A-level Computing/CIE/Computer systems, communications and software/Handling of data in information systems

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Data capture, preparation and data input
(a) describe manual and automated methods of capturing and inputting data into a system, including form design, keyboard entry, barcodes, Optical Mark Recognition (OMR), magnetic stripe cards, Optical Character Recognition (OCR), sensors and data logging, touch screens, chip and pin
(b) describe image capture by use of a scanner, video capture card and digital camera/camcorder
Validation and verification of data
(c) explain the techniques of validation and verification, and describe validation tests which can be carried out on data
Outputs from a system
(d) describe possible output formats such as graphs, reports, interactive presentations, sound, video, images and animations stating the benefits and drawbacks of each format
(e) discuss the need for a variety of output formats according to the target audience
Knowledge-based systems
(f) describe knowledge-based (expert) systems, how they are created and how they function
(g) explain the use of knowledge-based (expert) systems as a diagnostic tool