Aros/User/DOS

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The AROS shell[edit]

In Wanderer (AROS Desktop / GUI), hit RightAROS + w (or F12 + w) (or use right mousebutton to access Wanderer's menu on the top of the screen) to open a shell window. To close the shell window, click on the top left X of the shell window or type in

endcli



Beginners Tutorial / Basic Usage[edit]

By default, the current directory is being displayed as part of your shell prompt. By default, your starting point is 'System:', the OS' root directory.

System:>

Type 'dir' and hit return. You will see the contents of the current directory.

System:>dir

You can run an executable or enter a directory just by typing it's name (and hitting return). Enter the 'C' directory simply by typing 'c' (AROS DOS is case insensitive):

System:>c

Now press the up-arrow button twice. AROS shell has got a command history, which allows you to repeat or re-use commands quickly. Now you should see the 'dir' command again, so hit return. You will see the contents of the 'c' directory you've just entered.

System:c>dir


This directory is AROS' primary location for executables which can be run from any directory. Now type '/' (just a slash) and hit return. You've just moved up one directory, back to 'System:'

System:>

Now try another 'dir' like command (which resides in the 'c' directory), 'list':

System:>list

The output is quite the same as 'dir'. But you can control the 'list' output with options. AROS DOS command line options are recognized by their name, and eventually their position on the command line. Try this:

System:>list sub d

The output will now consist of all the directories contents which names contain the substring 'd'. Another example, another option:

System:>list sub d all

This will list the contents matching 'd' recursively.



AROS dos script scripting[edit]

http://uk.aminet.net/docs/help/adosbegin.lha

http://se.aminet.net/pub/aminet/docs/help/adosbegin.lha


IF <condition>

these commands are executed if the condition is true

ELSE

these commands are executed if the condition is false

ENDIF

<condition> can be one of

WARN - return code of the previous command is 5 or higher.

ERROR - return code of the previous command is 10 or higher.

FAIL - return code of the previous command is 20 or higher.

EXISTS <filename> - check if file or directory exists.

<a> EQ <b> - string comparison.

<a> EQ <b> VAL - numeric comparison.

<a> GT <b> - same as EQ, just means "greater than".

<a> GE <b> - same as EQ, just means "greater or equal".

any of the above can be negated by NOT. e.g. use NOT GT for "less or equal" or NOT GE for "less than".



Escape Codes[edit]

07 Bell - Flash screen and sound bell
08 Backspace - move cursor back one position
09 vertical tab - move cursor up one line
10 line feed - move cursor down one line
11 is not listed in my book
12 form feed - clear screen
13 Carriage return - move cursor to start of line
14 Set MSB of each character. (Print extended chars)
15 Clear MSB of each character.
*e[c - Clear window and turn all modes off
*e[0m - All modes turned off
*e[1m - Bold text enabled
*e[3m - Italic enable
*e[4m - Uderline
*e[7m - Inverted text enable
*e[8m - text becomes invisible (grey on grey)
*e[3xm - Text colour becomes colour x (0-7)
*e[4xm - Background colour becomes colour x (0-7)
*e[n@ - Insert n spaces at cursor position.
*e[nA - Cursor up n lines. Default 1
*e[nB - Cursor down n lines. Default 1
*e[nC - Cursor forward n characters. Default 1
*e[nD - Cursor back n characters. Default 1
*e[nE - Cursor next n lines(to column 1). Default 1
*e[nH - Cursor to row n (Y position)
*e[;nH - Cursor to column n (X position)
*e[y;xH - Cursor to position X,Y
*e[J - Erase from cursor to end of display
*e[K - Erase from cursor to end of line
*e[I - Insert line above line at cursor
*e[M - Delete line at cursor
*e[nS - Scroll up n lines
*e[nT - Scroll down n lines
*e[nt - set page length to n lines (in current font)
*e[nu - Set line length in characters of current font
*e[nx - Set left offset in characters
*e[ny - Set top offset in lines
*e[0 p - Disable cursor: Note space between zero and p
*e[ p - Enable cursor. Note space


Example of coloured text in the shell

prompt "*E[>1m*E[1;37;41m%n.%s> *E[0;32;41m"
echo "*E[0;0H*E[J" 
 
*E[>1m

Is a so called SGR command that omits the first few parameters. It turns BOLD ON.

 
*E[1;37;41m%n.%s> 

SGR command that tells: - boldface (1) - foregroundcolor 7 (37). Which means it is using pencolor #7 (which is black by default on aros, hence the setpencolor command). - use background color 1 (41). Which means it is using pencolor #1 (which is black by default on aros). - %n means printing the current opened cli/shell-number - %s means printing the current path - > print a nice pipe token after all the above (and also a space-character).

 
*E[0;32;41m

SGR command that tells: - plain text (0) - foregroundcolor 2 (32). Which means it is using pencolor #2 (which is white by default on aros). - backgroundcolor 1 (41). Which means it is using pencolor #1 (which is black by default on aros).

 
*E[0;0H

command 'Cursor position' - set row to 0 (0) - set column to 0 (0) Please note that this does not seem to work on AROS as on classic (not checked). it seems that the lowest nr for AROS to use is 1 (for both left and top).

