Amateur Radio Manual/What is Current

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To make electrons flow in a conductor, we first must supply some form of electromotive force (potential difference). This can be achieved attaching the conductor to some source (generator), like a battery or a power supply.

Current, then, is the rate of flow of electrons through the conductor (with unitary diameter), measured in amperes (A) after the French scientist André-Marie Ampère. In formulae, current is represented by the letter I. That's a capital eye.

The ampere is a large measurement so we usually refer to milliampere (mA), being 1/1000 of an ampere, in small measurements.

One ampere is equivalent to

6.24 \times 10^{18}

charged particles (or 1 coulomb) moving through a unitary section conductor in one second.

Current is measured with an ammeter.