English for B2 Students/Unit 4

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If I had €1,000,000, I would live in Spain[edit]

Aim of this lesson: Recognize and use the different conditionals in English and revise means of transport.

Speaking Questions[edit]

Talk about these questions with a partner. Try to expand your answers and give reasons rather than short answers.

  • Where did you go on your last holiday? How did you travel? Whom did you go with?
  • What is your perfect holiday destination?
  • Do you prefer beach holidays, city breaks, resorts or adventure holidays?
  • Do you pack a lot of things or just the basics like clothes and money?
  • What are the 5 most important tourist places in your country?

Grammar Focus - 1st, 2nd and 3rd conditionals[edit]

Conditional sentences are used to talk about possible situations and the result of those situations.

The Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt

English for B2 students Grammar • Unit 4
Future Forms Flag of the United Kingdom.png

Conditional Form Usage Example
1st conditional if + present simple, will + infinitive used to talk about possible situations If it's sunny tomorrow, I'll go to the seaside.
2nd conditional if + past simple, would + infinitive used to talk about hypothetical situations If I became rich, I would buy an expensive villa in France.
3rd conditional if + past perfect, would + have + past participle used to talk about hypothetical situations in the past If I hadn't gone to Egypt, I wouldn't have seen the pyramids
  • Conditionals are usually expressed with the if clause first and the future clause second but the order isn't important. Both of these sentences are equally correct: If it rains, I will stay home and I will stay home if it rains. Note that we don't use a comma if the if clause is used second.
  • Never use a future tense twice in a conditional sentence (like is often done in other languages). This is not correct: If it will rain, I will stay home
  • Conditionals are frequently contracted and this can make understanding difficult for non-native speakers. We often contract will as I'll, you'll, etc.. We often contract would as I'd, you'd, etc..

Vocabulary - Travel & Transport[edit]

Look at the table below. Do you know the correct definitions for these types of transport? Click on the 'show' button on the right for the correct answers.

English for B2 students Vocabulary • Unit 4
Travel - Rearrange the Definitions Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Transport Definition
airplane boat which travels slowly and is like a small city with swimming pools and shops.
coach a large motor vehicle with beds, cooking and shower facilities.
ferry vehicle which flies.
cruise ship a bus which travels from city to city.
caravan boat which takes passengers and cars from one port to another port.


English for B2 students Vocabulary • Unit 4
Jobs - Correct Answers Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Job Definition
airplane vehicle which flies.
coach a bus which travels from city to city.
ferry boat which takes passengers and cars from one port to another port.
cruise ship boat which travels slowly and is like a small city with swimming pools and shops.
caravan a large motor vehicle with beds, cooking and shower facilities.

Speaking with conditional sentences[edit]

Work with a partner, if you can, and ask/answer these questions. If you're on your own you should think about these questions and write your answers instead.

  • How long would it have taken you to get here if you had walked?
  • How will you get to work if it rains tomorrow?
  • If you were going to take a vacation, where would you go?
  • If you could drive any car you wanted, what would it be?
  • If you had gone to London on holiday last year, what would you have done?

Exercises[edit]

Try these questions to see if you can use 1st, 2nd and 3rd conditionals correctly. The answers can be found here.

Complete the following sentences using the correct conditional form:

  1. If I were very rich, I _______________ in 5 star hotels (stay).
  2. If I _______________ (go out) on Saturday, I will drink red wine.
  3. If I hadn't woken up this morning, I _______________ about conditionals (not learn).
  4. If I could choose any wife, I _______________ Shakira (choose).
  5. I _______________ (buy) a new DVD if I get paid this week.

Grammar Reference[edit]

For further information about conditional sentences see Tenses and Forms.

Graduation hat.svg English for B2 students

AimsUnit 1Unit 2Unit 3Unit 4Unit 5Unit 6Test 1

Unit 7Unit 8Unit 9Unit 10Unit 11Unit 12Test 2