 
*E[J

command 'erase in display' (no additional parameters used in this command).



Drives, Files, Assigns, Directories[edit]

A certain set of directories and files needed by the operating system will be present in every AROS distribution. Additionally, "assigns" (logical, not physical, drives) point to physical drive's partitions or locations in the partition's directory structure.


Physical drives[edit]

By default harddrives on the IDE bus are assigned the drive names "DH0:", "DH1:", etc.
By default USB pendrives are assigned the drive names "DU0:", "DU1:", etc.
By default CD / DVD drives on the IDE bus are assigned the drive names "CD0:", "CD1:", etc.



Logical drives, "assigns"[edit]

SYS: Extras: DEVS: Development: L: S: LIBS: C: ENV: RAM: ENVARC: MUI: T:


Directories and files[edit]

SYS:Prefs[edit]

...contains all system preferences programs, like "Screenmode", "Locale", "Time", "Trident" (USB), etc. Is part of default path, thus entering "screenmode" in shell will bring up "Screenmode" prefs program.


SYS:Devs[edit]

...contains device drivers and datatypes. Move a file to the corresponding subdirectory of "SYS:Storage" to disable it (after reboot). More (currently disabled) device drivers or datatypes may be found unter "SYS:Storage", move to "Devs:" to enable (after reboot).

SYS:Storage[edit]

...is a directory meant to store optional or currently unused devices and datatypes. Move contents of "Devs:" (see above) here to disable device drivers (after reboot).


S:startup-sequence[edit]

...is a script that will be run when starting up the operating system. It is also used by some applications to store their individial requirements (if any - mosty this will be a line like "assign PROGRAMNAME: SYS:path/to/installation/of/PROGRAMNAME")


S:user-startup[edit]

...is a script that will be run by S:startup-sequence. It's the place to put your own stuff. Imagine you have some executable programs installed in a different directory than "C:" (or any other in default "path") but still want to access them without typing their full paths, you may add a line like this: "path WORK:path/to/my/program/ add".

It is also used by some applications to store their individial requirements (see above).


S:shell-startup[edit]

...is a script that will be run when starting up a new shell. By default, it contains commands that define the look of your shell prompt. See description of 'prompt' command.




AROS DOS Commands Reference[edit]

Key desc
/A Required argument
/F Final argument in list
/K Keyword must be entered with argument
/M Multiple arguments
/N Number
/S Switch (optional)


Addbuffers
Format: Addbuffers Drive/A Buffers/N
Purpose: Add memory to disk buffers to improve speed.
Parameters:
Drive
Name of drive
Buffers
Number of 512k buffers to add.
Example: Addbuffers DH0: 10


AddDatatypes
Format: AddDataTypes files/M QUIET/S REFRESH/S LIST/S
Purpose: Activates datatypes or adds another datatype if not detected at startup
Parameters:
files
List of datatypes to add,
Quiet
No output,
Refresh
Update datatypes.
Example: AddDataTypes gif.datatype REFRESH


Alias
Format: Alias Name String/F
Purpose: Assigns a short name to a dos command.
Parameters:
Name
Alias name,
String
String or command to use for alias.
Example: Alias Del Delete


Ask
Format: Ask Prompt/A
Purpose: Asks a question in a script (reply y/n). Use IF WARN to test for a yes (value 5).
Parameters:
Prompt
Text to be displayed.
Example: Ask "Are you sure? Y/n"


Assign
Format: Assign Name Target/M LIST/S EXISTS/S DISMOUNT/S DEFER/S PATH/S ADD/S REMOVE/S
VOLS/S DIRS/S DEVICES/S
Purpose: Assign names to directory paths.
Parameters:
Name
Name of the assign,
Target
Directory path,
List
Display list of assigns
Exists
Test if assign exists (use IF WARN),
Dismount
Remove assign
Defer
Assign later
Path
Add assign with path,
Add
Add a new target to existing path (like LIBS:)
Remove
Remove an assign,
Vols
List volumes,
Dirs
List directories,
Devices
List devices.
Example: Assign Development: Extras:bin


Avail
Format: Avail CHIP/S FAST/S TOTAL/S FLUSH/S
Purpose: Memory availability
Parameters:
Chip
Display chip memory
Fast
Display fast memory
Total
Display all memory
Flush
Free up memory
Example: Avail TOTAL


Break
Format: Break Process/A/N ALL/S C/S D/S E/S F/S
Purpose: Stop a program (see Status)
Paramters:
Process
Process name or Port
All
Apply C,D,E and F
C
Apply Ctrl+C
D
Apply Ctrl+d
E
Apply Ctrl+E
F
Apply Ctrl+F
Example: Break 2 C


CD
Format: CD Dir/A
Purpose: Change directory
Parameters:
Dir
Directory to change to
Example: CD Text_Files


ChangeTaskPri
Format: ChangeTaskPri Pri=Priority/A/N Process/K/N
Purpose: Changes program's execution priority (see Status)
Parameters:
Pri
Priority to apply (-128 to +127)
Process
Process number (see Status)
Example: ChangeTaskPri 2 1


