Drafting

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At sea aboard USS Kearsarge, Illustrator Draftsman 1st Class Steven Rodgers designs a training slide
US Navy 030209-N-2972R-079 Illustrator Draftsman designs a training slide with the assistance of a light table.jpg
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Drafting


The Objectives of Drafting as an Explanatory Practical Arts Course

The general objectives of drafting as an explanatory practical arts course are as follows:

  1. To acquire essential skills in freehand drawing and lettering, in creating simple structural and decorative designs, in sketching pictorial drawings, and in making orthographic working sketches
  2. To get acquainted with the technical and related general knowledge concerning the general drafting trade
  3. To be able to read and interpret working sketches and working drawings
  4. To develop one's power of observation and visualization
  5. To form good habits of work such as cleanliness, accuracy, neatness, orderliness, speed and industry
  6. To appreciate good draftsmanship

Tools and Materials Needed

The following tools and materials are needed in freehand drawing and in technical sketching:

  • Drawing pencils (F, HB, B and 6B) are generally used in sketching all required drawing plates
  • Soft rubber eraser
  • Ruler (metric)
  • Drawing and lettering pens with a pen holder (e.g., Gillott, Staedtler, Speedball)
  • Drawing papers, 23 cm x 30 cm, 23 kg (50 lb) book or Oslo paper and bristol board (cartolina)
  • Sketch book, 23 cm x 30 cm (9" x 12"), with cross-perpendicular lines
  • Pocket knife or NT knife and sharpening pad
  • Flexible steel measuring tape 2 m long
  • Large envelope, 30 cm x 40 cm (12" x 16")
  • Lecture notebook
  • India ink, 22 cc (3/4 oz) bottle
  • Water color set with pointed sable brush (Prang or equivalent)
  • Tempera colors (6 bottles to a set)
  • Wax crayons (16 colors)
  • Tracing paper, 1/2 m long

Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Freehand Drawing
  3. Designing
  4. Lettering
  5. Orthographic Sketching
  6. Pictorial Drawings
  7. Dimensioning
  8. Working Sketches
  9. Representation of Materials
  10. Blueprint Reading
  11. Commercial Art
  12. Bibliography
  13. Glossary of Technical Terms

Appendices

  1. Other Blueprint Reading Problems
  2. List of Operations or Skills to be Learned
  3. Conversion Table of English Linear Measurements into Metric