Burmese Grammar Guide

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Burmese Grammar Guide

A comprehensive review of Burmese Grammar


Table of Contents[edit]

  1. intro
    1. SOV
    2. comparison with other major languages (English, Chinese/Japanese, SEA languages)
    3. importance of particles
  2. verbs
    1. tenses
      1. present (-တယ်)
      2. past (-တယ်, -ခဲ့တယ်, -လိုက်, -လာ, -ထား)
      3. general future (-မယ်, -ခဲ့)
      4. intermediate future (-တော့မယ်)
      5. probable future event (-လိမ့်မည်)
    2. negation (မ-ဘူး)
    3. command (-ပါ, မ-နဲ့, -လိုက်, -တော့, -ဦး)
    4. progression (-နေ)
    5. completion (-ပြီ)
    6. pluralization (-ကြ)
    7. change of state (-သွား)
    8. expressing can/may/must/should
      1. can (-ရ, -တတ်, -နိုင်)
      2. may/must (-ရ)
  3. nouns
    1. numerical classifiers (such as ခု, ယောက်, ဦး)
    2. noun markers (အ-, -မှု, -ချက်, -ရေး, -စရာ, -ခြင်း, -နည်း)
    3. အ-[x]-အ-[y] forms
    4. understanding nominalization and how it is used in Burmese
    5. plural markers (-များ, -တွေ)
  4. pronouns
    1. demonstrative pronouns (ဒီ/ဒါ, ဤ, အဲဒီ/အဲဒါ, ဟို, ထို)
    2. personal pronouns
      1. formal
      2. informal
      3. pluralization (-တို့)
    3. interrogatives
      1. what/which (ဘာ, ဘယ်ဟာ)
      2. when (ဘယ်တော့, ဘယ်အချိန်, ဘယ်တုန်း)
      3. where (ဘယ်မှာ, ဘယ်နေရာ)
      4. why (ဘယ်ဖြစ်လို့, ဘာကြောင့်)
      5. others (ဘယ်လို, ဘယ်သူ)
  5. adjectives
    1. adjective markers (-သော, -သည့်, -မည့်, -တဲ့)
    2. reduplication
  6. adverbs
    1. adverb marker (-စွာ)
    2. adverb forming through reduplication
  7. postpositions
    1. of location (-မှာ, -ပေါ်, -အောက်, -ထဲ, -ပြင်)
    2. how to combine particles such as -မှာ, -ပေါ် and -ထဲ to mean things like 'about/on [this topic]'
    3. others (-ကို, -နဲ့, မ-ဘဲ[နဲ့], -အတွက်, -ပေမဲ့/-ပေမယ်)
  8. conjunctions
    1. -ပြီး and all its variations
    2. -နှင့်, -လို့, -ဖို့, -အောင်
  9. sentence-level syntax
    1. subject, object marker
    2. reported speech
    3. Emphasis Particles (-ပဲ, -လေ, -လေး, -တော့, ပေါ့)
    4. order of particles
    5. other final particles (such as -စေ, -မိ, -စို့)
    6. analysis of some complex sentences
  10. Comparison Of Formal And Colloquial Speech
    1. Mapping Of Particles From Formal To Colloquial