Advanced Interactive Media/DVD Studio Pro
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Authoring Interactive Discs with DVD Studio Pro 
General notes 
Historical Perspective: 
- 1. Desktop publishing: 1980s - Pagemaker – Reliable/affordable, personal computers
- 2. MIDI & sequencing1990s – Studio Vision/Personal Composer, Finale
- 3. Desktop audio: 1996 – Protools, 100 MHz processors
- 4. Desktop video: 2003 – Premiere, 2 GHz processors, cheap hard drives & RAM, consumer DVD cameras, affordable/reliable/easy DVD burning
- 5. Desktop virtual reality – multiprocessor PCs, the end of the information age
- 1. ROM: Read only, like CD but much more storage.
- 2. -R: 2 kinds (General/Super drive & Authoring/Professional drive Pineer DVR-S201)
- 3. -RW: Same as -r but read/write.
- 4. RAM: Multisession, but won't play in most drives so is not recommended
- 5. +R & +RW: Won't record in a superdrive, but plays in most drives AFTER recorded.
- 6. Double sided
- 7. Double sided double density Vrs Blueray
- 8. DVD Hybrids: Video and Data
- 9. DVD audio: much greater capacity AND higher quality audio. DVD Pro - No
Things to Know: 
- 1. Tracks - 99 maximum
- 2. Angles - 8 maximum
- 3. Menus - still or motion - a total file size of no more than 1 gig.
- 4. Buttons - 36 total on 4x3, only 18 on 16x9 video
- 5. Slideshow - maximum of 100 images in one show
- 6. Audio: AIFF, WAV, SDII, MPEG-1, AC3 - all OK in Studio Pro
- 7. Subtitltes: up to 32 streams with a maximum of 4 colors
- 8. Scripting: DVD can make decisions (loop x times, play random, create a random button, passcode protect a certain track.
- 9. Region coding: 9 total. Don't use them. Not on DVD -R. 1=US, 2=Europe, 3=Orient, . 8=special purpose (airlines)
Help info you won’t find in Books: 
- 1. A one-off disc is NOT the same as one pressed from a glass master.
- 2. No longer necessary to use digital tape masters.
- 3. There is no such thing as a one-off disc that is 100% reliable. The combination of blank media brand, playback drives, and authoring software produces more than 20,000 permutations.
- 4. Copy protection: CSS or Macrovision (APS) prevents copy to VHS tape.
- 5. Info Source: DiscDoctor.com
- 6. Double sided duplication is now cost effective
- 7. DVD/CD ROM double format discs duplication can be located with difficulty.
- 8. Don't create a track, slideshow or menu that you may not require - can't be deleted consistently.
- 9. Improve reliability by playing a 1 second video track, rather than a menu, first.
- 10. 3. Be sure your content will fit. Encoding quality determines maximum size. Don't plan on more than 80 minutes (not including slideshows, menus, ROM data, etc.) on a 4.7 gig DVD.
Terminology to Impress Your Friends: 
- 1. GOP: MPEG group of pictures is 15 frames. Markers go ONLY on GOPs.
- 2. VOBU: Video group of objects - usually 2 GOPs - .4 to 1.2 seconds long. Most common source of burn errors.
- 3. One chapter = A program
- 4. A story = a chain of programs (chapters)
- 5. VTS" video title set: maximum of 99 on any single video DVD
Storage Capacities: 
- 1. 4.7 gigs
- 2. 8.5 gigs Sony DRX 820UL-T $90, $3 per disc for under 50 in quantity.
- 3. 100 gigs
Three steps in production (plus three more they don’t’ tell you about) 
- 1. Plan
- 2. Author
- 3. Encode
- 4. Duplicate
- 5. Label
- 6. Packaging
Still Image Formats: 
- Photoshop, Tif, JPG or TGA at 72 DPI (plus 6 other formats, if you care)
- Multiplexed into MPEG-2 stills
- To avoid square pixel, rectangular pixel distortion:
Create at 720x540, resize to 720x480 (don't bother to crop 6 pixels from 486)
- An exception for Pros: Create at 640x480 and stretch up to 720x540 to accommodate thin lines that stretch horiznontally, but not vertically)
Compressor Tips: 
Use VRB Variable Bit Rate 2 pass of higher
Advanced DVDs: 
- 1. DVD@ccess
- 2. Widescreen 16x9
- 3. Multilanguage discs
- 4. Subtitles
Issues That Matter: 
- 1. Assets
- 2. Tracks, markers
- 3. Layered Menus
- 4. Overlay Menus
- 5. Slideshows
- 6. Finishing: first play, hybrids, burn/format