Catalan/Alphabet

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All of the English comparisons are with General American English pronunciations. The Catalan alphabet consists of twenty-seven letters:

Letter IPA Name English comparison
A a /a/ or /ə/ a a in father when stressed; a in about otherwise (schwa)
B b /b/ or /p/ be p as in pat the end of the word; b as in ball elsewhere, but softer
C c /k/ or /s/ ce c as in ceiling before e or i; k as in kite elsewhere
Ç ç /s/ ce trencada c as in ceiling. Usually before a, o, u, but sometimes at ends of words like feliç [happy]
D d /d/ or /t/ de t as in tile at the end of the word; th as in there elsewhere
E e /e/, /ɛ/, /ə/ e e as in pencil or ai as in paint when stressed; a as in about otherwise (schwa)
F f /f/ efa f as in feather
G g /g/, /ʤ/ or /ʒ/ ge j as in jacket or s as in measure before e or i; g as in game elsewhere
H h hac silent
I i /i/, /j/ i y as in you before vowels; ea as in eat elsewhere
J j /ʤ/ or /ʒ/ jota j as in jacket or s as in measure
K k /k/ ke k as in kite; used only in foreign words
L l /l/ ela l as in lamp; always "clear"
M m /m/ ema m as in mother
N n /n/ ena n as in night
O o /o/, /ɔ/, /u/ o o as in phone or o as in pore when stressed; oo as in racoon elsewhere
P p /p/ pe p as in power
Q q /k/ cu k as in kite; always before u
R r /r/ or /ɾ/ erre fully trilled word-initially; t in bottle elsewhere
S s /s/ or /z/ esse z as in zipper between vowels; s as in sample elsewhere
T t /t/ te t as in time
U u /u/ or /w/ u w as in water before vowels; oo as in loot elsewhere
V v /b/ ve baixa b as in ball but softer
W w /w/ ve doble w as in water
X x /ʃ/ or /ks/ ics or xeix sh as in ship; x as in taxi in some words
Y y i grega It does not occur by itself. It’s used in the digraph ny to represent /ɲ/ (roughly like canyon)
Z z /z/ zeta z as in zipper