Elementary Spanish/Survival kit for parents

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Common phrases[edit]

Antes

Después

A propósito

De paso

Como resultado de

Accidentalmente

Aquí

Allí

Por ahí

Opuesto

Bajo

Más allá

A lo lejos

A la izquierda

A la derecha

Por lo tanto

Sin embargo

Por otra parte

Por último

Próximo

También

Además

Además de

Del mismo modo

Igualmente

En consecuencia

Por lo tanto

Por consiguiente

A consecuencia

Así

De otra manera

Después

Así

Entonces

Por qué

Generalmente

En general

En la mayor parte

Por regla general

Ordinariamente

Regularmente

En particular

Por ejemplo

Particularmente

Especialmente

Tal como

Incluso

A saber

Por ejemplo

Como un ejemplo

En este caso

Sobre todo

Particularmente

Igualmente

Junto con la

En comparación con los

En comparación con los

Junto con

Además de

En resumen

En breve

En conclusión

Mientras tanto

Pronto

Más tarde

En el mientras tanto

Después

Más temprano

En resumen

En resumen

Finalmente

Before

After

By the way

Incidentally

As a result of

Accidentally

Here

There

Over there

Opposite

Under

Beyond

In the distance

To the left

To the right

Therefore

However

Moreover

Lastly

Next

Also

Furthermore

In addition to

Similarly

Likewise

Accordingly

Hence

Consequently

As a result

Thereby

Otherwise

Subsequently

Thus

So then

Wherefore

Generally

Usually

For the most part

As a rule

Ordinarily

Regularly

In particular

For instance

Particularly

Especially

Such as

Including

Namely

For example

As an example

In this case

Above all

Singularly

Likewise

Coupled with

Compared to

In comparison to

Together with

Besides

In brief

In short

In conclusion

In the meantime

Soon

Later

In the meanwhile

Afterward

Earlier

In summary

To summarize

Finally

Irregular verbs[edit]

Word Meaning Present Past tense examples



ir to go Yo voy a la tienda. (I go to the store)

Tu vas a la tienda. (You go to the store.)

Ellos van a la tienda. (They go to the store)

Nosotros vamos a la tienda. (We go to the store)


Yo fui a la tienda. (I went to the store)

Tu fuiste a la tienda. (You went to the store.)

Ellos fueron a la tienda. (They went to the store.)

Nosotros fuimos a la tienda. (We went to the store.)

ser to be (state of being)
tener to have
estar to be (state of being)
ver to see
decir to say
hacer to do
poder to be able to
dar to give
saber to know
leer to read
dormir to sleep
mirar to see
escuchar to hear
comer to eat
dormir to sleep
volver to return
dar to give
querer to want
escribir to write


Indirect object pronouns[edit]

In spanish, the verb not only gives information about the action, it also gives information about the Indirect object in the sentence. These are always personal nouns. Indirect objects tell “to whom” or “for whom” something is done.

  • me
  • te
  • le
  • nos
  • les

Me (meh) versus Le (leh)[edit]

Me (MEH) refers specifically to me. Le (LEH) refers to him or her.

Dame la blusa. Give ME the blouse. Dale la blusa. Give HER/HIM the blouse.

Me (MEE) versus La(LAH)[edit]

Mi refers specifically to mine.

My favorite food is eggs. Mi comida favorita son huevos.

It would be weird to say, THE FAVORITE FOOD IS EGGS. LA COMIDA FAVORITA SON HUEVOS.

La is the.

The rose is red. La rosa es roja.

Indirect pronoun chart[edit]

Indirect Object Pronouns
Singular Plural
1st person me (to/for me) nos (to/for us)
2nd person te (to/for you-- informal) os (to/for you-- informal)
3rd person le (to/for you formal, him, her, it) les (to/for them, you formal)

Es[edit]

“Es” is the word “is” in English. Unlike English, in Spanish the noun is implied at times and a sentence can start with “is”.

Es un gato negro. (It’s a black cat.)

Es una flor roja. (It’s a red flower.)

El gato es negro. (The cat is black)

La flor es roja. (The flower is red.)

Location words[edit]

in front of

enfrente de

The man is standing in front of the woman. El hombre esta enfrente de la mujer.


in front of

delante de

The man is standing in front of the woman. El hombre esta delante de la mujer.


between

entre

Two is between one and three. Dos esta entre uno y tres.


behind

detras de

Look behind you. Mira destras de ti.


underneath

debajo de

Look underneath the table. Mira debajo de la mesa.


on top of

encima de

The hat is on top of his head. La gorra esta encima de su cabeza.


inside of

dentro de/en

What is inside of the bottle? Que esta detro de la botella?


near

cerca de

The library is near here. La biblioteca esta cerca de aqui.


next to

al lado de

The bear is next to the cat. El oso esta al lado del gato.


to the right

a la derecha

My house is to the right. Mi casa esta a la derecha.


to the left

a la izquierda

My house is to the left. Mi casa esta a la izquierda.


far from

lejos de

My house is far from here. Mi casa esta lejos de aqui.