Conclip
Format: Conclip Unit/N OFF/S
Purpose: Activates clipboard device
Parameters:
Unit
Clipboard unit
Off
Turn off clipboard
Example: Conclip 1


Copy
Format: Copy From/M To/A ALL/S QUIET/S BUF=BUFFER/K/N CLONE/S DATES/S NOPRO/S COM/S NOREQ/S
Purpose: Copy files (with/without protection bits)
Parameters:
From
Files to copy,
To
Directory or file to copy to
All
Copy all files,
Quiet
No output,
Buffer
Size of buffer (default = 100K)
Clone
Copy file and datestamp, protect bits and comment
Dates
Copy datestamp as well
NoPro
Set default protection bits
Com
Copy comment
NoReq
No requester popups
Example: Copy mydoc.txt docs: Dates


Date
Format: Date Day Date Time To=Ver/K
Purpose: Display/change date or time
Parameters:
Day
Day of the Week,
Date
Date in dd-mmm-yy format
Time
Time in hh:mm[:ss] format
To
Save to filename
Example: Date To=date.txt


Delete
Format: Delete File/M/A ALL/S QUIET/S FORCE/S
Purpose: Delete files and/or directories.
Parameters:
Files
One or more files
All
Delete all subfolders and files
Quiet
No output
Force
Ignore protection flags when deleting
Example: Delete OldFilesDir All


Dir
Format: Dir Dir Opt/K ALL/S DIRS/S FILES/S INTER/S
Purpose: List contents of a directory
Parameters:
Dir
Directory
Opt
Option
Dirs
List directories
Files
List Files
Inter
Interactive mode.
Example: Dir S: Files


Diskchange
Format: Diskchange Device/A
Purpose: Tell Dos that a disk has been swapped in a non-autosensing disk drive.
Parameters:
Device
Name of removable device.
Example: Diskchange DU2:


Echo
Format: Echo String/M NOLINE/S FIRST/K/N LEN/K/N TO/K
Purpose: Display text in a script or part of a string of text.
Parameters:
String
Text to display
NoLine
Do not print a new line
First
Position of first character
Len
Length of substring
To
Destination file
Example: Echo "Enter your name: " NoLine


Else
Format: Else
Purpose: Used with IF, if not true do these commands
Example:

If Exists s:User-Startup Else Endif


EndCLI
Format: EndCLI
Purpose: Close CLI console window
Example: EndCLI


Endif
Format: Endif
Purpose: End a IF..ELSE..ENDIF block
Example: If $Age GT 65

Else Endif


Endskip
Format: Endskip
Purpose: Stops a SKIP branch (for debugging)
Example: Endskip


Eval
Format: Eval Value1/A Op Value2/M To/K LFormat/K
Purpose: Evaluate a simple arithmetic expression
Parameters:
Value1, Value2
Values to evaluate (Decimal, Hex (0xn) or Octal (0nnn),
Op
Operlexiaation (+,-,*,/,^,%),
To
File to save result,
LFormat
Output format string (use *n to give a line feed).
Example: Eval $count + 1 to env:count


Execute
Format: Execute File/A
Purpose: Execute a script or batch file
Parameters:
File
Script file to execute
Example: Execute PCD


Failat
Format: Failat RCLIM/A
Purpose: Change failure limit for scripts (0,5,10,20)
(0 - Ok, 5 - Warn, 10 - Error, 20 - Fail)
Parameters:
RCLIM
Failat number (0-20)
Example: Failat 20


Fault
Format: Fault Error/N/M
Purpose: Display error message from a code
Parameters:
Error
One or more error numbers
Example: Fault 221
"Fault 221: Disk is full"


FileNote
Format: Filenote File/A Comment ALL/S QUIET/S
Purpose: Attach a comment to a file (see LIST)
Parameters:
File
File to add comment to
Comment
Text to apply
All
Apply to all files,
Quiet
No output
Example: FileNote List.txt "A list of people's names"


Format
Format: Format Device Drive/K/A Name/K/A OFS/FFS/SFS
DIRCACHE/S NODIRCACHE/S NOICONS/S QUICK/S
Purpose: Initialises AROS disks (in System drawer)
Parameters:
Device|Drive
Disk device or name to format
Name
New volume name
OFS
Old Filing System
FFS
Fast File System
Intl|International
FFS International mode
NoIntl|NoInternational
International mode off
SFS
Smart Filesystem
DirCache|NoDirCache
Directory caching on or off,
NoIcons
No disk or trash icons
Quick
Less thorough format
Example: format drive dh0: name AROS

Format Drive DH2: Name Docs SFS NOICONS QUICK


Get
Format: Get Name/A
Purpose: Returns contents of local env variable
Parameters:
Name
Enviornment variable name
Example: Get RC


Getenv
Format: Getenv Name/A
Purpose: Return contents of a global environment variable
Parameters:
Name
Enviornment variable name
Example: Getenv Wanderer


Iconx
Format: Iconx
Purpose: Enables a script to be run from Workbench. The script must have a Project .info file and
the Default Tool set to c:IconX to run it.
Example: Iconx


