A-level Chemistry/OCR (Salters)/Alcohols

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search

Alkan-1-ols[edit]

Carbons Alcohol Condensed formula Structural formula Skeletal formula 3D model mp bp
0
water* HOH Water-2D-rotated.png
N/A
Water-3D-balls.png 0 °C 100 °C
1
methanol CH3OH Methanol-2D-flat.png Methanol-2D-skeletal.png Methanol-alternative-3D-balls.png –97 °C 65 °C
2
ethanol C2H5OH Ethanol-2D-flat.png Ethanol-2D-skeletal.png Ethanol-alternative-3D-balls.png −114 °C 78 °C
3
propan-1-ol C3H7OH Propan-1-ol-2D-flat.png Propan-1-ol-2D-skeletal.png Propan-1-ol-3D-balls.png −127 °C 97 °C
4
butan-1-ol C4H9OH Butan-1-ol-2D-flat.png Butan-1-ol-2D-skeletal.png Butan-1-ol-3D-balls.png −90 °C 118 °C
n
alkan-1-ol CnH2n+1OH Alkan-1-ol-2D-flat.png
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

* water is not an alcohol, but is included in this table to show how alcohols can be considered as being derived from water by replacing a hydrogen atom with an alkyl group