Anatomy and Physiology of Animals/The Skeleton/Test Yourself Answers

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1. Name the bones which move against (articulate with)...

a) the humerus: moves against the scapula, radius and ulna.
b) the thoracic vertebrae: move against adjacent cranial and caudal vertebrae & the ribs
c) the pelvis: moves against the femur and the sacrum

2. Name the bones in the forelimb:

From the scapula are the humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals and digits.

3. Where is the patella found?

The patella is the knee cap. It is found in the hind limb at the knee joint.

4. Where are the following joints located?

a) The stifle joint: between the femur and the tibia on the hind limb.
b) The elbow joint: between the humerus, radius and ulna on the forelimb.
c) The hock joint: between the tarsals and metatarsals on the hind limb.
d) The hip joint: between the pelvis and the femur.

5. Attach the following labels to the diagram of the long bone shown below.

Anatomy and physiology of animals l-s section long bone.jpg

6. Attach the following labels to the diagram of a joint shown below.

Anatomy and physiology of animals Synovial joint.jpg