Accountancy/Financial Accounting/IFRS

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IASB The most common financial accounting standard.

Conceptual Framework[edit]

The framework is not a Standard

The main goals of the framework are: Objectives of financial statements

Identification of characteristics to ensure quantitative information in the statements.

Explain the procedure of recognizing and measuring elements of financial statements
Assets
 An asset is a unit of resource under control of an entity result in economic benefits inflow rose from past event.

THERE are 3 essentials:

  1. The resource must contain future economic benefits
  2. The entity must have control over the future economic benefits
  3. There must be a past event
Liabilities
 An liability is present obligation of the entity rose from past event.

Present obligation is one of the 3 essentials; giving up resources;past transaction or event

Income


Expenses

Tax Purpose[edit]

The tax-effect accounting desire to identify net tax-effect of all perodic transactions recognised.

Because tax purpose is different from accounting purpose, as there are several accounts not possible posted to Tax department, e.g.

There 2 methods: Current Tax

Determines current tax liability Analyses differences between accounting and taxable profit

 Current tax worksheet


Deferred Tax Determines net effect of deferred taxes and deductions arising from current period transactions Analyses differences between accounting and tax balance sheets

 Deferred tax worksheet