Easy Ido/Lesson three

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Lesson two | Lesson four

Pronouns[edit]

These are words like I, you, he, she, and so on.

  • me - I, me
  • tu - you (use this with a friend)
  • vu - you (use this with a person you don't know)
  • ilu or il - he, him
  • elu or el - she, her
  • olu or ol - it
  • lu - he, she or it. Can be used in place of il(u), el(u) or ol(u), e. g. when gender is not known or not relevant.
  • ni - we, us
  • vi - you (plural of vu or tu)
  • ili - they, them (when speaking only of males)
  • eli - they, them (when speaking only of females)
  • oli - they, them (when speaking only of inanimate things)
  • li - they (plural of lu, can be used to replace, and usually does so, ili, eli or oli)
  • onu or on - one, like in the sentence "One never knows".
  • su - oneself, himself, herself, itself, themselves.

Ownership[edit]

Just put an -a on the end to show ownership.

  • mea - my, mine
  • tua - your, yours (one person, a friend)
  • vua - your, yours (one person)
  • ilua - his
  • elua - her, hers
  • olua - its
  • lua - his, her, hers, its
  • nia - our, ours
  • via - your, yours (more than one person)
  • ilia - their, theirs (of males)
  • elia - their, theirs (of females)
  • olia - their, theirs (of inanimate things)
  • lia - their, theirs
  • onua - one's
  • sua - one's own, his own, her own, its own, their own.

Examples[edit]

  • Ol esas mea libro. - it is my book.
  • Ni havas libro. - we have a book.
  • El havas sua ucelo. - she has her (own) bird.
  • El havas elua ucelo. - she has her (some other girl's) bird.
  • Me ne flugis. - I didn't fly.

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