If
Format: If NOT/S WARN/S ERROR/S FAIL/S EQ/K GT/K GE/K VAL/S EXISTS/K
Purpose: If condition is true execute following commands until an ELSE or ENDIF occurs.
Parameters:
Not
Reverse boolean result,
Warn
Test warn flag from previous command,
Error
Test error flag from previous command,
Fail
Test fail flag from previous command,
EQ
Equality test,
GT
Greater than test,
GE
Greater or equal test,
VAL
Input is a number,
Exists
Test file exists.
Example: IF WARN, IF $count GT 10, IF EXISTS C:List


Info
Format: Info Device
Purpose: Displays information about disks
Parameters:
Device
Name of device to display
Example: Info DH0:


Install
Format: Install Device/A NOBOOT/S CHECK/S FFS/S
Purpose: Saves a bootblock to a disk. If you have only one drive type INSTALL ? and
swap disks and then type DF0: and press RETURN to save bootblock.
Parameters:
Device
Disk to install bootblock,
NoBoot
Erase bootblock,
Check
Test for bootblock,
FFS = Use Fast File System.
Example: Install DH0:


IPrefs
Format: IPrefs
Purpose: Initialises preferences files on startup.
Example: IPrefs


Join
Format: Join File/M/A AS=TO/K/A
Purpose: Join two or files together.
Parameters:
File
File(s) to join together,
To|as
Destination file
Example: Join File1 File2 File3 as FileFull


Lab
Format: Lab Label
Purpose: State a Label to Skip to in a script
Parameters:
Label
Name of label
Example: Lab PROC2


List
Format: List Dir/M P=PAT/K KEYS/S DATES/S NODATES/S To/K Sub/K Since/K Upto/K
QUICK/S BLOCK/S NOHEAD/S FILES/S DIRS/S LFORMAT/K ALL/S
Purpose: List file details in a directory.
Parameters:
Dir
One or more directory name(s)
Keys
Display keys
NoDates
Do not display dates
To
Destination file
Sub
Subdirectories included
Since
List files since date given
Upto
List files upto given date
Quick
Simple directory list
Block
List files in block sizes
NoHead
Do not display header lines
Files
Files only
Dirs
Directorys only
LFormat
Output list using this format string
All
All files
Example: List Development: Block Dates Since=01-Jul-00


Lock
Format: Lock Drive/A ON/S OFF/S Passkey
Purpose: Lock a device from writing.
Parameters:
Drive
Drive to lock
On|Off
Turn lock on or off
PassKey
Specify password.
Example: Lock DH1: On GHK459


MakeDir
Format: Makedir Name/M
Purpose: Create one or more new directories.
Parameters:
Name
One or more directories to create.
Example: MakeDir DH1:Docs DH1:Basic DH0:TempFiles


MakeLink
Format: MakeLink From/A To/A HARD/S FORCE/S
Purpose: Creates a logical link between files
Parameters:
From
Link file
To
Actual file
Hard
Hard link
Force
Link to sub-directory
Example: MakeLink T C:Type Hard


Mount
Format: Mount Device/M From/K
Purpose: Loads and mount a device
Parameters:
Device
Device to mount
From
Mount file
Example: Mount DEVS:CD0


NewShell
Format: NewShell Window From
Purpose: Open a new Shell console (CON) window
Parameters:
Window
Window config string
From
Alternative script to Shell-Script.
Example: NewShell From S:Shell-Startup


Path
Format: Path Path/M ADD/S SHOW/S RESET/S REMOVE/S QUIET/S
Purpose: Set or change the program search path
Parameters:
Path
Directory path to change
Add
Add path
Show
Display path,
Reset
Clear path
Remove
Remove entry from path
Quiet
No output
Example: Path SC:C Add


Prompt
Format: Prompt Prompt
Purpose: Change the prompt text (Codes: %R = last return code,
 %S = Current path, %N = CLI Number)
Parameters:
Prompt
Path format
Example: Prompt "%N.%S> "


Protect
Format: Protect File/A Flags ADD/S SUB/S ALL/S QUIET/S
Purpose: Change the 'rwedsp' flags of a file. (r=read,w=write, e=execute,d=delete,s=script,p=pure)
Parameters:
File
File to change
Flags
One or more flags
Add
Add flag(s) to existing flags
Sub
Remove flags from file
All
Change all files
Quiet
No output
Example: Protect Editor rwed


Quit
Format: Quit RC/N
Purpose: Quit a script with optional return code
Parameters:
RC
Return Code
Example: Quit 5


Relabel
Format: Relabel Drive/A Name/A
Purpose: Change name of a disk
Parameters:
Drive
Disk to change
Name
New volume name
Example: Relabel DH2: Documents


Rename
Format: Rename From/A/M To=As/A QUIET/S
Purpose: Rename or move one or more files
Parameters:
From
Old filename
To|As
New filename
Quiet
No output
Example: Rename MyDoc as MyDoc.doc


RequestChoice
Format: RequestChoice Title/A Body/A Gadgets/M PubScreen/K
Purpose: Asks for input via a requester
Parameters:
Title
Title for dialog box
Body
Text for dialog box
Gadgets
List of buttons
Pubscreen
Screen to use
Example: RequestChoice >ENV:RT "Format" "About to format your hard disk*nAre you sure?" "Go ahead" "No way!"


