

Interrogative (What) Demonstrative (That) Indefinite (Some) Universal (Each, every) Negative (No)
ki- ti- i- ĉi- neni-
Kind of, sort of ‑a[1] kia
(what a)
tia
(such a)
ia
(some sort of)
ĉia
(every kind of)
nenia
(no kind of)
Reason ‑al kial
(why)
tial
(therefore)
ial
(for some reason)
ĉial
(for all reasons)
nenial
(for no reason)
Time ‑am kiam
(when)
tiam
(then)
iam
(sometime)
ĉiam
(always)
neniam
(never)
Place ‑e kie
(where)
tie
(there)
ie
(somewhere)
ĉie
(everywhere)
nenie
(nowhere)
Motion ‑en kien
(where to)
tien
(there)
ien
(somewhere)
ĉien
(everywhere)
nenien
(nowhere)
Manner ‑el kiel
(how, as)
tiel
(thus, as)
iel
(somehow)
ĉiel
(in every way)
neniel
(no-how, in no way)
Genitive ‑es kies
(whose)
ties
(that one's)
ies
(someone's)
ĉies
(everybody's)
nenies
(no one's)
Demonstrative pronoun ‑o[2] kio
(what)
tio
(that)
io
(something)
ĉio
(everything)
nenio
(nothing)
Amount ‑om kiom
(how much)
tiom
(that much)
iom
(some, a bit)
ĉiom
(all)
neniom
(none)
Demonstrative determiner ‑u[1] kiu
(who, which one, which X)
tiu
(that one, that X)
iu
(someone, some X)
ĉiu
(everyone, each X, all X's)
neniu
(no one, no X)
  1. a b Words with these suffixes (-a, -u) take -n and/or -j as appropriate.
  2. Words with this suffix (-e) take -n as appropriate.

^ Esperanto ^ | Appendix H: Table of Correlatives