Chinese (Mandarin)/Radicals

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'偏旁,又称部件,是合体字的结构单位。原来把合体字的左边称「偏」,右边称「旁」;后来把合体字的结构部分统称为「偏旁」。比如位于合体字的左面,称「左偏旁」;右面,称「右偏旁」。

The word for radical in Chinese is 偏旁 (piānpáng), or simply 旁 (páng). A radical, or component of a character, usually indicates its meaning. 水 (shuǐ; water) with a 冫 becomes 冰 (bīng, ice). The 冫 hints that the character pertains to ice, like the "glaci-" in glacier. Radicals may also be used to differentiate characters that sound alike. 东 (dōng; east, owner) with a 冫 becomes 冻 (dòng; to freeze, jelly). Radicals, like characters, sometimes suggest their meaning by their appearance, for example, the 亻 in 他 (tā; him) is a compressed 人, and the 氵 in 江 (jiāng; river) looks like three water droplets. Radicals reduce the amount of memorization needed, be it for the language's ancient inventors or for you. In Chinese, the large number of homophones and rhyming words make this scheme possible. A character can have multiple radicals, for example, 捌 (bā; eight, see Numbers). Traditionally, the left part of composite characters was referred to as “piān” and the right side referred to as “páng.” Now, all parts of compound characters are generally referred to as “piānpáng.” For example, the left part of a compound character is referred to as 左偏旁 (zuǒ piānpáng), and the right side as 右偏旁 (yòu piānpáng).

Names of Radicals 中文偏旁的名称[edit]

一笔画 One Stroke[edit]

偏旁 Part 名称 Name 拼音 Pinyin 例子 Ex.
Héng 丁、丝、上
Shù 中、丰、串
竖钩 Shù gōu 事、予
丿 Piě 九、乍、乃
Zhé 买、予、乜
竖弯钩 Shù​ wān​ gōu 乜、也、乱
. Diǎn 以、义、主

二笔画 Two Strokes[edit]

偏旁 Part 名称 Name 拼音 Pinyin 例子 Ex.
包字头 Bāo zì tóu 勺、勾、匀
两点水 Liǎng diǎn shuǐ 冰、习、净
卜字旁 Bǔ zì páng 卡、卤、卧
偏厦 Piān shà 厕、原、厚
立刀旁 Lì dāo páng 刬、刘、判
三框栏 Sān kuàng lán 匠、匹、区
双耳旁
双耳刀
左耳刀
右耳刀
Shuāng ěr páng
Shuāng ěr dāo
Zuǒ ěr dāo
Yòu ěr dāo
阞、队、阡
邓、邗、邘
单耳旁 Dān ěr páng 卫、卬、卮
同字框 Tóng zì kuàng 冃、内、冈
秃宝盖 Tū bǎo gài 冗、冘、写
凶字框 Xiōng zì kuàng 凶、凹、凸
单人旁 Dān rén páng 亿、什、仁
私字 Sī zì 厾、去、厹
文字头 Wénzì tóu 亡、交、亢
言字旁 Yán zì páng 计、订、讣
建之旁 Jiàn zhī páng 延、廷、廸

三笔画 Three Strokes[edit]

偏旁 Part 名称 Name 拼音 Pinyin 例子 Ex.
草字头 Cǎo zì tóu 艺、艻、艾
出字头 Chū zì tóu 屯、屰
双人旁 Shuāng rén páng 彴、彷、彸
三拐 Sān guǎi 巠、巢、巤
走之儿
走之底
Zǒu zhī er
Zǒu zhī dǐ
边,辽、巡
弄字底 Nòng zì dǐ 开、弁、异
广 广字旁
广字头
Guǎng zì páng
Guǎng zì tóu
庀、庄、庆
宝盖
宝盖头
Bǎo gài
Bǎo gài tóu
宁、它、宄
反犬旁、
犬犹
Fǎn quǎn páng
Quǎn yóu
犯、犰、犴
三撇 Sān piě 形、彤、彦
食字旁 Shí zì páng 饥、饧、饨
提手旁、
剔手旁
Tí shǒu páng
Tī shǒu páng
扎、扐、扑
三点水 Sān diǎn shuǐ 氿、汀、汁
绞丝旁、
乱绞丝
Jiǎo sī páng
Luàn jiǎo sī
纠、纡、红
提土旁、
剔土旁
Tí tǔ páng
Tī tǔ páng
圢、圣、圥
竖心旁、
竖心
Shù xīn páng
Shù xīn
忆、忉、忋
尤字旁 Yóu zì páng 尤、尥、尨
折文 Zhé wén 处、夆、备
子字旁 Zǐ zì páng 孔、孕、孖
将字旁 Jiāng zì páng 壮、状、将
方匡 Fāng kuāng 囚、四、囝
门字旁 Mén zì páng 闩、闪、闫

四笔画 Four Strokes[edit]

偏旁 Part 名称 Name 拼音 Pinyin 例子 Ex.
四点 Sì diǎn 炁、炰、点
火字旁 Huǒ zì páng 灭、灯、灰
示字旁、
示补
Shì zì páng
Shì bǔ
礼、礽、社
斜玉旁、
斜玉旁
Xié yù páng
Xié yù páng
玉、玊、玍
木字旁 Mù zì páng 未、末、本
牛字旁、
剔牛
Niú zì páng
Tī niú
牝、牠、牡
月字旁 yue zi pang™ 明,期

五笔画 Five Strokes[edit]

偏旁 Part 名称 Name 拼音 Pinyin 例子 Ex.
病字旁、
病旁
Bìng zì páng
Bìng páng
疓、疔、疕
衣字旁、
衣补
Yī zì páng
Yī bǔ
初、补、衦
春字头 Chūn zì tóu 奉、奏、秦
四字头 Sì zì tóu 罗、罘、罚
皿字底、
皿墩
Mǐn zì dǐ,
Mǐn dūn
盂、盃、盅
金字旁 Jīn zì páng 钆、钇、针
禾木旁 Hé mù páng 禿、秀、私
登字头 Dēng zì tóu 癸、発、登

六笔画 Six Strokes[edit]

偏旁 Part 名称 Name 拼音 Pinyin 例子 Ex.
米字旁 Mǐ zì páng 籴、娄、籸
虎字头 Hǔ zì tóu 虎、虏、虐
竹字头 Zhú zì tóu 竺、笃、竼

七笔画 Seven Strokes[edit]

偏旁 Part 名称 Name 拼音 Pinyin 例子 Ex.
足字旁 Zú zì páng 趴、趵、趷