RequestFile
Format: RequestFile Drawer File/K Pattern/K Title/K Positive/K Negative/K AcceptPattern/K RejectPattern/K
SAVEMODE/S MULTISELECT/S DRAWERSONLY/S NOICONS/S PUBSCREEN/K
Parameters:
Drawer
Initial drawer to use,
File
Initial file name,
Pattern
Use pattern as filter,
Title
Title of dialog box,
Positive
Text for OK button,
Negative
Text for Cancel button,
AcceptPattern
Defines file pattern(s) to show (overrides Pattern),
RejectPattern
Pattern(s) of files to hide,
SaveMode
Change colours to indicate Save or other mode,
MultiSelect
Allow multiple file selection,
DrawersOnly
Display only directories,
NoIcons
Suppress info files,
PubScreen
Screen to use.
Purpose: Asks for a filename via ASL file requester
Example: RequestFile >ENV:File Title "Select a File" Positive "Load" Noicons


Resident
Format: Resident Name File REMOVE/S ADD/S REPLACE/S PURE=FORCE/S SYSTEM/S
Purpose: Stores AmigaDOS command in memory (quicker then reloading from disk each time it is executed).
To ensure a command can be made resident check the pure flag (see List).
Parameters:
Name|File
File to be made resident,
Remove
Remove file from resident list,
Add
Add file to resident memory,
Pure|Force
Force a non-pure file to be resident,
System
Show system's resident code segments.
Example: Resident C:Dir Pure


Run
Format: Run Command/F
Purpose: Execute a program in the background (multi-task)
Parameters:
Command
Program to run
Example: Run DirectoryOpus > NIL:


Search
Format: Search From/M Search/A ALL/S NONUM/S QUIET/S QUICK/S FILE/S PATTERN/S
Purpose: Search for a string in a file or a file on a disk
Parameters:
From
Directory to search from,
Search
Text to search for,
All
Search sub-directories,
NoNum
Line numbers are not displayed,
Quiet
No Output,
Quick
Reduce output listing,
File
Search a file rather than content,
Pattern
Search using a pattern.
Example: Search SYS: "List" File All


Set
Format: Set Name String/F
Purpose: Sets or lists a local environment variable (local to current shell or current process)
Parameters:
Name
Variable name,
String
Text or number for variable
Example: Set MyName "Peter"


SetClock
Format: Setclock LOAD/S SAVE/S RESET/S
Purpose: Load or set the date and time from battery-backed clock
Parameters:
Load
Load date from clock
Save
Save date and time to clock
Reset
Resets the click
Example: Date 27-Nov-00 10:00, SetClock Save


SetDate
Format: Setdate File/A Weekday Date Time ALL/S
Purpose: Set date of a file or directory (see List)
Parameters:
File
File to change,
Weekday
Day of week,
Date
Date,
Time
Time,
All
All files
Example: Setdate DEVS: Monday 10:30


Setenv
Format: Setenv Name String/F
Purpose: Change the contents of a environment variable
Parameters:
Name
Variable name
String
Text or number for variable
Example: Setenv Wanderer "44"


SetKeyboard
Format: Setkeyboard Keymap/A
Purpose: Sets keyboard layout using layouts in Devs:Keymaps. You can use the Input preferences instead.
Parameters:
Keymap
Keymap file to use
Example: SetKeyboard USA0


Skip
Format: Skip Label BACK/S
Purpose: Jump to a label in a script (see Lab). Use back if label occurs before Skip command.
Parameters:
Label
Label name to skip to,
Back
Go back in script to label
Example: Skip Lab2 Back


Sort
Format: Sort From/A To/A Colstart/K CASE/S NUMERIC/S
Purpose: Sort a file and output to new file
Parameters:
From
File to sort, To = Output file, Colstart = Column to sort from,
Case
Upper case entries are done first,
Numeric
Input treated as numbers.
Example: Sort Figures To SortedFigures Numeric


Stack
Format: Stack Size/N
Purpose: Change/display amount of stack space in bytes.
Parameters:
Size
Stack size in bytes
Example: Stack 1000000


Status
Format: Status Process/N FULL/S TCB/S CLI=ALL/S COM=COMMAND/K
Purpose: Display status of running programs. TCB is Task Control Block
Parameters:
Process
Task number
Full
Full output of process info
TCB
Information except the command name
CLI|All
Command info only
COM|Command
Search for command
Example: Status 2 Full


Type
Format: N/K HEX/S NUMBER/S
Purpose: Display contents of text file on screen and binary files using HEX with optional line numbers.
Parameters:
From
Text file to display
To
Output file or device
Opt H | Hex
Display as hex values
Opt N | Number
Number the lines.
Example: Type C:DIR HEX


