Engineering Analysis/SISO Transformations

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Let's say that we have a random variable X that is the input into a given system. The system output, Y is then also a random variable that is related to the input X by the response of the system. In other words, we can say that:

Y = g(X)

Where g is the mathematical relationship between the system input and the system output.

To discover information about Y, we can use the information we know about the r.v. X, and the relationship g:

f_Y(y) = \sum_i \frac{f_X(y)}{\left|\frac{dy}{dx}\right|}

Where xi are the roots of g.