D'ni/Derivations

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search

Noun to adjective[edit]

A noun with the suffix -ec becomes an adjective

  • vog 'nature' > vog-ec 'natural'
  • fa 'one' > faec 'first'

Adjective to noun[edit]

An adjective with the suffix -(e)th becomes a noun

  • gica 'safe' > gica-th 'safety'
  • sögi 'stable' > sögi-th 'stability'

Note that the name Kerath means ‘[the] Brave One’ formed by the adjective kera ‘brave’ indicating a titulary function of this suffix.

Adjective to adverb[edit]

Similarly, -(e)sh is always suffixed onto adjectives and changes them to adverbs.

  • ten 'simple' > tenesh 'simply'
  • garo 'mighty' > garosh 'mightily'
  • kera 'brave' > kerash 'bravely'

Verb to noun[edit]

The -tav suffix is used with verbs and is understood to form common nouns.

  • tëgan 'to love' > re-tëgan-tav 'the love'
  • cav 'to live' > re-cav-tav 'the life'

The -tan suffix is used with verbs to make the actor.

  • re-tëgan-tan 'the lover'

The adverbs can be derived by -sh suffixed to an adjective

  • Kera 'brave' > Kera-sh 'bravely'