Unset
Format: Unset Name
Purpose: Remove a local env variable
Parameters:
Name
Environment variable name
Example: Unset MyName


Unsetenv
Format: Unsetenv Name
Purpose: Remove a global env variable
Parameters:
Name
Environment variable name
Example: Unsetenv Wanderer


Unalias
Format: Unalias Name
Purpose: Remove a short name for a command
Parameters:
Name
Alias name
Example: UnAlias MyDir


Version
Format: Version Name Version/N Revision/N FILE/S FULL/S Unit/N INTERNAL/S RES/S
Purpose: Display workbench, library or device version information.
Parameters:
Name
File
Version
Print Kickstart or Workbench number and sets env variables and sets Warn flag
Revision
As Version but for Revision numer, File = Check file rather than memory
Full
Display full information,
Internal
Check internal files,
Res
Check resident files.
Example: Version kickstart Version=39 Revision=106


Wait
Format: Wait Time/N SEC=SECS/S MIN=MINS/S UNTIL/K
Purpose: Wait for a specified period of time
Parameters:
Time
Time period in either Sec (Seconds) or Mins (Minutes)
Until
Wait until a time
Example: Wait Until 12:00


Which
Format: Which File/A NORES/S RES/S ALL/S
Purpose: Find where a file is in command path (see Path) and sets Warn flag.
Parameters:
File
File to locate
NoRes
Resident list is not searched
Res
Only the resident list is searched
All
Search full path
Example: Which Multiview


Why
Format: Why
Purpose: Display reason why a previous command failed
Example: Why

Additional DOS commands[edit]

DMS
Format:
 DMS Read file[.DMS] [FROM dev:] [TEXT filetext] [CMODE mode] [LOW lowtrack] [HIGH hightrack] [NOVAL] [NOZERO] [ENCRYPT password]
 DMS Write file[.DMS],,, [TO dev:] [LOW lowtrack] [HIGH hightrack] [NOVAL] [NOTEXT] [NOPAUSE [DECRYPT password]
 DMS Repack file[.DMS] [TO dev:] [LOW lowtrack] [HIGH hightrack] [CMODE mode]
 DMS View file[.DMS],,, [FULL] DMS Text file[.DMS],,,
 DMS Test file[.DMS],,, DMS Help
Purpose:  To read, write or view Disk Masher disk images of floppy disks.
Example: DMS Write MyDisk.DMS FROM DF0:

Installer
Format:  Installer [SCRIPT] filename <[APPNAME] name> <[MINIUSER] level> <[DEFUSER] default> <[LOGFILE] 
 logname> <[LANGUAGE] language> <NOPRETEND> <NOLOG> <NOPRINT>
Purpose: To install an application via a installer script. Usually provided as a default tool for script 
 files in icon.
Example: Installer SCRIPT InstallApp APPNAME MyProgram LOGFILE DH0:MyProgram.log

LHA
Format:  LHA [-options] <command> <archive[.LZH|LHA]> [[homedir] <filespec...] [@file] [destination]
Purpose: To create, modify or list LHA or LZH files
Examples:
LHA a pictures.lha #?.jpg (archives all jpg files into pictures.lha)
LHA l pictures.lha        (lists all files in pictures.lha)
LHA x pictures.lha        (extracts all files from pictures.lha)

LZX
Format:  LZX [-options] <command> <archive> [<file> ...] [<destdir>]
Purpose: To create, modify or list LZX archive files.
Examples:
LZX a documents.lzx #?.doc (archives all doc files into documents.lzx)
LZX l documents.lzx        (lists all files in documents.lzx)
LZX x documents.lzx        (extracts all files from documents.lzx)

Additional DOS Information[edit]

Clear Screen
Example: Echo "*E[0;0H*E[J"
Purpose: Clears the screen. Uses printer commands to control text formatting in CLI, so *E is equivalent to ESC character.The command clear is normally defined using an Alias or an AmigaDOS script in S: folder.

Text in Italics
Example: Echo "*E[3mItalics*E[23m"
Purpose: *E[3m turns on italics and *E[23m turns off italics

Text in Bold
Example: Echo "*E[1mBold*E[22m"
Purpose: *E[1m turns on bold, and *E[22m turns off bold.

Underline Text
Example: Echo "*E[4mUnderline*E[24m"
Purpose: *E[4m turns on underline, and *E24m turns off underline.

Coloured Text
Example: Echo "*E[32mRed Text*E[0m"
Purpose: *E[nm where n=30-39 for foreground color or n=40-49 for background colour.
*E[0m resets to normal character set.

Seems that Amiga shell allows an escape sequence to begin with just the 0x9B character, OR it allows the more traditional 0x1B character (033 in octal) followed the [ character. For sake of clarity, I will represent it by the C string \033[

AROS does not understand the \033[0m sequence, therefore you need to reset it using another colour sequence (on the assumption that the user has not changed the default Shell colours). This turns out to be \033[31;40m . It makes sense to play it safe, and follow it by the (ignored on AROS) \033[0m sequence.

