EMT-Basic/Pediatrics

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Lesson 6.1: Infants and Children

Objectives[edit]

By the end of this lesson, the EMT-Basic should be able to:

  1. Identify the developmental considerations for the following age groups: infants, toddlers, pre-school, school age, and adolescent.
  2. Describe the differences in anatomy and physiology between infant, child, and adult patients.
  3. Differentiate the response of the ill or injured infant or child from that of an adult.
  4. Indicate various causes of respiratory emergencies.
  5. Differentiate between respiratory distress and respiratory failure.
  6. List the steps in the management of foreign body airway obstruction.
  7. Summarize the emergency medical care strategies for respiratory distress and respiratory failure.
  8. Identify the signs and symptoms of hypoperfusion in the infant and child patient.
  9. Describe the methods of determining end organ perfusion in the infant and child patient.
  10. State the usual cause of cardiac arrest in infants and children versus adults.
  11. List the common causes of seizures in infants and children.
  12. Describe the management of seizures in infant and child patients.
  13. Differentiate between the injury patterns in adults, infants, and children.
  14. Discuss the field management of the infant and child trauma patient.
  15. Summarize the indicators of possible child abuse and neglect.
  16. Describe medical/legal responsibilities in suspected child abuse.
  17. Recognize the need for EMT-Basic debriefing following difficult infant or child transport.
  18. Explain the rationale for having knowledge and skills appropriate for dealing with infant and child patients.
  19. Attend to the feelings of the family when dealing with an ill or injured infant or child patient.
  20. Understand the EMT-Basic's own emotional response to caring for ill or injured infants and children.
  21. Demonstrate the techniques of foreign body airway obstruction removal in the infant.
  22. Demonstrate the techniques of foreign body airway obstruction removal in the child.
  23. Demonstrate the assessment of the infant and child.
  24. Demonstrate bag-valve-mask artificial ventilation of the infant.
  25. Demonstrate bag-valve-mask artificial ventilation of the child.
  26. Demonstrate oxygen delivery for the infant and child.