For a series RC consist of one resistor connected with one capacitor in a closed loop.
In Polar Form Z/_θ
In Complex Form Z(jω)
- T = RC
Differential Equation of circuit at equilibrium
- T = R C
t V(t) % Vo 0 A = eC = Vo 100% 1/RC .63 Vo 60% Vo 2/RC Vo 3/RC Vo 4/RC Vo 5/RC .01 Vo 10% Vo
Angle Difference Between Voltage and Current
Current leads Voltage an angle θ
Change the value of R and C will chane the value of Angle Difference, Angular Frequency, Frequency and Time
When the switch is open, the initial voltage across the capacitor is zero. When the switch closes (which we will refer to as time zero) the capacitor charges via the resistor to .
When the switch is closed, the circuit must follow the relationship:
which is derived by analysing the circuit using Kirchoff's Voltage Law.
By letting and rearranging the equation:
This is a first order linear differential equation with integrating factor:
Multiplying both sides by the integrating factor:
Substituting and integrating both sides:
where K is the integration constant.
When t>0 this gives: