Drafting/List of Operations or Skills to be Learned

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Freehand Drawing

  1. Sharpen a pencil (conical, chisel, elliptical).
  2. Lay out the border line (continuous and in segments).
  3. Sketch long straight lines (light and heavy).
  4. Sketch short straight lines (light and heavy).
  5. Sketch parallel lines (short and long).
  6. Sketch perpendicular lines (at various positions).
  7. Sketch arcs and circles (large and small).
  8. Sketch an ellipse by the parallelogram method.
  9. Sketch common plane geometrical figures (triangles, rectangles, square, regular polygons, etc.).
  10. Sketch common solid geometrical figures (cylinder, cone, pyramid, prism, cube, etc.).
  11. Sketch objects in outline form (with lead pencil or ball pen).
  12. Accent an outline drawing (lead or carbon pencil).
  13. Sketch a color chart (Prang 12 color).
  14. Color an outline drawing (crayon or water color).
  15. Shade an outline drawing (lead or carbon pencil).
  16. Erase pencil lines.
  17. Lay out a value scale (7 steps).
  18. Lay out a color-value scale (tints and shades of a color).

Designing

  1. Create a naturalistic motif or design.
  2. Create a conventional motif or design.
  3. Create a geometrical motif or design.
  4. Create an abstract motif or design.
  5. Create a center motif.
  6. Create a corner motif.
  7. Create a border design.
  8. Create an all over pattern.
  9. Create simple structures (chair leg, flower vase, molding, etc.).
  10. Create simple articles (coat hanger, medicine cabinet, bookend, bric-a-brac, etc.).
  11. Design a simple iron fence and gate.

Lettering

  1. Draw guide lines for lettering (horizontal and inclined).
  2. Print or letter single-stroke Gothic capital letters (alphabet and numbers).
  3. Print single-stroke Gothic small letters (alphabet and numbers).
  4. Print words and sentences (single-stroke Gothic).
  5. Print paragraphs (single-stroke Gothic).
  6. Center a title by the trial-and-error method.
  7. Center a title by the scratch-paper method.
  8. Print Roman letters and numbers by using a Speedball pen, Style C-3.
  9. Print Text or Old English letters and numbers by using the same pen.

Orthographic Sketches

  1. Sketch the alphabet of lines.
  2. Block in the views.
  3. Sketch orthographic views of objects with horizontal and vertical surfaces.
  4. Sketch orthographic views of objects with inclined surfaces.
  5. Sketch orthographic views of objects with regular curved surfaces.
  6. Sketch orthographic views of objects with irregular curved surfaces.
  7. Sketch orthographic views from given pictorial views.
  8. Draw a detail working sketch.
  9. Draw an assembly working sketch.

Pictorial Drawings

  1. Sketch isometric axes (boxing method).
  2. Sketch cavalier and cabinet axes.
  3. Sketch isometric views of objects with horizontal and vertical surfaces.
  4. Sketch isometric views of objects with inclined surfaces.
  5. Sketch isometric views of objects with regular curved surfaces.
  6. Sketch isometric views of objects with irregular curved surfaces.
  7. Sketch isometric views form given orthographic views.
  8. Sketch cavalier pictorial views.
  9. Sketch cabinet pictorial views.
  10. Sketch semi-artist's parallel perspective.
  11. Sketch semi-artist's angular perspective.
  12. Sketch isometric views of objects having many inclined surfaces (offset method).

Dimensioning

  1. Measure objects by use of the metric system.
  2. Print or write metric measurements on the drawing.
  3. Convert metric measurements into English and vice versa.
  4. Stagger dimensions.
  5. Sketch dimension and projection lines.
  6. Sketch continuous dimensions.
  7. Dimension circles or holes (of various sizes) and locate them.
  8. Dimension arcs and angles of various sizes.
  9. Dimension irregular curves by the square method.
  10. Dimension irregular curves by base-line dimensioning method.
  11. Dimension a drawing using the nondirectional method.
  12. Dimension turned pieces.
  13. Dimension an isometric view.
  14. Dimension an oblique view (cavalier or cabinet).
  15. Dimension a tapped hole.
  16. Dimension chambers and tapers.
  17. Dimension large arcs by the radial dimensioning method.
  18. Correct dimensions on working sketches.

Working Sketches

  1. Make a working sketch of a detail part.
  2. Make a working sketch of assembled parts.
  3. Sketch the title block.
  4. Check a working sketch.

Blueprint Reading

  1. Supply a missing orthographic view.
  2. Supply missing dimensions.
  3. Supply missing visible and hidden lines.
  4. Sketch an isometric view from given orthographic views.
  5. Sketch orthographic views from given isometric views.
  6. Match corners of the object drawn in an isometric view with those of the orthographic views.
  7. Match the lines or edges of the object drawn in an isometric view with those of the orthographic views.
  8. Correct sketches made by other students.
  9. Identify drawing symbols and abbreviations.
  10. Sketch an oblique view (cavalier or cabinet) from given orthographic views.
  11. Sketch a perspective view from given orthographic views (parallel or angular).

Commercial Art

  1. Design a monogram.
  2. Invert and transfer design on surface of a linoleum or rubber block.
  3. Engrave and mount the block.
  4. Print an all over pattern with the block.
  5. Draw a poster with a given wording or lettering.
  6. Redesign or improve a given newspaper advertisement.
  7. Hand-letter a table design on glass and mount glass on a triangular wooden base.
  8. Hand-letter a door sign on a wooden board.
  9. Lay out a title page on tracing paper.
  10. Lay out the letterings for a book cover.
  11. Lay out a letterhead.
  12. Make a sign painting for a store.