Catalan/Pronoms

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SUBJECT PRONOUNS:

  • I = jo
  • You (sing) = tu
  • He = ell
  • She = ella
  • You (formal)= Vostè
  • We = nosaltres
  • You (plur) = vosaltres
  • They (masc) = ells
  • They (plur) = elles
  • You (formal) = Vostès

OBJECT PRONOUNS:

  • Me = em (m') before the verb or me ('m) after the verb
  • You (singular) = et (t') before the verb or te ('t) after the verb
  • Him/her/it = es (s') before the verb or lo ('l)/la/ho/li after the verb
  • Us = ens before the verb or nos('ns) after the verb
  • You (plural) = us before the verb or vos('us) after the verb
  • Them = se (s') before the verb or los ('ls)/les after the verb

(Note

  • him/her/it: (Direct Object) lo ('l)/la/ho - (Indirect Object) li
  • them: (Direct Object) los ('ls)/les - (Indirect Object) los ('ls) )

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS:

  • My = el meu (m.sg.) / la meva (f.sg.) / els meus (m. pl.) / les meves (f. pl.)
  • Your = el teu (m.sg.) / la teva (f.sg.) / els teus (m. pl.) / les teves (f. pl.)
  • His/Her/Their = el seu (m.sg.) / la seva (f.sg.) / els seus (m. pl.) / les seves (f.pl.)
  • Our = el nostre (m. sg.) / la nostra (f.sg.) / els nostres (m.pl.) / les nostres (f.pl.)
  • Your = el vostre (m.sg.) / la vostra (f.sg.) / els vostres (m.pl.) / les vostres (f.pl.)
  • The alternatives 'llur' / 'llurs' exist for third person plural.
  • The following unstressed possessive pronouns are retained in certain dialects and in literature: mon/ma/mos/mes, ton/ta/tos/tes, son/sa/sos/ses, nostre/nostra/nostres/nostras, vostre/vostra/vostres/vostras, llur/llurs

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS:

  • THIS: aquest/aquesta/aquests/aquestes, açò
  • THAT: aqueix/aqueixa/aqueixos/aqueixes, això
  • YON: aquell/aquella/aquells/aquelles, allò

RELATIVE PRONOUNS:

  • el qual/la qual/els quals/les quals (which, who, whom)
  • que - that, which, who
  • què - what
  • qui - who, whom
  • on - where, when

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS

  • quin?/quina?/quins?/quines? - which (one/s)?
  • qui? - who?
  • què? - what?
  • com? - how?
  • on? - where?
  • quan? - when?
  • per què? - why?

INDEFINITE PRONOUNS

  • algú - somebody/someone
  • cadascú - each one
  • tothom - everyone
  • un/una/hom/un hom - one, you
  • tot = all
  • quelcom = something
  • alguna cosa = something

NEGATIVE PRONOUNS

  • ningú = no one
  • res = anything, nothing
  • (no) res = nothing

Examples: Res més? = Anything else? No vull res més. = I don't want anything else. No, res. = No, nothing.