Cookbook:Cuisine of Armenia

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search

Cookbook | Recipes | Ingredients | Cuisines

Ghapama--pumpkin stuffed and baked with nuts, dried fruit and rice, which also has a folk song entirely dedicated to it
Freshly baked zhengyalov hats, a staple bread from Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) Republic

Armenian cuisine is the cuisine of Armenia or of the Armenians in the Armenian Diaspora. Given the geography and history of Armenia, Armenian cuisine is a representative of the cuisine of the Mediterranean and the Caucasus, with strong influences from Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and, to a lesser extent, from the Balkans. It is also to note that Armenians themselves have greatly influenced the culinary traditions of nearby countries or cities, such as Aleppo.[1] The preparation of a large number of meat, fish and vegetable dishes in the Armenian kitchen requires stuffing, frothing and pureeing.[2]

Meals[edit]

Appetizers[edit]

Kanachi--herbs that are served raw at the table as appetizer or side-dish
  • Boeregs -- savory pies made with phyllo pastry and stuffed with cheese
  • Hummus -- smooth chickpea paste
  • Narsharab
  • Sarma -- cabbage leaf roll filled with meat, rice and onions
  • Telov panir -- string cheese

Barbecue[edit]

Khorovats--Armenian beef barbeque

Barbecue is very popular in Armenia, and makes the primary offer of main courses in most restaurants. It is often eaten as fast food.

Soups[edit]

Harissa served with vegetables
Khash served hot with dried lavash, kanachi, and Armenian cognac

Seafood[edit]

Main course[edit]

  • Adjapsandal
  • Fasulya -- a stew made with green beans, lamb and tomato broth or other ingredients
  • Ghapama -- pumpkin stew
  • Karmir plav -- red rice with beef especially common among Persian-Armenians
  • Ktchoutch
  • Koufte -- fried or boiled dumplings consisting of spiced ground beef (sometimes with pine nuts) surrounded with a thin shell of bulgur and meat
Vine-leaf dolma
  • Lahmajoun -- soft flatbread topped with mince meat(usually beef, sometimes lamb), tomatoes and onions.
  • Moussaka -- baked dish consisting of spiced lamb and aubergine
  • Mujaddara -- cooked lentils and rice
  • Parinje plav or hajare plav -- a grain pilaf common among Persian-Armenians
  • Plav -- fried rice
  • Tjvjik -- fried liver and kidney with onions
  • Tolma -- spiced rice and meat wrapped in vine leaves or stuffed in squash or peppers.
  • Sarma -- cabbage leaf roll filled with meat, rice and onions

Meat products[edit]

  • Bastourma -- highly seasoned, air-dried cured beef
  • Soujoukh -- dry, spicy beef sausage
  • Yershig -- smaller, spiced pork sausage
Matsoon oo varung--yogurt with cucumbers

Dairy products[edit]

  • Labneh -- Dense yogurt made from sheep, cow, or goat milk. Often served with olive oil and spices.
  • Matsoun -- yogurt
  • Ttvaser

Bread[edit]

Choreg at an Armenian Easter celebration
  • Choreg -- a sweet breakfast bread, often rolled into a thin layer, rolled up and eaten by unpeeling the layers
  • Lahmajoun -- soft flatbread topped with mincemeat
  • Lavash -- soft, thin flatbread
  • Matnakash -- soft and puffy bread
  • Zaatar (with thyme)
  • Zhengyalov hats -- bread stuffed with herbs, a speciality of Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) cuisine

Salads[edit]

Sweets[edit]

Ritual[edit]

  • Aghablit -- salty bread taken the night of Surb Sargis Day (Feb. 14th) by youngsters, which can then cause them to see who their future partner will be, by offering them water in their dream
  • Nshkhar -- bread given to churchgoers after the Holy Badarak (Holy Mass)
  • Matagh -- sacrificial meat
  • Paska -- cylindrical pastry made on Easter, usually decorated by colored eggs around it and a cross on top
  • Pokhindz -- enjoyed on Trndez

Drinks[edit]

Armenian coffee served with a piece of halva

Non-alcoholic[edit]

Alcoholic[edit]

References[edit]

  • The Cuisine of Armenia by Sonia Uvezian, Dikran Palulian (Illustrator)
  1. [ My kind of town: Aleppo http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/main.jhtml?xml=/travel/2007/05/20/etmyaleppo120.xml]
  2. Pokhlebkin, V. V. Russian Delight: A Cookbook of the Soviet People. London: Pan Books, 1978