EMT-Basic/Trauma/Shock

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Lesson 5.1: Bleeding and Shock

Objectives[edit]

By the end of this lesson, the EMT-Basic should be able to:

  1. Describe the structure and function of the circulatory system.
  2. Differentiate between arterial, venous, and capillary bleeding.
  3. State methods of emergency medical care of external bleeding.
  4. Establish the relationship between body substance isolation and bleeding.
  5. Establish the relationship between airway management and the trauma patient.
  6. Establish the relationship between mechanism of injury and internal bleeding.
  7. List the signs of internal bleeding.
  8. List the steps in the emergency medical care of the patient with signs and symptoms of internal bleeding.
  9. List the signs and symptoms of shock (hypoperfusion).
  10. State the steps in the emergency medical care of the patient with signs and symptoms of shock (hypoperfusion).
  11. Explain the sense of urgency to transport patients that are bleeding and show signs of shock (hypoperfusion).
  12. Demonstrate the use of direct pressure as a method to control external bleeding.
  13. Demonstrate the use of diffuse pressure as a method to control external bleeding.
  14. Demonstrate the use of pressure points and tourniquets as methods to control external bleeding.
  15. Demonstrate the care of the patient exhibiting signs and symptoms of internal bleeding.
  16. Demonstrate the care of the patient exhibiting signs and symptoms of shock (hypoperfusion).
  17. Demonstrate completing a prehospital care report for a patient with bleeding and/or shock (hypoperfusion).