Dutch/The numbers

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Counting is often the first thing one wants to learn when visiting another country.

0 to 10[edit]

0. nul

  1. één
  2. twee
  3. drie
  4. vier
  5. vijf
  6. zes
  7. zeven
  8. acht
  9. negen
  10. tien

Notice that the cardinal 1 (one) is usually written using stress marks as één to distinguish it from the unstressed indefinite article een (English a or an). However stress marking is an optional thing in Dutch and the marks are not always written.

Zeven is sometimes pronounced as "zeuven" [zøvə(n)] to distinguish it better from "negen".

11 to 20[edit]

As in English the first two are irregular; they betray an ancient suffix -lif as in English.

11. elf
12. twaalf

The rest has -tien as a suffix with a few irregularities

13. dertien
14. veertien
15. vijftien
16. zestien
17. zeventien
18. achttien
19. negentien

20 to 100[edit]

The equivalent of -ty in English is -tig.

20. twintig
30. dertig
40. veertig
50. vijftig
60. zestig
70. zeventig
80. tachtig
90. negentig

The "z" of zestig and zeventig are usually pronounced as [s], not [z].

21, 66 etc.[edit]

In contrast to English the units come first

21 eenentwintig ("oneandtwenty")

If the unit ends in a vowel and this collides with the vowel of "en" a diaeresis (trema) is used:

22 tweeëntwintig

100, 200[edit]

In contrast to English, Dutch just uses "hundred", not "one hundred"

100. honderd
101. honderd-en-één
200. tweehonderd
201. tweehonderd-en-één
300. driehonderd
400. vierhonderd
500. vijfhonderd
600. zeshonderd
700. zevenhonderd
800. achthonderd
900. negenhonderd

1000 to 100,000[edit]

This basically goes the same. Notice that Dutch uses periods as separators for factors of one thousand rather than commas. This notation is the reverse of the English one. Dutch has a decimal comma, not a decimal point.

1000. duizend
1001. duizend-en-één
2000. tweeduizend
5000. vijfduizend
10.000. tienduizend
20.000. twintigduizend
50.000. vijftigduizend
100.000. honderdduizend

For years the 'honderd' is often dropped, similar to English:

In 1355: in dertien vijfenvijftig.

Large numbers[edit]

1.000.000. één miljoen
1.500.000. één miljoen vijfhonderdduizend
2.000.000. twee miljoen

For larger numbers Dutch uses the long scale rather than the short scale, which is currently used in all English-speaking countries. There are two suffixes -joen and -jard that alternate.

1.000.000.000. miljard
1.000.000.000.000. biljoen
1.000.000.000.000.000. biljard
1.000.000.000.000.000.000. triljoen
1.000.000.000.000.000.000.000. triljard

Decimals[edit]

Remember that Dutch uses a decimal comma rather than a decimal point.

6,7%: zes komma zeven procent.

Dutch/The numbers/Hover test