Elements of Art/Line
- 1 LINE
- 2 Different lines
- 3 Putting lines together
- 4 Effect of lines
- 5 Chapter summary
What is line?
In art, line is the continuous movement of a mark from dot to dot.
Lines of direction
Horizontal lines travel from left to right and are relative to the horizon.
Vertical lines travel up and down.
Often used in paintings with trees.
Diagonal lines go in two directions.
One kind of diagonal line goes down from left to right. Starting from the right, it can also go up to the left.
Lines of length
Lines of thickness
The thickness or thinness of a line can be affected by using different materials. A ballpoint pen will create a thinner line than a big marker.
Putting lines together
There are many ways to put lines together.
One of the simplest is to join a horizontal and a vertical line. A square is two horizontal lines and two vertical lines.
Many lines can be put together to make a shading effect. An example of this is cross-hatching, where many small horizontal lines are put over many small vertical lines. This gives a realistic effect.
Effect of lines
Lines of movement
Lines of emotion
Horizontal lines can represent calmness and tranquility whereas vertical lines tend to have more of a grandeur effect. Curved lines tend to represent nature as well as confusion and busyness.
Diagonal lines represent movement.
Thick lines can represent anger whereas thin lines can represent shyness, or invisibility.