Therefore my final highlight code looks like this:

printf("Before\033[32;43mDuring\033[31;40m\033[0mAfter\n");

Or if you code in E (like me) then it is this:

PrintF('Before\e[32;43mDuring\e[31;40m\e[0mAfter\n')

DOS commands only present in AROS[edit]

AddAudioModes
Format:
Purpose:
Parameters: Files/M Quiet/S Refresh/S Remove/S DblScan/S
Example:


Beep
Format:
Purpose:
Parameters:
Example:


CheckMem
Format:
Purpose:
Parameters:
Example:


Delay
Format:
Purpose:
Parameters: Time/N Tick=Ticks/S
Example:


DevList
Format: DevList
Purpose: gives a list of devices running - address, version, revision, opencnt, flags, name
Parameters:
Example: devlist


LibList
Format: LibList
Purpose: gives address, version, revision, opencnt, flags, name of open libraries and mui
Parameters:
Example: liblist


Reboot
Format: Reboot
Purpose: warm reboots machine - not functioning
Parameters:
Example:


ResList
Format: reslist
Purpose: gives a list of resources - name and address
Parameters:
Example: reslist


Shutdown
Format: shutdown
Purpose: power off computer
Parameters:
Example: not functioning


}

Examples[edit]

Is there a way to unzip more say 10 zipped archived at a time

list #?.zip lformat "unzip %N" >script
execute script
 
Resident >NIL: C:RequestChoice PURE
Resident >NIL: C:RequestFile PURE
 
; $VER: DMSMaker v1.0 (11.7.96) Richard Burke
 
lab Start
if EXISTS ENV:Choice
        delete ENV:Choice >NIL:
endif
 
if EXISTS ENV:Tst
        delete ENV:Tst >NIL:
endif
 
if EXISTS ENV:V
        delete ENV:V >NIL:
endif
 
if EXISTS ENV:Re
        delete ENV:Re >NIL:
endif
 
if EXISTS ENV:DMS
        delete ENV:DMS >NIL:
endif
 
if EXISTS ENV:De
        delete ENV:De >NIL:
endif
 
if EXISTS ENV:DeDev
        delete ENV:DeVol >NIL:
endif
 
if EXISTS ENV:Cr
        delete ENV:Cr >NIL:
endif
 
if EXISTS ENV:CrSv
        delete ENV:CrSv  >NIL:
endif
 
if EXISTS ENV:Mode
        delete ENV:Mode >NIL:
endif
 
if EXISTS ENV:Mode1
        delete ENV:Mode1 >NIL:
endif
 
which DMS all >ENV:DMS
 
RequestChoice >ENV:Choice "Welcome!" "Welcome to the DMSMaker! Choose an action" "Crunch" "Decrunch" "Repack" "View" "Test" "Quit"
 
if $Choice EQ 1
        lab Dev
        RequestFile >ENV:Cr DRAWERSONLY TITLE "Choose DEVICE to crunch" POSITIVE "Crunch" NEGATIVE "Return to menu"
                if WARN
                        skip Start BACK
                endif
                if NOT EXISTS $Cr
                        echo "DEVICE does not exist! Choose again!"
                        skip Dev BACK
                endif
        RequestChoice >ENV:Mode1 "Crunch Mode" "Choose degree of crunching" "Best" "None" "Heavy1" "Heavy2" "Return to menu"
                if WARN
                        skip Start BACK
                endif
                if $Mode1 EQ 1
                        echo "BEST" >ENV:Mode
                endif
                if $Mode1 EQ 2
                        echo "NONE" >ENV:Mode
                endif
                if $Mode1 EQ 3
                        echo "HEAVY1" >ENV:Mode
                endif
                if $Mode1 EQ 4
                        echo "HEAVY2" >ENV:Mode
                endif
        RequestFile >ENV:CrSv TITLE "Save crunched file as..." ACCEPTPATTERN "#?.dms" FILE ".dms" POSITIVE "Save" NEGATIVE "Return to menu"
                if WARN
                        skip Start BACK
                endif
        $DMS read $CrSv FROM $Cr CMODE $Mode
        echo "File crunched!"
endif
 
if $Choice EQ 2
        lab Dec
        RequestFile >ENV:De TITLE "Choose FILE to decrunch" ACCEPTPATTERN "#?.dms" POSITIVE "Decrunch" NEGATIVE "Return to menu"
                if WARN
                        skip Start BACK
                endif
                if NOT EXISTS $De
                        echo "FILE does not exist! Choose again!"
                        skip Dec BACK
                endif
        lab DecDev
        RequestFile >ENV:DeDev TITLE "Choose DEVICE to decrunch TO" DRAWERSONLY POSITIVE "Write" NEGATIVE "Return to menu"
                if WARN
                        skip Start BACK
                endif
                if NOT EXISTS $DeDev
                        echo "DEVICE does not exist! Choose again!"
                        skip DecDev BACK
                endif
        $DMS write $De TO $DeDev
        echo "File decrunched!"
endif
 
if $Choice EQ 3
        lab Rep
        RequestFile >ENV:Re TITLE "Choose FILE to repack" ACCEPTPATTERN "#?.dms" POSITIVE "Repack" NEGATIVE "Return to menu" FILE ".dms"
                if WARN
                        skip Start BACK
                endif
                if NOT EXISTS $Re
                        echo "File does not exist! Choose again!"
                        skip Rep BACK
                endif
        RequestChoice >ENV:Mode1 "Crunch Mode" "Choose degree of crunching" "Best" "None" "Heavy1" "Heavy2" "Return to menu"
                if WARN
                        skip Start BACK
                endif
                if $Mode1 EQ 1
                        echo "BEST" >ENV:Mode
                endif
                if $Mode1 EQ 2
                        echo "NONE" >ENV:Mode
                endif
                if $Mode1 EQ 3
                        echo "HEAVY1" >ENV:Mode
                endif
                if $Mode1 EQ 4
                        echo "HEAVY2" >ENV:Mode
                endif
        RequestFile >ENV:CrSv TITLE "Save repacked file as..." ACCEPTPATTERN "#?.dms" FILE ".dms" POSITIVE "Save" NEGATIVE "Return to menu"
                if WARN
                        skip Start BACK
                endif
        $DMS repack $Re TO $CrSv CMODE $Mode
        echo "File repacked!"
endif
 
if $Choice EQ 4
        lab View
        RequestFile >ENV:V TITLE "Choose DMS FILE to view" POSITIVE "View" NEGATIVE "Return to menu" ACCEPTPATTERN "#?.dms" FILE ".dms"
                if WARN
                        skip Start BACK
                endif
                if NOT EXISTS $V
                        echo "FILE does not exist! Choose again!"
                        skip View BACK
                endif
                $DMS view $V
endif
 
if $Choice EQ 5
        lab Test
        RequestFile >ENV:Tst TITLE "Choose FILE to test" ACCEPTPATTERN "#?.DMS" POSITIVE "Test" NEGATIVE "Return to menu" FILE ".dms"
                if WARN
                        skip Start BACK
                endif
                if NOT EXISTS $Tst
                        echo "FILE does not exist! Choose again!"
                        skip Test BACK
                endif
                $DMS test $Tst
endif
 
if $Choice EQ 0
        skip End
endif
 
skip Start BACK
 
lab End
quit


resident >nil: c:search PURE
resident >nil: c:requestfile PURE
resident >nil: c:requestchoice PURE
resident >nil: c:echo PURE
resident >nil: c:copy PURE
resident >nil: c:type PURE
 
; $VER: HappySearch v1.0 (25.4.97) Richard Burke
 
requestchoice >env:int "HappySearch" "HappySearch searches the specified device/drawer*nto see if any files have been infected with the*n'Happy New Year 96!' virus, and informs of any*ninfected files it finds. Such files will have the*nvirus name printed below them in the scanned file*nlisting." "Okay" "Quit"
if $int EQ 0
        quit
endif
 
lab beg
if exists env:mo
        delete >nil: env:mo
endif
 
if exists env:disp
        delete >nil: env:disp
endif
 
if exists env:dev
        delete >nil: env:dev
endif
 
if exists env:hap
        delete >nil: env:hap
endif
 
if exists env:sav1
        delete >nil: env:sav1
endif
 
if exists env:rec
        delete >nil: env:rec
endif
 
if exists env:sav
        delete >nil: env:sav
endif
 
if exists env:int
        delete >nil: env:int
endif
 
requestfile >env:dev TITLE "Choose drawer to search:" POSITIVE Search DRAWERSONLY
if warn
        quit
endif
 
requestchoice >env:disp "Save?" "Results will be printed to screen.*nSave results to file too?*n(This is recommended)" "Yes" "No"
if $disp EQ 1
        requestfile >env:sav TITLE "Location:" POSITIVE Save DRAWER RAM: FILE Happy.tmp
        echo $sav >env:sav1
endif
 
requestchoice >env:rec "Recurse?" "Search sub-directories recursively?" "Yes" "No"
if $rec EQ 1
        echo "Scanning files . . ."
        search $dev "Happy New Year 96!" ALL >env:hap
else
        echo "Scanning files . . ."
        search $dev "Happy New Year 96!" >env:hap
endif
echo "Files scanned:"
type env:hap
if $disp EQ 0
        delete >nil: env:hap
else
        copy >nil: env:hap $sav1
        echo "File listing saved as *e[33m$sav1*e[0m"
endif
 
requestchoice >env:mo "More?" "Scan another drawer?" "Yes" "No"
if $mo EQ 1
        skip beg back
endif
if exists env:mo
        delete >nil: env:mo
endif
 
if exists env:disp
        delete >nil: env:disp
endif
 
if exists env:dev
        delete >nil: env:dev
endif
 
if exists env:hap
        delete >nil: env:hap
endif
 
if exists env:sav1
        delete >nil: env:sav1
endif
 
if exists env:rec
        delete >nil: env:rec
endif
 
if exists env:sav
        delete >nil: env:sav
endif
 
if exists env:int
        delete >nil: env:int
endif
 
quit
TaskList
Format: tasklist
Purpose: gives a list of tasks running - address, type, priority, state, cpu, time, stack, used, name
Parameters:
Example: tasklist